I would call any farm that uses the methods of industrial production a "factory farm". If a farm takes advantage of scale, repetition, and automation to produce uniform commodity products, that's industrial production. 1/n #fafdlstorm
2. The reason why it is seen as a derogatory term is because it's counterposed to either a sentimental fantasy or to niche farms that it really isn't in competition with because they serve different markets. 2/n
3. But there is a unrealistic belief that pastoral niche farms could replace industrial agriculture at scale. It can't and shouldn't.