Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #ihl

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Niestety w ostatnich godzinach eskalował konflikt Armenia-Azerbejdżan, atakowana jest granica "właściwej" Armenii. Wątek o aspektach prawnych konfliktu. /1
#Armenia #CIL #IHL

Punkt zapalany w stosunkach pomiędzy tymi państwami to oczywiście Górny Karabach. Zgodnie z zasadą uti possidetis iuris, w przypadku rozpadu państw, dawne granice części składowych rozpadającego się tworu stają się granicami międzynarodowymi. /2
Zasada ta przyjęła się w okresie dekolonizacji Afryki w latach 60. XX w. Ostatnio wspomniał o niej w bardzo ważnym wystąpieniu przedstawiciel Kenii w Radzie Bezpieczeństwa ONZ, wytykając Rosji przykład państw afrykańskich, które uszanowały dawne granice wewnętrzne. /3
Read 23 tweets
#Algeria: Must go hand in hand with PAROS discussions

Need transparency and more ambitious confidence building measures. Particular responsibility of states with advanced capabilities to prevent PAROS.
#Algeria: Promote full access to technology through cooperation and tech assistance and capacity building in developing countries

Need to strengthen legal regime in outer space for a common future.
#NewZealand: Should not be focused exclusively on kinetic threats. Non-kinetic including #cyber pose significant threats and possible irreversible loss and damage to infrastructure on earth
Read 50 tweets
On Monday, the @UN Security Council will address the implementation of #SCR2334, with @UNSCO_MEPP presenting the biannual implementation report. In the lead-up to the debate, @NRC_Norway briefed most Council Members; here is what I had stressed:
The resolution demanded that #Israel immediately and completely cease all
settlement activities in occupied #Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem,
and that it fully respects all of its legal obligations, including under the Fourth Geneva Convention #IHL.
In blatant disregard of the authoritative guidance of the #UNSC and peremptory norms of international law, consecutive #Israeli governments established 279 settlements, transferring 800K of its nationals to the territory of #Palestine; 1 out of 10 Israelis is now a settler.
Read 23 tweets

The new Spring 2022 issue is online!

Read articles by I. Kardon and W. Leutert, Renanah Miles Joyce, Steven Ward, A. Calcara, A. Gilli, M. Gilli, R. Marchetti, and I. Zaccagnini, and David Logan.

Articles from Vol. 46, No. 4, include:

“Pier Competitor: China’s Power Position in Global Ports,” by @IBKardon and @wendyleutert.…

This article is *ungated* (free) through May 26 thanks to @mitpress!

“Soldiers’ Dilemma: Foreign Military Training and Liberal Norm Conflict,” by @RenanahJoyce.…

This article is *ungated* (free) thanks to @mitpress!

#IHL #WomenAlsoKnowStuff
Read 7 tweets
🧵Our team continues supporting people in the #Donetsk and #Luhansk regions amid active hostilities.

These civilians are often older people, people with disabilities or families with low income.

Here is what we did in the past week 👇
With the support of @roteskreuz_de, we evacuated over 40 vulnerable sick and wounded civilians from facilities in the front-line cities of Severodonetsk, Lysychansk and Bakhmut.
Front-line healthcare facilities in the Donetsk & Luhansk regions received:

➡️war wounded kits for the treatment of severely injured

➡️kits to treat 25,000 patient with chronic diseases for 3 months

➡️basic medicines to treat 5,000 patients with common infections for 3 months
Read 6 tweets
I was the military advisor @UNCoISyria war crimes commission & documented the use of #cemicalweapons in the war in #Syria. We have UNVERIFIED accounts of #Russia using these weapons in #Ukraine. Perhaps the Syria experience can help inform. Russia NEVER used them in Syria. /1
There was NO USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS by #Russia in #Syria that we know of. There were dozens of chemical weapon strikes by Syria. Please see extensive analysis by @bellingcat and this report where I wrote multiple sections and contributed throughout:… /2
This is NOT an apologist thread. We are seeing manifold #WarCrimes in Ukraine. But we must not invent crimes. Just as the reports of use of White Phosphorus in Ukraine turned out to be thermite it is highly likely the reports of CW use are something else. No need for hysteria. /3
Read 7 tweets
Todays $IHL release
" It will:
• Add a large portfolio of intellectual property with granted and pending patents
• Expand Incannex’s addressable markets globally and addressable market sizes by over
US$400bn per annum" $ihl #ihl $ixhl #ixhl
"• Further enhance Incannex’s technical and drug development capability by adding some of the
industry’s longest-standing and best-known scientists to the Incannex team.
•Expand the Company’s drug delivery capability to include APIRx’s patented delivery
$ihl #ihl
Read 4 tweets
$IHL to acquire US firm APIRx
"APIRx is the world’s only cGMP (current Good Manufacturing Practice) cannabis plant users and providers of cGMP API’s based on naturally extracted cannabinoids."
#ihl $ixhl #ixhl
Taken from website "We are the licensor of proprietary active pharmaceutical ingredients (API’s) for extraction, purification and microencapsulation from cGMP-produced Cannabis plants..." $ihl #IHL
"...; and the manufacturer and marketer of Cannabis based pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, cosmetic and OTC products based on end-to-end cGMP process certification." $ihl #ihl
Read 6 tweets
#ICJ Prelim Measures hearing #Ukraine v #Russia #Genocide Convention begins. Camera lingers on the Russia table, which is notably empty... #intlaw
#ICJ Pres makes clear RF was immediately notifed of the filings, & RF ambassador to NL has indicated RF will not participate in the proceedings.
#Ukraine has chosen ad hoc judge Prof Yves Daudet.
Read 38 tweets

A few thoughts about #Ukraine’s case at the #ICJ. Some have already tweeted on this (@OriPomson, @VidigalGeraldo, @amirafarhadi, @niccoloridi and @mabecker17 among others)—here’s my take. ✍🏻

#UkraineRussiaWar #UkraineInvasion

Ukraine’a Application:…
Apologies in advance for getting all #ICJ on this. 👩🏻‍⚖️

I understand the political decision for making an application to the ICJ. This thread is in no way a judgment of that decision, which is very well founded in the terrible events of the last week especially.
That said, Ukraine has (sadly but realistically) an uphill battle both to obtain the #provisionalmeasures it seeks (link to request below) and in the eventual #preliminaryobjections.…
Read 21 tweets
Defenders in #Ukraine can protect civilians from effects of an attack:
1. Don’t locate military objectives & combatants amongst civilians. Resistance fighters should have identifiable insignia distinguishing them from civilians.
2. Mark protected areas clearly--schools, hospitals, religious sites, shelters.
3. Ensure sirens or other warning tools of incoming attacks continue to work effectively.
4. Mark areas where there are unexploded ordnance.
5. Pre-position food, water, shelter, medicine for displaced persons & coordinate with humanitarian actors.
6. Identify safe routes for civilians to leave.
7. Provide safety and first aid tips to civilians & deploy medical teams quickly.
Read 4 tweets
What does #Russia in relation to #Ukraine have in common - from the perspective of (mis)application of international law - with #Israel in relation to #Palestine? The answer is the obscure 'Missing Reversioner Doctrine.' A thread: Image
In 1968, with the nascent #Israeli occupation of #Palestinian territory, Prof. Yehuda Blum penned the ‘The Missing Reversioner: Reflections on the Status of Judea and Samaria’. Blum argued that there were no reversionary rights of an ousted legitimate government to the territory Image
In other words, he concluded that ‘those rules of belligerent occupation directed to safeguarding that sovereign’s reversionary rights had no application to #Israel’s control of the #WestBank and #Gaza. Hence, Israeli possession comes from an absolute title, not an occupation.
Read 11 tweets
In #UkraineInvasion the jus ad bellum - resorting to armed force, and jus in bello - rules regulating the conduct of hostilities, intersect. Recognizing and understanding intersectionality is key to a well reasoned and effective response - normative, humanitarian, and political. Image
The prohibition against the use of force amongst states and the exceptions to it (self-defence, and UN authorization for the use of force), set out in the UN Charter, are the core ingredients of jus contra bellum. Image
Article 2(4) provides that "all Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations."
Read 8 tweets
BREAKING: According to @cogatonline, in the last five years, #Palestinians in Area C were granted 33 building permits, while during the same period, settlers - transferred to occupied territory in violation of #IHL - were granted over 16,500 building permits. Annexation de facto.
The Occupying Power shall not deport or transfer parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies. It is intended to prevent a practice adopted during the Second World War by certain Powers (...)
which transferred portions of their own population to occupied territory for political and racial reasons or in order, as they claimed, to colonize those territories. Such transfers worsened the economic situation of the native population and endangered their separate existence.
Read 16 tweets
#SheikhJarrah - again the hotspot for disturbances and tensions caused by the heightened risk of forcible transfer and supplanting of its #Palestinian inhabitants with #Israeli settlers- has been at the epicenter of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict since its inception.
#SheikhJarrah is also the place where international humanitarian law #IHL saw a major development in relation to the protection of medical personnel and transports and the role played by the @ICRC and national Red Cross and Crescent Societies @ifrc:
On April 9, 1948, when militants from the Zionist paramilitary groups Irgun and Lehi killed an estimated number of 250 Palestinians, including women and children, in #DeirYassin, a village of roughly 600 people near #Jerusalem.
Read 8 tweets
Demolitions carried out by #Israeli authorities in the West Bank reached a 5-year high. 904 structures were demolished. This represents a 6% increase in the number of structures demolished and a 20% increase in the number of people displaced respectively, compared with 2020. Image
The table demonstrates that the number of demolitions recorded in the West Bank in 2021 is the highest since 2016. 900 of the structures were demolished due to a lack Israeli of building permits, which is impossible for Palestinians to obtain. Image
A bird’s-eye view on 2021 reveals that demolitions resulted in the displacement of 1,205 individuals, otherwise affecting a further 12,693 individuals. Particularly the period from July to December, under the @naftalibennett - @yairlapid government. Image
Read 8 tweets
This morning @haaretzcom had this map of #Israel printed, which accurately reflects its borders, not including the occupied #Palestinian territory (West Bank - while including Jerusalem, which it shouldn't have - and Gaza) and the occupied #Syrian Golan. Image
The outraged reactions to this simple depiction of legal realities demonstrates the extent to which annexation of occupied territory is the norm for mainstream Israeli audiences, not to be questioned or challenged.
It is the same people who reject claims of #IsraeliApartheid, that are happy to admit #Israeli acquisition of territory by use of force, in serious breach of peremptory norms of international law #juscogens under Article 2 @UN Charter. Image
Read 4 tweets
The humanitarian, normative, and political state of affairs in occupied #Palestinian territory, January 2022. Long thread, let's begin:
Seven months after an #Israeli government, led by Prime Minister @naftalibennett and Foreign Minister @yairlapid was sworn in Israel has approved, for deposit or validation plans for 6,417 settlement housing units and tendered for the construction of an additional 1,300.
Once constructed and populated, it would have facilitated – according to the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics – the implantation of additional 23,200 settlers, in violation of Article 49 GCIV #IHL.
Read 18 tweets
When Israel bombed apartment tower, two scholars wrote: laws of war permit such strikes.

Their (and the IDF's) view of the law is an outlier/minority.

It would support bombing a mosque if enemy put a single military landline inside.

The correct view👇… Image
2. I should spell out what I mean by the majority and minority view, which is about the pure question of law (#IHL). Not how it cashes out in this specific strike.

Here's the majority view.👇

@ICRC report on the left; @ILA_official report on the right. ImageImage
3. In short: Targeting such dual-use structures must include the civilian parts of the structure (eg the civilian apartments) in the proportionality analysis.

Note both the ICRC and ILA reports cite to US military manuals in support of the majority view.
Read 4 tweets
Like many of you, this year we’ve also watched @FaudaOfficial and noted a number of violations of #IHL.

Check out this Twitter thread and tell us if you see more!
Ep. 5:
👍Hiking in the forest is good for you.
❌Taking hostages is illegal in any circumstances, and specifically prohibited by #IHL.
Ep. 7:
👍Escorting a loved one to a hospital is fine.
❌Building a military base in the premises of a hospital is not allowed by #IHL as it puts civilians and wounded fighters at risk.
Read 5 tweets
Under #FreedomOfInformation we asked @dfat @Australia 's Foreign Minister @MarisePayne why was Senior General Min Aung Hlaing of #Myanmar not added to the to the consolidated list of persons & entities subject to financial #sanctions. While EU, US, UK has already done so.
VAI represents #Rohingya groups in the Cox Bazar refugee camp who have told us they expect other countries to put pressure on #Myanmar to allow them to return, safely and with full citizenship
#Sanctions are how governments put pressure on each other, but #Australia has shielded the #Myanmar military's highest ranking perpetrator from them- and continues to "cozy up" with him at diplomatic meetings @hrw…
Read 5 tweets
On May 10, 1906, Charles Scott, a candidate for governor who often campaigned in his Confederate uniform, gave the speech dedicating a new Confederate monument at @OleMissRebels.

We’ve searched for the full text of this speech for years. On Friday night, I finally found it.
It was reprinted in full in the Vicksburg Herald on May 11, 1906.
Much of the speech, as expected, is boilerplate Lost Cause rhetoric. Scott repeatedly defends the right of secession, argues that slavery was a “mere incident” to the Confederate cause, and exalts the gallantry of Confederate soldiers and the nobility of white southern women.
Read 20 tweets
OK. Here we go. #ICJ Provisional Measures Order #TheGambia v #Myanmar #Rohingya #Genocideconvention Judge Sebutinde - not on the bench.
- Background of application - omitting procedural history etc.
Reference to #Rohingya group that self-identifies as Rohingya; prima facie jurisdiction need not be definitive as to merits of the case - art 36(1) ICJ Statute & Art 9 Genocide Convention - this needs to be satisfied first
Parties to GC - no reservation to art 9 by Myanmar but to art 6 & 8; no reservations of Gambia; “dispute” exists where hold “clearly opposite views” re performance/non-performance of obligations;one party maintains dispute, other denies it. Therefore compromissory clause comes in
Read 35 tweets
Day 3 - last day of #ICJ provisional measures hearings, #TheGambia v #Myanmar #GenocideConvention #Rohingya. First up, #TheGambia Reichler: Myanmar not denied UN #FFM conclusion of “inference of genocidal intent” or the 7 indicators; 2019 report para 224 - extreme brutality;
Quoted ASSK admission of #IHL violations; ignoring of #sexual violence; #hate narratives - commander in chief Min Aung Hlaing #Facebook page quoted; discriminatory policies including #citizenship law & NVC process; govt tolerance of hate; failure to investigate prosecute
This last one was the only point disputed by Myanmar - “what state is she talking about?” - military justice system must investigate & prosecute - difficulties admitted by ASSK; how can the #Tatmadaw hold itself accountable when top 6 commanders recommend for prosecution?
Read 33 tweets

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