Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #literature

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#Baloch
#literary
#History
بلوچی ادب کے ادوار
بلوچی ادب ہر کھٹن اور رنگین زندگی کے ہر موڑ اور ہر موسم کا عکاس ھے۔
بلوچی ادب راست بازی، راست گفتاری، غیرت و محبت، حمیت، سخاوت، مہمان نوازی، حقوق، قول و قرار کی پابندی، عزم و استقلال، اخلاصِ عمل کا ترجمان ھے۔
آغاز میں شاعری کےموضوع یا
تو جنگی ھوتے تھےیا بارش اور فطرتی یاپھر عشقیہ۔ بلوچ قدیم ادب میں قصیدہ سرائی نہیں ملتی۔ ڈائریکٹ، سچی اوررواں شاعری ھوتی تھی۔ غزل کاوجود نہ تھا۔
طویل نظمیں ھوتی تھیں جن میں صرف بحرکاخیال رکھاجاتاتھا۔ بلوچی ادب کوچار ادوارمیں تقسیم کیاجاتاھے؛
پہلا دور__یہ دورسولہویں صدی کاshivalrey
دور تھا۔ اس دور کےشعراء رندولاشار کے مابین لڑی جانےوالی تیس سالہ تاریخی جنگ کی مفصل تاریخ پر مبنی شاعری پیش کرتا ھے۔
اس دورکی شاعری کاموضوع انسانوں کابےدریغ قتل، بہادروں کےکارنامے، بزدلوں اورمیدان جنگ کےبھگوڑوں پرلعن طعن، نفرتوں وحشتوں اور رونگٹے کھڑی کردینےوالےواقعات، قحط وبھوک،
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لاہور جب کبھی ساحر (ساحر لدھیانوی) ملنے کے لیے آیا کرتا تھا تو وہ چپ چاپ صرف سگریٹ پیتا رہتا تھا
قریب آدھا سگریٹ پی کر راکھ دانی جھاڑ دیتا اور پھر نیا سگریٹ سلگا لیتا
اور اس کے جانے کے بعد صرف سگریٹوں کے بڑے بڑے ٹکڑے کمرے میں رہ جاتے تھے
امرتا پریتم /رسیدی ٹکٹ
#Literature
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اس کے جانے کے بعد میں اس کے چھوڑے ہوئے سگریٹوں کے ٹکڑے سنبھال کر الماری میں رکھ لیتی تھی
اور پھر اک اک ٹکڑے کو تنہائی میں بیٹھ کر جلاتی اور جب ان کو انگلیوں میں پکڑتی تھی
محسوس ہوتا جیسے اس کا ہاتھ چھو رہی ہوں❤

امرتا پریتم کے"رسیدی ٹکٹ" سے اقتباس

#Literature
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Can computational methods assess the #sentiment of complex texts? In an article with my fabulous colleagues from the @WZB_Berlin, @unipotsdam @LMU_Muenchen @JungeAkademie, we answer this question by applying #dictionary and #scaling methods on a sample of #literature reviews🧵
The article is also a practical #guide to help researchers select an appropriate #method and degree of preprocessing for their own data. Our #corpus consisted of 6.041 summaries of reviews of contemporary German #literature acquired from @perlentaucher00 (2/9)
The linguistic #complexity of #literature reviews differ from other texts with regard to their #language-- ambiguity, irony, metaphors, etc.-- are comparatively difficult to capture with #computational approaches. So how did our different methods fare? (3/9)
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For over 400 years, history has been haunted by Anarkali, the beautiful court dancer who was buried alive by Emperor Akbar, for her love affair with Prince Salim (Akbar’s son and the future Emperor Jahangir). But is the story fact or #fiction? The truth will surprise you! 1/11 Image
This tragic love story has many modern retellings, including the 1960s classic Hindi film Mughal-e-Azam. But if Anarkali is just #folklore, whose grave lies in the magnificent ‘Tomb of Anarkali’ in the heart of #Lahore, the former Mughal capital? 2/11 Image
The grave bears the couplet in #Persian: ‘Ah! If I could behold the face of my beloved once more, I would thank God until the day of resurrection’. It is signed by ‘Majnun Salim Akbar’ ('Enamoured Son of Akbar'). It’s the only clue we have. 3/11
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I teach a course on #Pakistani #Literature at @binghamtonu. This time around I started every class with playing a song on @YouTube.

This served various pedagogical purposes and also helped latecomers 😂

Here's the list of songs we listened to this semester
🧵
1. #Punjabi folk + West coast rap

Kandyaari-ae haey tere do nain...
Chakwal Group and @iambohemia @cokestudio
2. #Punjabi Tappe by one of the most beautiful Punjabi couples: Veena and Anant @anantkiveena

When it comes to tappe, national borders don't mean shit
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Ok #AcademicTwitter. This month, I'm entering my 3rd year of PhD! yayy🎉

I was looking through my 1st research journal and found these "tips" I had written for myself. I thought I'll share them here.

So, here's a 🧵of #PhDtips for those starting their PhD!

#PhDlife #PhDchat Image
1. Maintain a #PhDjournal📒
Experiments, results, failures, meetings w/ guide, seminars, weekly plans, proposal brainstorming, talk prep - everything related to your PhD in one notebook.

(coursework & journal notes can be separate, but I used the same note. 1 note/year for me)
2. Read a lot of journal articles. A lot.
It is the best way to take your research forward!

(I wanted to try the #365papersChallenge, but couldn't keep up. I read way fewer papers than I want myself to. This could be my sign from the universe to step up!)
#journalclub
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#Punjabi
#Literature
31 اگست 1919ء_____
گوجرانولہ کی جنم بھومی
والد کرتار سنگھ اور والدہ راج کور کی اکلوتی اولاد
استاد گھرانے میں پیدائش
چھوٹی عمر میں شاعری کاآغاز
16 سال کی عمر میں پریتم سنگھ سے شادی
1935 میں پہلا پنجابی شعری مجموعہ "ٹھنڈیاں کرناں" شائع
پنجاب کےبٹوارےکی چیخوں،
آہ وبکا، قتل وغارت میں مکمل ادبی روپ کی تشکیل
بھارتی جنتا ایوان کی رکن
تین دفعہ "ڈاکٹر آف لٹریچر" کی اعزازی ڈگری ملنا
پہلا اور آخری عشق ساحر لدھیانوی
ان کی تحریروں کے اُردو، ہندی، تامل، مراٹھی، انگریزی کے علاوہ فرانسیسی جاپانی اور ڈینش اور کئی مشرقی یورپی زبانوں میں تراجم
پنجابی
ادب کا اعلی ترین "گیان پتھ ایوارڈ" ملنا
"ساہتیہ اکیڈمی ایوارڈ" پانے والی لکھاری
"صدارتی پدم شری ایوارڈ" پانے والی واحد خاتون
آل انڈیا ریڈیو کی پنجابی اناءونسر
پنجابی زبان کی صدی کی شاعرہ
خالص پنجابن اور صف اول کی مصنفہ امرتا کا
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#request
رسول حمزہ طوف (داغستان، روس)
 Rasul Gamzatovich Gamzatov (1923-2003)
وہ نام جو سابقہ سوویت یونین اور موجودہ روس کی ایک چھوٹی سی جمہوری ریاست داغستان کی پہچان بنا۔
ممکن نہیں کہ ادب سےدلچسپی رکھنے والے روسی نژادمسلمان ادیب رسول حمزہ کےنام سےناواقف ھوں۔
#Russian
#Literature
ایک معمولی روایتی چرواہے کے گھر آنکھ کھولنے والے طوف نے 11 سال کی عمر میں شاعری کا آغاز کیا۔
عالمگیر شہرت یافتہ شاعر اور نثر نگار رسول حمزہ ایک بہترین صحافی، ترجمہ نگار، عمدہ سیاستدان، تھیٹر نگار، ریڈیو رائٹر، مدھم اور سریلے مغنی شاعر بھی تھے۔
داغستان میں جنگ چھڑی تو آپ کو تعلیمی
سلسلہ منقطع کرنا پڑا جو 1945 میں دوبارہ شروع ھوا لیکن شاعر کا پہلا اور آخری حوالہ شاعری ہی ھوا کرتا ھے۔ ایک ادیب کیلئے اسکے الفاظ ہی اسکی شناخت ھوا کرتے ہیں۔
آپ کے لکھے ھوئے گیت ”زہوراولی“ کو سوویت نغمے کے طور پر گردانا گیا۔ طوف کی شاعری، گیت اورنغمات انکی اپنی مادری زبان "آواری"
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خوش حال خان خٹک (1613-1689/اکوڑہ خٹک، پاکستان)
ایک ہمہ گیر شخصیت
پشتو ادب کا تیسرا دور "زریں دور" کہلاتا ھے جو900 ھجری سے شروع ھوتا ھے۔ یہ دور عظیم شاعرخوشحال خان خٹک سے شروع ھوتا ھے۔
خوشحال خان بیک وقت شاعربھی تھے، نثر نگار بھی، سردار بھی، منصب دار بھی، فلسفی
#Pashto
#Literature ImageImage
بھی، صوفی بھی، جنگجو بھی، باغی بھی، حکیم بھی، طبیب بھی، سیاستدان بھی اور حکمران بھی۔
خوشحال خان مغلیہ سلطنت کےمنصب دار تھےلیکن بعدمیں اسےچھوڑ کر افغان کی جنگ میں اور مغلوں کیخلاف تلوار تان لی تھی۔
انکی شاعری پرحماسہ رنگ بہت غالب تھا۔ خوشحال خان وہ پہلےپشتو شاعرتھےجس نے ننگ وغیرت، Image
رزم وبزم، مردانگی، قوم پرستی، تصوف،سیاسیات، فلسفہ، طب، جنسیات، تاریخ، عشق و جمالیات جیسےہزاروں ان گنت موضوع پشتوشاعری کی جھولی میں ڈال دیئے۔
انکی بےباکانہ شاعری پر آج400سال بعد بھی ہمارامعاشرہ بحث کی اجازت نہیں دیتا۔
علامہ اقبال آپکےبارے میں"عظیم خوشحال شناس" میں بہ الفاظ واشگاف Image
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Let us discuss the term "Literature" in this thread.

#Literature #literatura #SundayThoughts
Origin of word literature:

Littera = A letter or an alphabet
👇
Litteratura = Writings.
👇
“Literature”.

#Literature #literatura #Literary
In English, the earliest usage of the word “Literature” can be found in the 1385 poem Eugenia, written completely in old Scottish dialect.

#Literature #literatura #History
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*Father Of The Nation* they taught you. But the *True Fathers* Of the Indian Civilization never appeared in our syllabus #Thread 👇
1. Father of astronomy: Aryabhatta; work - Aryabhattiyam
2. Father of astrology: Varahamihira, works; Panchasiddhantika, Bruhat Hora Shastra 1. Father of astronomy: Aryabhatta; work - Aryabhattiyam 2. 1. Father of astronomy: Aryabhatta; work - Aryabhattiyam 2.
3. Fathers of #surgery : Charaka & Sushruta, works: Samhitas
4. Father of #anatomy : #Patanjali, work: #Yogasutra
5. Father of #yoga : #Patanjali, work: #Yogasutra
6. Father of #Economics: Chanakya, work: Arthashshtra
7. Father of #Atomictheory: Rishi Kanada, Work : Kanada sutras Fathers of #surgery : Charaka & Sushruta, works: SamhitasFather of #anatomy : #Patanjali, work: #YogasutraFather of #Economics: Chanakya, work: ArthashshtraFather of #Atomictheory: Rishi Kanada, Work : Kanada sutras
8. Father of #architecture : Vishwakarma
9. Father of #aerodynamics : Mayasura, work : Vastu Darpana
10. Father of #Medicine: Dhanvanthri, first propounded #Ayurveda
11. Father of #grammar : Panini, work: Vyakarana Deepika Father of #architecture : VishwakarmaFather of #Medicine: Dhanvanthri, first propounded #AyurvedaFather of #grammar : Panini, work: Vyakarana Deepika
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ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય અકાદમી દ્વારા વિનોદ જોશી માટે બે પારિતોષિક જાહેર કરાયા.
ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય અકાદમી દ્વારા વર્ષ ૨૦૧૮ના સાહિત્યના પારિતોષિકોમાં વિનોદ જોશીના પ્રબંધકાવ્ય
સૈરન્ધ્રી’ને શ્રેષ્ઠ કવિતા માટે પ્રથમ અને નિર્વિવાદ’ને
શ્રેષ્ઠ વિવેચનગ્રંથનું પ્રથમ એમ બે પારિતોષિક જાહેર કરાયા.
૨૦૧૮માં વિનોદ જોશીને ગુજરાતી કવિતાનો સર્વોચ્ય
ગણાતો નરસિંહ મહેતા પુરસ્કાર અર્પણ થયો ત્યારે
મોરારિબાપુના હસ્તે પ્રબંધકાવ્ય સૈરન્ધ્રી’નું લોકાર્પણ થયેલ.
૨૦૧૫માં ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય અકાદમીએ
વિનોદ જોશીને સાહિત્ય ગૌરવ પુરસ્કારથી સન્માનિત કરેલા.
જન્મ : વર્ષ ૧૯૫૫ ભોરિગડા ગામ
(જિ.અમરેલી)
ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય અકાદમી
1981માં સ્થાપિત ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય અકાદમી અથવા ગુજરાત સાહિત્ય એકેડેમી, ગુજરાત, ભારત અને
તેમના સાહિત્યમાં બોલાતી ભાષાઓના વિકાસને સમર્પિત એક સરકારી સંસ્થા છે.
ગુજરાતી, ગુજરાતની સત્તાવાર ભાષા, તેમાંથી
એક છે બીજી હિન્દી, સંસ્કૃત, કચ્છી, સિંધી અને ઉર્દૂ પણ છે.
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1.
#Thread on Maharajadhiraja Krishna Deva Raya - Part 2

This part covers the later part of his reign, his eulogies & the glory attained by Vijayanagara Empire.

The 1st part covers the initial part of the reign.
2.
1520: After the Battle of Raichur's victory, Raya demanded customary homage from Adilshah, after which Salabat Khan, the imprisoned Adilshahi general, would be released.

But the Adilshahi diplomat Asad Khan Lari got Salabat Khan killed treacherously!
3.
1521: On learning of the treachery, Krishnadevaraya marched into Adilshahi domains.

He delivered crushing defeats to Adilshah at Battles of Kembavi & Gobbur. He took Gulbarga too! The Raya wanted to march further into Adilshahi territory, but was advised against it.
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Throwback to the time it was revealed that Clint Eastwood directed a movie based on a book written by a secret leader of the KKK.
Asa Earl Carter “formed a paramilitary unit of about 100 men known as ‘the Original Ku Klux Klan of the Confederacy” and “was arrested in 1957 in connection with a Klan shooting” link.gale.com/apps/doc/BOSYD…
In 1956, his group attacked Nat King Cole on stage in Birmingham, Alabama during a concert and castrated a random black man as a “warning to ‘uppity’ Alabama Blacks.” timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1…
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1/152 Intermezzo by Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky as a twitter thread #Ukraine #Literature
2/152 I dedicate this to the fields at Kononivka
3/152 Dramatis Personae My fatigue, The pastures in June, The sun, Three white sheepdogs, The cuckoo, The larks, The city’s iron hand, Human woe.
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#Cities have become an important international agenda as 50% of the world population depend on them.

Cities are placed on the frontline to achieving the 17 #SDGs. Creative #urbangovernance is the driving force of #UNESCO Creative Cities Network.
Aims to strengthen cooperation with #cities that have recognised creativity for #SustainableDevelopment across social, economic and cultural sectors.

-Dr. Junhi Han, Programme Specialist and Chief of Culture @unesconewdelhi
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#goodmorning Students
In this article we will answer a question that is frequently asked by every student seeking to write a #thesis or a #research paper

⏩How do you write a proposal ❓

🔸Definition
🔸proposal purpose
🔸Proposal Components.
🔸Proposal Steps
🔸Proposal Skills
🔷Definition
A thesis proposal is an outline that defines the issues and problems the #thesis needs to solve. and describes the resources, data and materials needed. To improve your skills in researching you must keep it up to date in the scientific #research field.
🔷Proposal purpose
1️⃣ To write a significant contribution to knowledge.
2️⃣ To prepare a well-planned project includes methodological, theoretical #framework proposal.
3️⃣ To make sure the #research proposal can be achievable on time
4️⃣ To make sure that you got the suitable skills
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*Father Of The Nation* they taught you. But the *True Fathers* Of the #Indian #Civilisation never appeared in our syllabus 👇🏼
1. Father of #astronomy: Aryabhatta; work - Aryabhattiyam
2. Father of #astrology: Varahamihira, works; Panchasiddhantika, Bruhat Hora Shastra @sattology ImageImage
3. Fathers of #surgery: Charaka & Sushruta, works: Samhitas
4. Father of #Anatomy: #Patanjali, work: #Yogasutra
5. Father of #yoga : #Patanjali, work: #Yogasutra
6. Father of #Economics: Chanakya, work: Arthashshtra
7. Father of #Atomictheory: Rishi Kanada, Work : Kanada sutras ImageImageImageImage
8. Father of #architecture : Vishwakarma;
9. Father of #AeroDynamics: Mayasura, work : Vastu Darpana
10. Father of #Medicine: #Dhanvanthri, first propounded #Ayurveda
11. Father of #grammar: Panini, work: Vyakarana Deepika
@SriRamya21 @Maha_periyava_ @HiteshAwasthi89 @desi_thug1 ImageImageImage
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Daily Bookmarks to GAVNet 11/10/2020 greeneracresvaluenetwork.wordpress.com/2020/11/10/dai…
Game combats political misinformation by letting players undermine democracy

cam.ac.uk/research/news/…

#democracy #misinformation #disinformation #gaming #research
Totalitarian Dictator To Leave Office After Losing Election: Notes From The Edge Of The Narrative Matrix

caityjohnstone.medium.com/totalitarian-d…

#totalitarianism #empires #elections #authoritarianism
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#OTD in 1950, the world lost the wonderful George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright & 1925 recipient of the Nobel Prize for #Literature

(Apart) from his work, there's a treasure trove of wonderful quotes, so I thought I'd do an all-day thread, adding them one by one as we go...

1/
2/

"He knows nothing; and he thinks he knows everything. That points clearly to a political career."

- George Bernard Shaw, Major Barbara
3/

"If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange these apples then you and I will still each have one apple.

But if you have an idea and I have an idea and we exchange these ideas, then each of us will have two ideas."

- George Bernard Shaw
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💫10 secrets to #writing fabulous academic assignments ✨

A quick thread for #AppliedLinguistics #TESOL and #Literacies students @MQLinguistics, and anyone else who's sweating over an academic assignment
Secret #1: Figure out what you have to do!

What is the task? What are the expectations and requirements? Image
Secret #2: Plan your #time!

A #writing assignment consists of 5 steps: allocate time to each:
1 Planning
2 Orientation
3 Structuring
4 Drafting
5 Revision Image
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Our invited expert review on #Ayurvedic #herbals and #liver #toxicity. #herbal #medicine is NOT safe. Review on #herbs used in #Indian #traditional #medicine & adverse events is lacking in #published #Literature
We deep searched, compiled
Full paper: bit.ly/35WkCmr
1/4 Image
This #review is important for #ayush practitioners and those interested in opting for #alternative #therapies as #knowledge regarding potential #toxic components is the #right of every #patient and #moral #duty of the physician. This 👇 list show names of imp toxic herbs.
2/4 Image
We give #real #life #patient data supporting our review: such as this example which shows that #Ayurveda #drugs cause severe #chronic #liver #damage that can lead to #cirrhosis in the short term.
The implicated agent here is Holarrhena antidysenterica (Tellichery bark)
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Saw on WA this clip from the film Sabyasachi based on Sarat Ch Chattopadhyay’s proscribed novel Pather-Dabi (Tagore had supported the ban). Blanked out on the name of the revolutionary after whom the character was conceived. @chatukhor and @sanghamitra_m came to my rescue #trivia
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Thread warning: A long thread coming on the life and work of Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, a world-renowned Kenyan writer, scholar, and social activist. His seminal work, "Decolonising the Mind" is a brilliant exposition of how integral language is to culture and identity.

#Literature
Language is a central question in all of Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o's work. In his work, he proposes a "theory of language", in which "language exists as culture" & "language exists as communication". For him, a language carries the histories, values, and aesthetics of culture within it.
Born in Kamiriithu, near Limuru in Kiambu district, Kenya in 1938, he was soon baptized and given a name (James Ngugi). His first encounter with colonial institutions happened when he was sent to study in The Alliance High School (seen as a civilizing instrument for Africans).
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