Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #malayalam

Most recents (4)

Quintessential Indian dish from southern India 'Dosa' (दोसा) has its origin in #Tamil word tōcai = rice flat pancake, which has reached us via #Kannada. dōse, #Tulu dōsè, & #Malayalam dōśa. Interestingly this Dosa was also borrowed in Middle Indo-Aryan as dhosaka धोसक.
Surprisingly this avatar of Dosa i.e. Dhosak धोसक survives in Eastern India in the form of ḍhuskā ढुस्का (a popular rice-lentils dish of Jharkhand & Odisa). This was in area of language contact between North Dravidian (like Kurux) and Indo-Aryan languages.
Perhaps the word Dosa has its origin in Proto South Dravidian *dōc-ai.
Dhosaka has been attested in classical Sanskrit in MIA period (P. K. Gode, Indian Linguistics 16. 226-31).
Read 3 tweets
While *most* South Asian Muslims use #Persian terms for religious concepts, Muslims in #TamilNadu & #Kerala (who trace their roots to Arab trading communities) have distinct traditions also reflected in their terminology, which freely draws from #Tamil/#Malayalam & #Sanskrit.
Instead of rozā, the #Persian term for Islamic fasting (itself a translation of #Arabic ṣawm) used in #Urdu, #Bengali, #Gujarati etc, #Tamil & #Malayalam speaking Muslims use nōmpu, lit. ceremonial fasting. The word is from a proto #Dravidian root meaning to do penance. #Ramadan
Sanskrit is used too. #Malayalam speaking Muslims commonly refer to #Ramzan as puṇya māsam, #Sanskrit for month of good merit. Nimskāram, the Malayalam counterpart of the #Persian namāz (Islamic prayer), is from #Sanskrit namaskāra (lit. prostratration, here, to a god). #Ramadan
Read 8 tweets
A doubt:
Whether Union is sharing the "Additional Duty of Excise on Motor Spirit" collected with States since it is termed as "surcharge"
Major feature of CESS/SURCHARGES is that they need not be shared with the States by Union as they are not coming under divisible pool
So if any one knows, kindly enlighten me about this "Special Additional Duty on Excise on Motor Spirit" See this year budget proposal
Read 11 tweets
A doubt:
Whether Union is sharing the "Additional Duty of Excise on Motor Spirit" collected with States since it is termed as "surcharge"
Major feature of CESS/SURCHARGES is that they need not be shared with the States by Union as they are not coming under divisible pool
So if any one knows, kindly enlighten me about this "Special Additional Duty on Excise on Motor Spirit" See this year budget proposal
Read 11 tweets

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