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SG
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Jewish involvement in the Civil Rights Movement #Jews and #Blacks marched arm & arm. Jews were earliest supporters of #UrbanLeague, #ILGWU organized too. #AmericanJewishCommittee, #AmericanJewishCongress & #ADL were central in the fight (1 #MLKDay
onjewishmatters.com/jewish-involve…
#Jews made substantial financial contributions to many civil rights organizations including: #NAACP, #UrbsnLeague, #CongressofRacialEquality, & #StudentNonViolentCoordinatingCommittee (2) #MLKDay #MLK #MLKJr
50% of #CivilRights attorneys were #Jews & 50% of whites who went to Mississippi in 1964 were Jews who went to challenge #JimCrowLaws. Clark's study relied upon by the USSCt in Brown v Bd of Education case was paid for by #AmericanJewishCommittee #MLKDay (3)
#ADL & #AmericanJewishCommittee submitted americus cruise briefs in behalf of #BrownvBdOfEducation Then, these #Jewish groups moved on to fight against discrimination in housing, employmt, education & public accommodation. Desegregation regs were often drafted by #Jews #MLKDay (4
#Jews were disproportionately involved in the #CivilRights Movement. #Rabbis were part of lunch counter #sit-ins, #FreedomRides, MarchOnWashington & local integration efforts. Most Southern Jews were moderates even though they feared #antisemitic backlash. #MLKDay (5
#RabbiUriMiller gave the opening prayer & #RabbiJoachimPrinz spoke prior to Dr King's "I Have A Dream" Speech. #MLKDay #MLK #MLK2019 #MLKWeekend #MLKJrDay (6
#Rabbis: IraSanders of LittleRock testified before the #ArkansasSenate against pending #segregation bills. #PerryNussbaum of Miss. lent his support to integration efforts, as did #JacobRothschild of Atlanta, #EmmetFrank of Alexandria & #CharlesMantingand of Birmingham #mlk (7
Many southern #Synagogues were bombed during the #civilrights movement. #Klangroups exploited the integration crisis to launch #antisemitic attacks of violence. #Rabbis received death threats. (8) #MLKDay #MLK #MLK2019 #MLK90 #MLK2019
#Jews gave extensively to #AfricanAmerican causes. #WilliamRosenfeld of the Sears Roebuck family contributed more generously to Southern Black education than any other philanthropist. His daughter #EdithStern followed in her father's #CivilRights footsteps. #MLKDay #mlkjrday(9
#Jews saw the #civilrights fight as a #moral necessity of #racial #justice financially supported the #NAACP & King's #SouthernChristianLeadershipConference which kept them afloat. #MLKDay #mlkjrday (10
#RabbiArthurLelyveld was severely beaten in Hattiesberg, Miss & #DrEdwardSachar who volunteered his medical services almost lost his life being forced off the road. #Jewish organizations supported #Kennedy because he campaigned hard on #CivilRights (11) #MLKDay #MLK90
The #AmericanJewishCommittee sent #Kennedy an #8pointcivilrightsplan including fair employment & end to #JimCrow #segregation. The #CivilRightsAct & #VotingRightsAct were drafted at a conference room of #ReligiousActionCenterofReformJudaism under their leadership #MLKDay (12)
#ArnoldAronson worked w/#APhillipRandolph to pressure #FDR to issue #ExecutiveOrder8802 opening up jobs in fed govt & defense industries to minorities. Aronson helped plan the 1963 #MarchOnWashington for jobs and justice & became exec of #JewishCouncilForPublicAffairs #MLKDay (13
#MarvinCaplan became involved in desegregating dept store restaurants & worked w/#NeighborsInc to fight #whiteflight. He & #Aronson became leading lobbyists on Capitol Hill for the passage of #CivilRightsAct. Caplan was exec director of #LeadershipConferenceOnCivilRights (13 #MLK
#Caplan also served as Exec Director of #AFLCIO & became Exec Director of #LeadershipConferenceforCivilRights. He developed & led lobbying for #CivilRightsAct, #VotingRightdAct, #FairHousingAct, & #TitleIXProhibitionAgainstGenderDiscriminationInEducation (14 #MLKDay
#RobertLincolnGreenberg was #FreedomRider w/#RevRobertIMiller who became mayor of Englewood NJ. His friend #RabbiIreinBlank helped integrate eating establishments in the South. (15 #MLKDay #mlkjrday
#RabbiJoachimPrinz was President of the #AmericanJewishCommittee addressed the people at the Washington Mall before King rose to give his famous speech & joined the inner circle of religious leaders who met w/President #JFK after the speeches were over. #MLKDay #mlkjrday (16
#UnionofHebrewCongregations chartered a bus in 1964 & dozens of rabbis joined hundreds lobbying in favor of the #CivilRightsAct #MLKDay (17
In 1964, 3 #civilrightsworkers were murdered because they were working on the #FreedomSummerCampaign. #JamesEarlChaney #AndrewGoodman & #MichaelSchwerner's murders by the #WhiteKnightsoftheKKK sparked outrage & the #FBI investigated this as #MississippiBurning #mlk (18
#RabbiIsraelDresner was known as "the most arrested rabbi in America." He was one of three rabbis closest to Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr. He served 4 times in prison in Florida & Georgia (19) #MLKDay #mlkjrday #MLK90
#StAugustine was the only place Reverend Martin Luther King Jr was arrested. He wrote a #LetterfromStAugustineJail to #RabbiIsraelDresner urging him to come, recruit #rabbis & join the movement. The result was the largest mass arrest of rabbis in US history on 6/18/64. #MLKDay 20
The arrests took place at the #MonsonHotel. #MartinLutherKing & #RabbiAbrahamHeschel: after the first Selma March led a delegation of 800 to FBI HQ in NYC to protest the agency's failure to protect the demonstrators. King invited Heschel to to join the 3rd Selma March. 21
#MLKDay
The leaders of the 3rd Selma March invited by Dr King to March arm & arm with him: #RalpheBunch & #ReverendAbernathy & #RabbiAbrahamHeschel (22) #MLKDay #MLK90 #mlkjrday #Jews #CivilRightsLeaders #Ethics History of overt empathy between #Blacks & #Jews #History #Zionism
@threadreaderapp please unroll my thread on Jewish Involvement in the Civil Rights Movement. A dear friend was left for dead after going to register voters in the South. Two anonymous black men in a pickup truck saved his life by dumping him off in front of a hospital.
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