b)equal protection of laws.
a)no special privilege in the country, wrt treatment by law. Eg,no special trial at a criminal court, irrespective of the religion or the position one holds.
Supreme Court has held that the state can legitimately discriminate among people under different circumstances & it is prohibited to discriminate only among people in a particular circumstance.
Hence, SC postulated two judicial doctrines under Article 14 as under:
a)Borrowed from the US jurisprudence. It is called the Doctrine of Reasonable Classification.
It was first set forth by the court in EP Royappa VS State of Tamil Nadu & then in case of Maneka Gandhi VS Union of India.
Let me now explain two doctrines. Read on.
Now let me explain 2nd doctrine.
Now, the first legal question,to be answered is that who are the subjects of this law? As only the subjects are legitimate to approach the courts & to challenge the treatment by the state.
The first SC has to decide in this case,if an illegal immigrant can even approach the Court.
Let’s check. Read on
The court quoted the above in Sarabananda Sonwal v Union of India & held that the power to grant citizenship is consistent with territorial sovereignty.