On Covid (factual)
Deaths caused to date - 1218.
The lockdown has reduced what might have been a larger number
"Back-of-the-envelope calculations show that an estimated 5 million children might have missed out on vaccination in March, and those numbers are swelling in April."
2. Counterfactual cases do not get added into one total number and make it to the headlines.
4. The media latches on to the factual easily, and drums up attention, eventually relegating discussions of the counterfactual to obscure corners of the media.
I tried to take 2 examples w.r.t. Covid. There are more surely. In general, it is a useful way of evaluating issues.