Gokhale was an Indian liberal political leader and a social reformer, during the Indian Independence Movement.
He was also a senior leader of the Indian National Congress.
Through the Society as well as the Congress and other legislative bodies he served in, Gokhale campaigned for Indian self-rule and for social reforms.
Gokhale became a member of the Indian National Congress in 1889, as a protégé of social reformer Mahadev Govind Ranade.
Thanks to these two (as well as Ranade, till his death in 1900), Pune became the political and thought leadership capital of the country.
After there early disagreements in the 1890s, Tilak left Fergusson College. There is an interesting story here about Tilak's replacement Math Professor.
(Trivia - Gokhale, Tilak, Karve were all mathematics professor and loved the subject immensely)