My Authors
Read all threads
Ancient Coin of the Day: A stunning aureus of Commodus from AD 192, with the Obverse showing the emperor himself in the lion-skin of Hercules. #ACOTD #Commodus

Image: RIC III Commodus 247
Commodus had made a conscious association between himself and Hercules and, in the final year of his reign - AD 192 - adopted the title Invictus Romanus Hercules, representing himself as an incarnation of Hercules.
The Reverse of this coin continues this association, with the Legend HER ROM COND - 'Hercules (Re)Founds Rome' - alluding to Commodus' re-founding of the city of Rome, dubbing it Commodiana (Dio 73.15). The scene here is likely the representation of the ploughing of the pomerium.
The same association with Hercules is a frequent representation of Commodus in both artistic and numismatic images, such as this aureus of AD 191-192, with the scene of Hercules clasping hands with the personification of Africa.

Image: RIC III Commodus 259
Indeed Dio (73.22.3) tells us that he went so far as to have the head cut of the Colossus and replaced with a likeness of his own, placing additions of a lion and club to the statue, so that it became a representation of Commodus-Hercules.
For more on Commodus as god-emperor, see:

Speidel, M. P. “Commodus the God-Emperor and the Army.” The Journal of Roman Studies, vol. 83, 1993, pp. 109–114.

#ACOTD #Commodus
Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh.

Keep Current with Dr Rob Cromarty

Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!

Twitter may remove this content at anytime, convert it as a PDF, save and print for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video

1) Follow Thread Reader App on Twitter so you can easily mention us!

2) Go to a Twitter thread (series of Tweets by the same owner) and mention us with a keyword "unroll" @threadreaderapp unroll

You can practice here first or read more on our help page!

Follow Us on Twitter!

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3.00/month or $30.00/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!