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There is much to Indian history than Akbar, Ashoka and Allauddin Khilji. Scores of Indian rulers have writ our history in the blood drawn from their swords. Most of them unknown outside their native states. Here is a tweet thread to list out some UNKNOWN Indian rulers.
1. Gautamiputra Satakarni. The Greatest of the Satavahanas, he ruled over an Empire in the Deccan. He defeated the invading Sakas, Pahlavas and Yavanas( Indo-Greeks). His victory over the Sakas in 78AD led to the establishing India's national calendar, the Saka/Salivahana Samvat
2. Kharavela of Kalinga. The Greatest of the Mahameghavahana Emperors of Orissa of the 1st-2nd Century BCE. He is famous for having conquered/subjugated a large part of the subcontinent from Pandya kings of the South to the Magadha kings of Bihar.
3. Menander/Milinda. The Indo-Greek King who ruled the Northwestern part of India during the 1st Century BCE. His capital was Sakala (Sialkot). Converted to Buddhism, he features in "MilindaPanha" (The questions of Menander), a dialogue between him and Buddhist monk, Nagasena.
4. Skandagupta. The last of Great Gupta Emperors. The first saviour of India as he repulsed the Huna (Indo-Hepthalite invasions) in the 4th century CE. Thanks to his spirited defence, the invading Huns never crossed the Indus. (The Huns ravaged Europe and sacked Constantinople)
5. Lalitaditya Muktapida. The Emperor of the Karkota Dynasty of Kashmir. Richly described in Kalhana's "Rajatarangini", legend has it that he conquered territories upto the Vindhyas. He commissioned the famous Sun Temple in Marthand, Kashmir.
6. Immadi Pulakeshin/Pulakeshin II. The Greatest of the Kalyani Chalukya Emperors, he expanded his empire to cover most of the Deccan in the 7th century CE. He is most famous for defeating Harshavardhana in the Battle of the Narmada in 618-619 CE.
7. Narasimhavarman I, the Pallava Ruler of Kanchipuram. He defeated Pulakeshin II and sacked the Chalukyan capital, Vatapi. He is known as MahaMalla (Great Wrestler) and known to have built the famous "Pancha Rathas" rock cut temples of Mahabalipuram.
8. Yasodharman, the King of Malwa. He finally defeated the Huna kings led by Mihirakula and put and end to the Huna invasions. The Mandsaur pillar inscription (i had the good fortune of visiting it), richly describes his victory over the Alchon Huns.
9. Amoghavarsha, Greatest of the Rashtrakuta emperors. His reign of 64 years is among the longest reigns in Indian history. The empire reached its zenith during his time. Wrote Kavirajamarga, earliest work in Kannada and known as "Ashoka of the South" for his religious tolerance.
10. Suhal Dev, the legendary king of Shravasti. He is famous for defeating the Ghaznavid General Ghazi Salar Saiyyad Masud at the Battle of Bahraich.
11. Chand Bibi, the regent of Bijapur and Ahmednagar during the Bahamani Sultanate Period. A warrior princess, she is famous for the Defence of Ahmednagar of 1595 against the invading armies of Emperor Akbar.
12. Marthanda Varma, the ruler and the maker of Modern Travancore in Kerala. He is forever remembered for the Battle of Colachel of 1741, where he defeated the Dutch. This is the earliest example of an Asian power defeating the Europeans. The Dutch never recovered.
13. Rani Abbaka Chowta of Ullal. The Queen of the city of Ullal in Tulunadu area of Karnataka, she defeated the Portuguese on several occasions and defended her territory for over 40 years.
14. Rana Hammir Singh. The king of Mewar, Rajasthan, he defeated the invading Tuglaq armies and according to legend, even took Mohammed Bin Tuglaq prisoner. Mewar remained the only kingdom in north which refused to bow to the Turkic invasions.Rana Pratap belongs to his dynasty
15. Lachit Borphukan, the Ahom general who defeated the Mughals in the famous Battle of Saraighat of 1671. Aurungzeb's armies abandoned any hopes of ever occupying Assam after this naval debacle.
16. Nagabhata I, the founder of the Gurjara Pratihara dynasty. He is known to have defeated the Arab Invasions of Sindh and defeated the governors of Ummayud Caliph during their raid over Ujjain.
There are many more rulers who have been forgotten by mainstream history. Madurai Tirumala Nayaka , Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath, Rani Rudramadevi, Raja Ram Jat and Churaman, Rudradaman, Hoysala Vishnvardhana, Lakshmikarna of the Kalachuris, Chandela King Dhanga. The list is endless.
Indian history is often taught as a linear narrative of what happened along the banks of Ganga/Sindhu. From the Indus Valley/Vedic Age to the Battle of Plassey. But our history is rich and varied. Take time to read about these kings who often decided India's destiny. The end.
This was mistakenly as the Kalyani Chalukyas. Pulakeshi was from the Badami Chalukya line. Error regretted.
The Maratha victory over the Portuguese in 1739 predated Colachel. My tweet should have read 'one of the earliest examples'.
Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh.

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