Day 10 of the Julian #Assange extradition hearing begins.

Live updates in this thread:
First witness to testify is Prof. Dr. Christian Grothoff. Grothoff is Professor for Computer Science at the Bern University of Applied Sciences. His testimony pertains to the issue of unredacted cables. #Assange
Defense begins examining witness. Mark Summers QC asks Grothoff about the file accessible to Guardian journalist David Leigh. Grothoff confirms that this file was encrypted and could only have been opened with the right password.
This password was published in David Leigh's book. The password of the encrypted file could not be changed, once someone had it there's essentially nothing you could do to restrict access.
Grothoff explains that soon thereafter the WikiLeaks domain experienced a slew of distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, causing their DNS providers to cut off service to @wikileaks. As a result several mirrors of the site sprung up. #Assange
To combat this, @wikileaks issued a public guide on how to create mirrors of the site, to make sure it stayed online.……
Grotfhoff explains that a small number of these mirrors may have contained a copy of the encrypted cables but were essentially useless without the password – until David Leigh published it in his book.
Grothoff refers to an article in Der Freitag, which first told of an "outdated password" published in David Leigh's book. People put two and two together, went looking for it and unlocked the cables. There was nothing #Assange could do at this point.…
Prosecution now rises to cross-examine the witness.
Grothoff is being asked about the materials and documents provided to him by the defense and their respective timeline. Grothoff asserts that these articles are all in the public domain and legitimate.
Prosecution is attempting to paint the witness as biased again, directly challenging his impartiality.
Prosecution is citing an open letter from @wikileaks
that Grothoff signed, calling on @realDonaldTrump
to pardon #Assange. Apparently this is supposed to incriminate him as being biased.
Grothoff says he doesn't remember signing the letter but regardless, by no means does it diminish his expert opinion or make him any less impartial in regards to the technical matters of the case.
Asked whether he personally looked at files, Grothoff says he did as part of his research and he obtained them via Cryptome.
Asked how many people @wikileaks disclosed the encryption key to, Grothoff replies he has no idea but that perhaps putting it in a book as @davidleighx did might have done the trick.
Prosecution asks Grothoff if it's true that ~50 NGOs and outlets were given access to the cables?

Grothoff: correct, however, each was only given limited access. David Leigh is one of few people who had unrestricted access to full set and he published the pw
Regarding the timeline of events, Grothoff replies to the prosecutor that he is not aware when exactly @wikileaks became aware of the password being published in @davidleighx's book.
Grothoff also quotes from @davidleighx's book: "It had been a struggle to prise these documents out of #Assange" underlining his reluctance to give access, as opposed to what the prosecution is alleging.
Grothoff: mass-mirroring the @wikileaks site without the encrypted file would've been smart to obfuscate location of ones that did contain it. Would be like burying a needle in a haystack by building more haystacks.
Link to Der Freitag article mentioned above (in German).…
Earlier the prosecution was saying the article talks about data being "circulated on the internet" and no mention of a mirror. Grothoff replies that it's essentially the same thing and "circulating" in this case likely means @wikileaks mirrors. #Assange…
Discussion about tweets from Nigel Parry establishing the time and date of light bulb moment realizing the password in @davidleighx's book decrypted the cables and their subsequent release.

There was some confusion about the date and time zone differences.
Prof. Grothoff asserts that what's clear is @wikileaks didn't publish first. Cryptome and Yoshimo (via Torrent) dropped decrypted and unredacted cables around 14 hours before WikiLeaks published anything.
Prosecution still trying to blame @wikileaks and #Assange for having a more accessible/searchable format of the leaks and also "amplifying" the story, thus making it allegedly 'more visible'. Wikileaks replaced the password with XXXX's in editorial.
@davidleighx's bright idea of using the password to decrypt the cables as the title for one his chapters. #Assange
Prosecution have finished cross-examination.

Defense resumes examination of expert witness Prof. Grothoff.
Grothoff reaffirms that Leigh was given password by #Assange. Password to the entire archive was not given to other media partners participating in redactions.
Grothoff reminds court that Leigh was only given the password reluctantly by #Assange. Leigh badgered Assange and said he'd probably be on his way to Guantanamo Bay in an orange jumpsuit before they published anything.
Grothoff, being an expert in computer security, asserts it's quite common putting sensitive materials on a temp server as long as they're encrypted because they're useless without the password to decrypt them. Banks and hospitals do this regularly.
Grothoff could not find any examples at all of the password being disclosed prior to publication of @davidleighx's book. #Assange
Grothoff: if there are websites that mirror the encrypted file containing unredacted cables, they most likely used custom software to mirror @wikileaks, perhaps collecting a hidden directory along the way. Nonetheless, that's of their own doing, not per WikiLeaks' instructions.
Defense wants to refute the prosecution's narrative that @wikileaks' editorial allegedly gave away the password (which was replaced by a string of X's) or allegedly got the story to blow up, since the editorial mentioned disclosed neither the password nor the filename. #Assange
Going back to the open letter calling on Trump to close the Grand Jury: the defense highlights the fact it was signed not just by Grothoff, but also by a swath of former military and intelligence officials, members of parliament, observers, etc.

Prof. Christian Grothoff's testimony is concluded.
If #Assange and @wikileaks hadn't condemned @davidleighx's disclosure of the pw, the prosecution would be saying "why were you silent?".

Assange even tried warning HRC and was told to "call back in a few hours".

Damned if you do, damned if you don't.

Court resumes from lunch.

Defense want investigative journalist Andy Worthington to testify. He has done extensive work on Gitmo and would speak about the torture detainees have undergone. #Assange
Keeping in line with their inability to empathize with other human beings; the prosecution retorts "it's irrelevant".

Just as they objected last week to the witness statement of Khaled El-Masri (tortured by CIA), they continue to dodge any acknowledgement of US crimes. #Assange
Lewis, objecting to testimony from @GuantanamoAndy, complains that all the witnesses sound repetitive.

Nice of the prosecution to admit there is broad consensus among seasoned journalists, human rights lawyers, constitutional litigators and IT experts that this trial is wrong.
Small break while we wait for defense and prosecution to agree on a list of witnesses who will testify and those who will submit written statements.
(Warning, graphic)

Judge Baraitser tells the defense she will not make a ruling on detainees being tortured in Gitmo, despite this being established in the Committee Study of the CIA's Detention and Interrogation Program…
More time needed to finalize witness list. Court adjourned til 4pm local time.
The European Court of Human Rights also acknowledged in its ruling of AL NASHIRI v. POLAND that torture was taking place at Guantanamo Bay…
Prosecution and the defense have agreed to read Cassandra Fairbanks' @CassandraRules statement into the record but will not be questioning her. She is a Trump supporter but prosecution accuse her of bias for also being a supporter of Assange.
Fairbanks @CassandraRules states she was part of DM group involving Arthur Schwartz. He told her under direct orders from Trump: #Assange would be charged with @xychelsea's leaks & former US Amb. to Germany Richard Grenell would get Ecuador to withdraw Assange's asylum plea.
Fairbanks @CassandraRules communicated this to Assange in person. She became aware that the embassy was under surveillance. Two weeks later #Assange was evicted from the embassy and arrested. Schwartz also reportedly told her that #Assange and Manning "deserved to die".
Court is adjourned for the day.
Will be going live in a bit to do a full video summary:

Thanks for supporting independent journalism:
Just wanted to make clear the timeline here: mass-mirroring started in December 2010. This is before the password was published in Leigh’s book in February 2011.

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Richard Medhurst

Richard Medhurst Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @richimedhurst

20 Oct
BREAKING: The illegal US military base in al Tanf, Syria has been hit by a drone attack.
It was reported that the two israeli air strikes that bombed Syria last week, south of Palmyra, came from the direction of the base.
Moreover, 14 Syrian military personnel were killed this morning in Damascus by bombs planted on a bus.
Sky News Arabic says that according to a US military official from CENTCOM there were no casualties.
Reports that multiple drones hit the base, not just one.
Read 7 tweets
20 Oct
Today marks ten years since Gaddafi was murdered by NATO-backed rebels. The objective: to steal Libya's resources, and prevent African nations from adopting their own single currency, thereby threatening Western hegemony. My latest:…
"Gaddafi transformed Libya from one of the poorest countries on Earth into a rich, self-sufficient state, all while managing a tribal society in a country home to the largest oil reserves in Africa."
"During his 42 years in power, he increased the country’s literacy rate from 25% to 88%. Libyans enjoyed free healthcare, education, and a high standard of living. Electricity and gas were cheap, and the country was guaranteed a strong social safety net and welfare programs."
Read 10 tweets
20 Oct
BREAKING: terrorist attack in Damascus has killed 14 military personnel. Three wounded.
Military source tells SANA two bombs were planted on the bus itself. A third device was defused by army engineers. The explosion took place in central Damascus near Hafez Al Assad bridge.
Not clear if this is related, but a few hours after the blast there was shelling in Idlib province— the last terrorist stronghold in the country.
UNICEF says 4 children and a teacher on the way to school among the dead.
Read 5 tweets
18 Oct
🔴 Nasrallah: "After WW2, the French resistance went after thousands of French collaborators for working with the Nazi occupation. When the israelis left south Lebanon, we did not hurt a single person, even though they collaborated with the israelis."
"The biggest threat to Christians in Lebanon is the Lebanese Forces party and its leader.”
Nasrallah straight up telling LF to sit tf down and behave 😂. I'll add more translations and bits of the speech shortly.

Read 8 tweets
18 Oct
Mass murderer and war criminal Colin Powell, who lied to the United Nations and the world about WMDs in Iraq, leading to the death and displacement of millions of Iraqis; who helped destroy the Middle East under George Bush’s neocon administration, has just died. Image
In 1968, US troops massacred around 500 Vietnamese civilians. Some were mutilated and gang raped.
Tasked with investigating claims of mistreatment by US soldiers, Colin Powell wrote back then “relations between Americal Division soldiers and the Vietnamese people are excellent.” ImageImage
Read 4 tweets
14 Oct
"Heavy clashes in Beirut" is a weird way of saying that Hezbollah and Amal protestors were shot at by snipers.
People went out today to protest peacefully against a judge involved in the investigation of the Beirut port explosion. Snipers began firing at the protestors with clear intent to kill, not disperse, as the casualties have head wounds. 3 dead, 20 wounded as of now.
Amal movement + Hezbollah have released an official statement condemning the attack, asking people not to retaliate, in order to avoid escalation. For there are some who would surely favor that and like to plunge Lebanon into chaos...
Read 8 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!