1. I think some people are about to find out that we didn’t join the Common Market for the trade. (Thread) Image
2. The truth is, as the curtain on the British Empire began to fall, the UK were not quite ready to step down from the main stage of world affairs.
3. The neutrality of some of the EFTA and Commonwealth countries meant that neither could provide a solution to our loss of influence, and it was felt that the economic draw of superpowers could further undermine it. Image
4. Harold Macmillan wanted to create a third force in the world, but his vision didn’t end there. He envisaged a grand Western alliance. Image
5. He was able to sell this vision to JFK who laid it out in his Interdependence speech of 1962: “We do not regard a strong and united Europe as a rival, but a partner”.
6. And when the UK’s application was vetoed, Macmillan was clearly frustrated that his attempts to “strengthen Western Europe in a way that would spread out all over the free world” had come to an end.
7. By the time the UK applied again, it was Harold Wilson who would declare “Together we can ensure that Europe plays in world affairs the part which the Europe of today is not at present playing”. Image
8. Increasing political influence in wold affairs is one of the biggest arguments put forward for joining. It can be found in the arguments of Peter Kirk, and the maiden speech of Winston Churchill’s grandson. ImageImage
9. George Brown, Duncan Sandys, Michael Howard, Dick Taverne, and Christopher Chataway all made the political influence argument.
10. Not to mention the Prime Minister who promoted the future political benefits of the Common Market throughout the negotiation.

There was no reason to make this all about trade. Image
11. The government's 1971 Whitepaper stipulated that the six intended to develop common action and common policies, not only in economic affairs, but also in matters of foreign policy. Image
12. And with the signature still wet and eleven months before the treaty was ratified, the UK was already involved in the foreign policy coordination. Image
13. With good reason, because the Soviet Union has asked to come to the European table and the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe wasn’t far off. Image
14. Eleven months later, the UK were not only aware of the benefits of the D’Avignon Committee, but they spoke of the additional influence they believed they had experienced through simply being associated with the European Community. Image
15. Cooperation in foreign policy was included in the Queen’s speech a year later. Image
16. And the Conservative manifesto of the following year describes how the Community has provided a “new dimension and a new voice in world affairs”. Image
17. When Labour came to power, they declared that the European Community had, in effect, become a main ‘driving force’ at the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe. Image
18. Consequently, at the end of 1974 the nine countries agree to take foreign policy coordination further. Image
19. And the government open up the referendum with a White paper reiterating Harold Wilson’s statement of 1967.

It's about the influence it could, and should, exert. Image
20. Stating that if we leave we would no longer participate in the Communities ‘political co-ordination machinery’ which would make it more difficult to pursue British interests. Image
21. UK influence is an argument for every party leader.

Harold Wilson is worried about losing it. Image
22. Margaret Thatcher believed that the European Community was going to be working in much closer harmony on the great world affairs.
23. Jeremy Thorpe believed that the British people should apply a test on how Britain could exert its influence, when deciding how to vote. Image
24. Influence features in the campaign literature. ImageImageImageImage
25. And the argument can be found being made by James Callaghan, Roy Jenkins, Reginald Maudling, and a very young Conservative by the name of Michael Fallon. ImageImageImageImage
26. Edward Heath makes the argument that this 'greatest political grouping in the world' is how the UK can be effective in a world of superpowers.
27. And Edward Heath went as far as to refer to the political influence argument as the “Supreme issue”. Selling the European Community, not as a trade bloc, but a power bloc. Image
28. 'Power bloc' isn’t my term, it’s the one used by Roy Lynk, who, along with Patt Betts, managed to understand that the ‘Common Market’ was about more than just trade, and after just 8 years of being told it was about more than just trade through every medium known to mankind.
29. It wasn’t the trade of a trade bloc we joined for but the power of a power bloc, and leaving the EU means, inevitably, we have given up some defensive power. Image
30. Leaving the EU also means we have given up some offensive power. Image
31. Foreign policy initiatives are likely to be more expensive. Image
32. And some initiatives are probably now going to be in the hands of the USA, Russia, China, France, and Germany. Image
33. We aren’t going to be at the top table. Image
34. Not to mention, with the loss of influence that comes with leaving the EU, breaking international law only further undermines the UK's ability to be involved in a war of words Image
35. Any special relationship is only as good as what you’re prepared to put into it. Image
36. And while the Atlantic Alliance may have taken a hit in recent years, a change this year could see the partnership getting back on track. ImageImage
37. Especially if things continue to escalate, because there is a natural partner in this, and it is not the UK. Image
38. When the UK joined the Common Market it was to increase our influence in an Atlantic partnership, and one of the results of a vote to leave was that we would be losing influence and abandoning that possible Atlantic partnership. Image
39. Circumstances in the world may bring about a resurgence of that partnership, but we have opted to no longer take centre stage.
40. This is a result of the referendum, and it's one of the results the winners are going to have to learn to accept.

\End

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More from @EmporersNewC

4 Dec
1. Well if someone hadn’t removed the context and allowed people like Clair Fox to interpret it in the context of her beliefs, then maybe things would have gone better today. (Thread)

2. Because when I read the article you posted, from the context it was presented, I believed that it was a big admission that the push to stay in the EU led to the hardest of Brexit.
3. Then when I read through it, it was about strategic mistakes which I didn’t think are overly controversial.
Read 26 tweets
4 Dec
I thought all those covert marches and the largest petition in history were all under the radar. 🙄

More attacks on Remain today by @jillongovt and @anandMenon1. Is this gong to become a feature?
Just to remind you that Jill's name is on a paper proposing a "Reverse Ukraine" deal.

Does anyone want to know how that works?

Because it doesn't.
In the Ukraine model over time the EU and it's partner get together to agree how they will work more closely together by mutual consent.
Read 13 tweets
2 Dec
Originally Harry came in with false law, and now he is arguing that we would have been held back because the EU countries agreed to take the longer route, but we didn't have to agree...

The whole argument is based around ignoring the counterfactual. These people are imbeciles.
Apart from the fact this is disingenuous because most of the response was down to a rubbish take on the regulation restrictions, which has been quietly swept under the table.
It just ignores the fact we weren't in the room when the decision was made. We don't know what the decision would have been had we been in the room.
Read 9 tweets
2 Dec
France "and other hardline countries". There is only 27 of them. How hard are they to list?

I'd expect more from the newspaper that have been announcing an imminent EU army for the last 11 years.
(I may have just made up that 11 years, but it goes back to some declaration or other before 2010, and they did report that particular event objectively to be fair.)
This is my favourite from the country who have shouted "We're prepared to walk away" for the last 4 years, and I don't remember anyone calling them out and saying "Well that will be a significant miscalculation".

Read 4 tweets
20 Nov
The sign of a weak Prime minister. The honourable resign their posts while the dishonourable keep theirs.
If the press focus on Priti over this, in a week we'll be being told "we have moved on", but if they focus on failure of the Prime minister to sack her, things might be very different.
The Prime minister wants to be seen as a Churchill, while actually just being spoilt, entitled, and lazy. He knows he is all of those things, but insists on trying to cultivate this Churchillian figure who will see us through Brexit.
Read 8 tweets
12 Nov
1. Hello, tonight’s thread is going to be focused on the recent article by @anandMenon1 and @jillongovt about how we ended up outside the Single Market.
2. It makes various claims which have merit, and some, like the EU’s attitude to bespoke deals, which are inaccurate, but it’s biggest failing is not recognising how the media is the main actor in this.
3. At the start of the referendum the government were very clear we would have the vote and then they would look at the various options available.

(They were required to publish those options as part of the referendum act 2015).
Read 43 tweets

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