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Sep 30, 2020 8 tweets 7 min read Read on X
#tdih 1919 #RedSummer Black sharecroppers met in Elaine, Arkansas to organize for fair pay for cotton. More than 100 of them were massacred by white supremacists. 12 Black men were sentenced to death for the "riots." #terrorism #teachoutsidetextbook zinnedproject.org/news/tdih/elai…
Elaine Massacre 1919. Textbooks barely mention Red Summer, and when they do, they "downplay both racism and Black resistance, while distorting facts in a dangerous 'both sides' framing." Read "If We Knew Our History" essay below by @LadyOfSardines

"The terrible 'crime' these men had committed was to organize their members into a union for the purpose of getting the market price for their cotton." -- Ida B. Wells in a booklet she wrote called "The Elaine Riot." Read primary doc in full online here: archive.org/details/TheArk… Image
The Encyclopedia of Arkansas provides detailed description with photos and primary docs of 1919 Elaine Massacre and subsequent trial of "Elaine 12" (Black men convicted for massacre by whites). Photo: Elaine 12 attorney Scipio Africanus Jones #tdih Read: encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/e… Attorney Scipio Africanus J...
Read about role of the @NAACP, Ida B Wells, and the Black press (including Chicago Defender) and white press during 1919 Elaine Massacre and trial of Elaine 12 at @BlackPastOnline here blackpast.org/african-americ… Ida B. Wells
Black WWI vets' "achievement and success actually provoked more rage and more vitriol than if they had utterly failed.” -- Adriane Lentz-Smith, author of "Freedom Struggles: African Americans and WWI" via
@SmithsonianMag #ElaineMassacre #tdih 1919 smithsonianmag.com/history/death-…
Teach about impact of 1919 #ElaineMassacre (and so many more) on economic rights and the legacy today of Black dispossession (of land, right to organize, businesses, schools). #Reparations See article & lesson ⬇️ by Linda Christensen of @RethinkSchools zinnedproject.org/if-we-knew-our…
The Elaine Massacre is one of countless massacres in U.S. history designed to suppress voting rights, land ownership, labor rights, education, and more of African Americans. Time to teach about the demand for reparations. See lesson for grades 7+ below.


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More from @ZinnEdProject

Dec 4, 2023
#tdih 1969. Assassination of Fred Hampton and Mark Clark -- shot to death by police in their Chicago apartment. #terrorism

Read more ⬇️ and find lessons (free via ZEP) to teach about the Black Panther Party, COINTELPRO, and police. #TeachTruth 🧵
See “The Assassination of Fred Hampton: How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther,” an interview with lawyer Jeffery Haas (co-founder of the People’s Law Office) on @democracynow ⬇️
Teach about this history with lesson below by Ursula Wolfe-Rocca.

"Through examining FBI documents, students learn the scope of the FBI’s COINTELPRO campaign to spy on, infiltrate, discredit, and disrupt all corners of the Black Freedom Movement."
Read 4 tweets
Sep 29, 2023
You know of '63 March on Washingon.

Now read about #tdih 1951 protest by Black women in Sojourners for Truth & Justice. Their manifesto “A Call to Negro Women” listed grievances at racial terrorism, S. African apartheid, US militarism, colonialism.⬇️ 🧵
"We can not, must not, and will no longer in sight of God or man sit by & watch our lives destroyed by an unreasonable & unreasoning hate that metes out to us every kind of death it is possible for a human being to die." -- Lorraine Hansberry, reading manifesto to crowd
Read a free online zine with essays about the significance of the Sojourners for Truth and Justice in the development of Black feminism and the legacy of Black women freedom fighters.

Access below, by @drashleyfarmer & Mariame Kaba @prisonculture.
Read 4 tweets
Sep 15, 2023
💔#tdih 1963 Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson, & Addie Mae Collins – all 14 yrs old, & 11-yr-old Denise McNair were murdered in terrorist bombing.

A 5th child, Sarah Collins Rudolph, was severely injured.

Learn more & find teaching resources on link ⬇️
Two boys were murdered that same day in Birmingham: 16-yr-old Johnny Robinson & 13-yr-old Virgil Ware. 💔

"Let us also not labor under the illusion that this church bombing was an anomaly. During eight years prior. . ., there had been 21 bombings in Birmingham. " -- Angela Davis Photos in black and white of the faces of two young Black boys, somber expressions, looking at the camera. 16-yr-old Johnny Robinson & 13-yr-old Virgil Ware
". . . A broader way of thinking about justice in . . . Birmingham bombing would require, 1st of all, a fuller understanding of the event & its historical context . . ." Angela Davis via @democracynow
(Note how soon after Aug. 28 '63 March on Washington.)
Read 5 tweets
Sep 11, 2023
#tdih Sept. 11, we share a 🧵 of tragic anniversaries incl. at Attica Prison, 50th anniv. of U.S. backed coup in Chile, Myrna Mack murder in Guatemala, attacks on WTC & Pentagon, more. And "Whose 'Terrorism'?" lesson.

In their memory, let us teach & work for peace & justice.
#tdih 1851 Horrific Fugitive Slave Act met with resistance by armed African Americans in Christiana, Penn. who successfully defended four Black people from capture, serving as a catalyst for further armed self-defense within abolitionist movement. ⬇️
#tdih 1971 Prisoners at Attica presented a manifesto consisting of 28 demands to NY State officials.

They were in midst of uprising (9/9 - 9/13) that ended in brutal repression.

Teaching resources ⬇️, including primer on Attica from @projectnia
Read 12 tweets
Sep 9, 2023
#tdih Stono Rebellion (1739), Association for the Study of African American Life and History @ASALH founding (1915), Attica Prison Uprising (1971).

Read about each event in 🧵 ⬇️& consider the connection between all three.

Defend right to #TeachTruth #TeachOutsideTextbook

Man (Carter Woodson) wearing suit, looking at camera, at desk with papers.
Men standing and seated outside. One man has a blanket around him. Brick walls and bars behind them.
Marker for Stono Rebellion says: (on front) The Stono Rebellion, the largest slave insurrection in British North America, began nearby on September 9, 1739. About 20 Africans raided a store near Wallace Creek, a branch of the Stono River. Taking guns and other weapons, they killed two shopkeepers. The Rebels marched south toward promised freedom in Spanish Florida, waving flags, beating drums, and shouting "Liberty!"
#tdih 1739 in British colony of SC, a man named Jemmy along with 20 more Africans organized a rebellion (one of many) against institution of slavery on banks of Stono River.

A true revolution for independence.

More ⬇️ with teaching resources.
#tdih 1915 @ASALH founded by Carter G. Woodson & Jesse E. Moorland to promote, research, preserve, interpret, & disseminate information about Black life, history, & culture to global community.

Read "Fugitive Pedagogy."

In DC, visit @WoodsonNHS ⬇️

Read 4 tweets
Sep 3, 2023
"I shall neither fawn nor cringe before any party, nor stoop to beg them for my rights. You may expel us, gentlemen, but I firmly believe that you will some day repent it." -Henry M. Turner #tdih 1868 when Georgia denied elected Black reps their seats 🧵⬇️
"The Black man cannot protect a country, if the country doesn’t protect him; and if, tomorrow, a war should arise, I would not raise a musket to defend a country where my manhood is denied." -- Henry McNeal Turner

#tdih 1868 #TeachReconstruction @vph
“It’s time for a new Reconstruction story [to] . . . better understand how we got here. A story where the central characters are the Black people who fought to liberate themselves. . . despite every attempt at violent suppression.” — @KidadaEWilliams ⬇️
Read 5 tweets

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