1 of 11: Operation Market Garden lesson 20 of 20: Character matters, particularly at the senior level.  Let’s take a look the two main actors in Market Garden -- Eisenhower and Montgomery – and how their individual characters manifest in this tragedy
2 of 11: Ike missed WWI. After the Great War, he spent operational time in the Philippines as MacArthur's chief of staff & assistant adviser to the Philippine govt on military matters. This was an unstable period wherein the dangers of guerilla warfare loomed large in his memory.
3 of 11: Partly as a result of this experience, Ike favored a coordinated offensive along a broad front, where Allied mass, logistical expertise, & unrelenting pressure would not only push back the Germans but leave few pockets of resistance to disrupt the Allied comms zone.
4 of 11: Montgomery, in contrast, saw significant action in WWI as a junior officer. In fact. he was shot through chest by a sniper near the Belgian border.
5 of 11: His operational experience was in northern Africa in WWII, racing back and forth across the desert of Libya in pursuit of, and chased by, Erwin Rommel.
6 of 11: Both Ike and Monty favored the kind of operations they had experienced: Eisenhower leaned toward well supported, persistent operations that worn down the enemy; Montgomery championed rapid penetration that seized the initiative and forced an enemy's hand.
7 of 11: Montgomery's strategic plan was to rapidly seize Rhine bridges and immediate drive toward Berlin, something Eisenhower thought was infeasible.  Montgomery in turn thought that Eisenhower was excessively cautious.
8 of 11: Montgomery demanded to be designated as the main effort and have priority for logistical support. He even made an end run around Eisenhower directly to Prime Minister Churchill and through Churchill to President Roosevelt.
9 of 11: For a variety of reasons, Eisenhower compromised, reluctantly giving Montgomery his opportunity to win the war by himself.
10 of 11: Eisenhower would provide limited priority for logistical support and priority of air support to Montgomery for the planned operations, but would not curtail concurrent operations across the entire French boundary to satisfy Montgomery's demands.
FINAL: Who was right, who was wrong, who planned well, and who planned poorly can be debated. The point is that Eisenhower and Montgomery were men of decidedly different characters. In this campaign, their tragic ambition had a definite impact.

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with XVIII Airborne Corps

XVIII Airborne Corps Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @18airbornecorps

9 Oct
1 of 5: We're on the final day of our Tragic Ambition series. Before we close out, we'll unveil the final 5 lessons for @USArmy leaders from Operation Market Garden.
2 of 5: Lesson 1⃣6⃣ [this one is not going to be popular with everyone] Don't be afraid to fire subordinates who either can't meet your intent or willfully refuse to.
3 of 5: Montgomery [who always thought he was the smartest guy in the room] openly disregarded and disrespected his senior British and American commander's since North Africa.
Read 5 tweets
8 Oct
Lesson 9

1 of 5:

Op Market Garden Lesson 9⃣of 20: Airborne & @usairforce must be SINGULARLY controlled by a joint commander and staff.
2 of 5:

By way of example, one of the best Airborne operations ever conducted in history was Operation Just Cause in 1989. XVIII Corps and supporting Air Force units under Lieutenant General Carl Stiner, corps commander, as the Joint Task Force Headquarters Commander.
3 of 5:

Stiner understood the limitations of the airborne forces was inserted. He also thought through the impact of resupply from the air on the operation.
Read 5 tweets
8 Oct
1 of 12:

Since tomorrow is our final day of Tragic Ambition, our commemoration of Operation #MarketGarden, we figured we'd give a bibliography of sorts. Let's go through some of the books we used throughout the series in the hopes that you'll let us know what you think of them.
2 of 12: Let's start here. This one was published 2 years ago to great reviews in the US. It's thorough (perhaps too detailed in its account of tactics) & makes a layered case of blame against Monty. The book has many critics & we'll let them voice their concerns in the replies.
3 of 12: This focuses on the US airborne units, giving life to the men of the @82ndABNDiv and the @101stAASLTDIV. In the US, A Bridge Too Far ( book & the movie) dominates the OMG landscape, but McManus offers new voices [& extends the story out through November].
Read 8 tweets
4 Oct
1 of 7

As part of our Tragic Ambition series, b/w now & end of Friday we're giving you 2⃣0⃣ lessons for @USArmy leaders from Op Market Garden.

Here's Lesson 2⃣: An understanding of the op environment must drive any plan. The plan must NOT come first.
2 of 7

Montgomery believed that his dramatic maneuver, a swift penetration deep into the heart of Germany, would win despite all the risks associated. Thus, he developed his plan without an understanding of environment [the environment serving as the context for that approach.]
3 of 7

Here are 5 elements a clear-eyed study of the operational environment would have revealed:
Read 7 tweets
4 Oct
1 of 4: OMG Lesson 1⃣: No plan should be so inflexible that it cannot be adjusted at the last minute.
[As we close out our commemoration of Operation Market Garden, we'll offer 20 lessons from that operation for today's @USArmy leaders. These lessons will run until Oct. 9.]

👇 Image
2 of 4:

The Market Garden plan was hastily developed in less than a week, one of 18 separate plans developed in a span of 40 days that swamped headquarters staffs. Prior to D Day, intel began to appear about the possible presence of Panzer units around Arnhem. Image
3 of 4: The Allied staffs were swamped with all the hasty planning, cancelled ops, planning, cancelled ops and were unable to respond to this new info. Furthermore, the Market portion was sufficiently rigid that there was really no way to alter the insertion based on this intel. Image
Read 4 tweets
4 Oct
1 of 9: Today, on the 27th anniversary of the Battle of Mogadishu, we caught up with Matt Eversmann, the @75thRangerOMST Staff Sergeant who lead the daytime raid. Eversmann, of course, is immortalized in "Black Hawk Down" (he's played by Josh Hartnett).

Here's what he told us:
2 of 9: "Back then, in 1993, the @USArmy hadn't seen that kind of combat since Vietnam. It was so unique, dramatic, & brutal for that age. It's an odd contrast with today. I was just on @FtBraggNC & now we have these young soldiers have led troops in battle 3, 4, 5, or 6 times."
3 of 9: "We have kids today who are what we were. The faces change. The names change. But that grit is the same. That valor is the same. That love for one another is the same."
Read 9 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!