The Songhai Empire of 16th century in West Africa had a government position called ‘Minister for Etiquette and Protocol.’ And One of the government positions in the mediaeval Kanem-Borno kingdom was Astronomer Royal meaning that the central African civilizations had Astronomers.
To know more about Ancient African civilization and history check my likes tweet and follow me to see my future post.

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More from @Joe__Bassey

19 Nov
Ancient African Civilization (Astronomy)
Based on the translation of 14 Timbuktu ancient manuscripts, Timbuktu astronomical science during the 12th–16th centuries:
They made use of the Julian Calendar, Generally speaking they had a heliocentric view of the solar system. ImageImageImageImage
Diagrams of planets and orbits made use of complex mathematical calculations, Scientists developed an algorithm that accurately oriented Timbuktu to Mecca.
They recorded astronomical events, including a meteor shower in August 1583. ImageImageImageImage
At this time, Mali also had a number of astronomers including the emperor and scientist Askia Mohammad I, there is still teaching ongoing till date in Timbuktu. 🤗

The Dogon Tribe is a tribe in Mali specialise in Astronomy.
Here is the Men Traditional attire 📸third frame. ImageImageImage
Read 6 tweets
18 Nov
African King who Developed writing Alphabet for his Kingdom.
King Ibrahim Mbouombouo Njoya (1867-1933) of Bamum, Western Cameroon, he had 600 wives and 117 children, with fear that important historical facts of the Bamum could be erased/corrupted... ImageImage
He developed the Bamum alphabet of 70 symbols and a writing system to preserve his kingdom's oral history which the French later destroyed. Image
Njoya, as part of ways to ensure the written language was widely adopted, established schools and directed that the Bamum language is used as a form of instruction along with the German language.

Njoya was a very brilliant king who also invented a hand-powered corn grinder. Image
Read 8 tweets
17 Nov
Akwa Akpa Kingdom (Ata Akpa)
Akwa Akpa, known to European as Old Calabar or Duke Town, was an Efik city-state that flourished in the 17th to 19th century in what is now southern Nigeria. By the 19th Century they had become a power on the coast of the Bight of Biafra. ImageImageImageImage
The Efik speak a language in the Obolo subgroup of the Niger–Congo language group. Ancient Efik people engage mostly in trading fish, palm oil and palm wine in along the coast mostly with their Portuguese / kongo Kingdom in exchange for guns and clothing in the early 1600s. ImageImage
The Efiks created the Manillas Currency are form of money, an African civilization usually made of bronze or copper, which were being in used especially in West Africa and Africa, in the early 15th Cent. Image
Read 13 tweets
16 Nov
The Aksumite Empire
a trading empire centered in today Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Yemen and Somaliland. It existed approximately 400BCE -10 CentAD, growing from the Iron Age proto-Aksumite period c. fourth century BC to achieve prominence by the first century AD. ImageImageImageImage
Prospering thanks to agriculture, cattle herding, and control over trade routes which saw gold and ivory exchanged for foreign luxury goods, the empire's capital was located at Axum kingdom built lasting stone monuments and achieved a number of firsts. Image
It was the first sub-Saharan African state to mint its own coinage and, around 350 CE, the first to officially adopt Christianity. Axum even created its own script, Ge’ez, which is still in use in Ethiopia today. ImageImage
Read 12 tweets
16 Nov
African Sahara Desert History
The Sahara was once a lush and fertile environment sustaining a diversified human population, fauna, and flora, the Sahara experienced an irreversible process of desertification from 3000 BCE onward. ImageImageImageImage
Since then, two events significantly marked the history of the Sahara which is introduction of camel in the 1st cent. A.D. and facilitated occupation by nomads. Today Sahara is the largest desert in the world covering Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritnia, Morocco.. ImageImage
Niger, Sudan and Tunisia.
Scientists also discover that the Sahara Desert contained the world's largest lake named Mega Chad until it evaporated in just a few hundred years to what we have has lake Chad. ImageImage
Read 5 tweets
14 Nov
The Rise Of Warri Kingdom
The Kingdom of Warri is a traditional state based on the town of Warri in Delta State, Nigeria. Warri is an inland port on one of the Niger River channels in the Niger Delta. The Olu (king) of Warri is the head of the Itsekiri people.
According to Bini and Itsekiri histories Ginuwa, a prince of Benin founded the Iwerre (Warri) Kingdom about 1480. In the 15th century Warri was visited by Portuguese missionaries.
At the beginning of the 17th century, a son of the reigning Olu was sent to Portugal and returned with a Portuguese wife.
Read 8 tweets

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