Well well well, the mystery of what the signal on ~992.4MHz/~1000.44MHz and FM audio on ~998.94MHz from the Meridian satellites is resolved. It's SECAM TV channels from Turkmenistan. SECAM channel spacing is 8MHz and video carrier to audio carrier is 6.5MHz which matches.
I mused a few weeks about about the curious nature of the 15.625MHz sub-carriers around the primary.
Here you can find some info on the SECAM channel frequencies. Look up France, Eastern Europe, Former Soviet Union, French overseas territories and former French colonies in Africa, North Korea, Vietnam...
The Turkmen TV channel appears to be this one and there appears to be about a minute or less of lag on the Internet version compared to via the transponder: turkmentv.gov.tm/page/6?from=1
You may ask why this is an analogue broadcast. It appears Turkmenistan hasn't converted to digital yet. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_d…
That should read 15.625KHz not MHz.
Turkmenistan has a big radio tower at 37.8629N, 58.2381E which is likely the source of this signal.


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More from @coastal8049

15 Dec 20
Steffan Watkins provided a wealth of AIS data from MarineTraffic about the journey of Yuan Wang 3 to the #Change5 re-entry skip point in the Arabian Sea. The data reveals that the ship did some interesting stop and goes prior to arriving on station to look at what? THREAD.
2020-12-10 UTC between 18:30 & 22:30, Mars was at the zenith when they stopped and set just before they got underway again. Perhaps providing support for TIANWEN-1 on the way to Mars?
2020-12-11 UTC between 14:20 & 22:05 more TIANWEN-1 watching at the zenith again it appears. The Mars bound probe has a big signal on X-band which is also used by #Change5.
Read 8 tweets
15 Dec 20
Here's a plot of an estimated ground track for the #Change5 re-entry.
This THREAD will discuss:
- Evidence supporting this ground track,
- Alternatives that have been excluded,
- 'Skip' re-entry profile visibility characteristics,
- State vector confirmation of timings/position.
Two possible re-entry ground tracks have been explored. The one presented is favoured because the tracking ship Yuan Wang 3 is now presently at the 'skip re-entry perigee'. Using AIS data dug up by @steffanwatkins the ship has been loitering in the area for a day or so now.
@Cosmic_Penguin noted the following graphics posted during pre-launch coverage of training efforts which showed the location of Yuan Wang 3 and the major re-entry event locations. Despite some oddness in the presented data the plan looks solid.
Read 14 tweets
14 Dec 20
I consulted with Astrogator Mike and we are getting closer to a ground track estimate for #Change5 during re-entry. The s/c will skip off the atmosphere over Yemen. The timing of this is directly related to TCM corrections and the accuracy of our model so should improve. THREAD
#Change5 like the Apollo capsules will use the atmosphere to steer itself. Thus creating a lot of complexity and uncertainty in modelling the actual ground track to aid observers. We are looking at a few ways to spit ball a ground track for those living in the general area.
As it will be night time over this part of the world it should be a spectacular show for those lucky enough to see it.
Read 4 tweets
16 Sep 20
I've reached the conclusion that LES-5 has a 'BAD ATTITUDE' or maybe its just being obstreperous! If you look carefully at this plot you'll see there are two nulls and peaks in the signal in a day. The gaps at the bottom/top eclipses, mid is me tracking something else. THREAD Image
LES-5's antenna system has a beam-width around 35 degrees. If the satellite can't keep it's spin axis parallel Earth's axis than if it tilts more than 17.5 degrees up or down signal levels will be noticeably different twice a day. Image
The tilt in LES-5's spin axis is called it's attitude. Controlled by a novel arrangement of electro-magnetics and an optical sensor system we have been studying in the telemetry. LES-5's attitude control system seems to have either completely failed or is only partially working. Image
Read 4 tweets
15 Sep 20
The mysterious Chinese payload [46395, 2020-063G] deployed by their suspected spaceplane just passed over me. I tracked with the dish and was rewarded with a huge signal. Evidence in data it may be tumbling. IQ recording made and heading your way @ea4gpz @R4UAB ImageImage
Here's the Doppler analysis of the full pass IQ data. Very unusual modulation for a Chinese satellite. ImageImageImage
With all this data bandwidth I wonder if this is the 21st century version of 'The East is Red' in digital format?
Read 6 tweets
14 Sep 20
Following the penumbral eclipse of LES-5 on 2020-09-05 I've been able to identify all of the data words that are sensitive to solar illumination. Interesting patterns noted may help gain some insight into the present operation of the attitude control system. [THREAD]
36 of 128 data words responded to the penumbral eclipse(PE). A PE is the only way to know which data words are sensitive to solar illumination as LES-5 switches off during umbral eclipses. PEs only occur twice during each equinox and it may not be visible to me. So I got lucky. Image
Now I was able to see what appeared as relatively undynamic data words reveal they were sensitive to solar illumination. Frame1 word23 and frame3 word23 jumped out as they appeared to respond to something relating to the period of the LES-5. ImageImage
Read 9 tweets

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