I have a few minutes before the Chauvin trial resumes, so a few observations from inside the courtroom today. Dr. Martin Tobin seemed to have the jury's full attention from start to finish today. When he talked, they listened. When the prosecution played a video, they watched.🧵
And when he made a major point, they took notes. A few samples: When Tobin said Floyd died from a low level of oxygen, or asphyxia, nearly every juror was taking notes.
When he went on to explain the cause of Floyd's low oxygen level was shallow breathing, the one juror who hadn't taken notes, started taking notes.
As Dr. Tobin explained how during the first five minutes Chauvin’s right knee was on Floyd’s arm and rammed into his left chest, most are still taking notes after he’s explained this.
As Tobin explained how the handcuffs were an extremely important factor, combined with the street, most were taking notes.
Then when Dr. Tobin explained how we breath, they were almost all watching the doctor, not taking notes, as he explained the pump handle and bucket handle.
An aside: during the sidebar over Nelson’s objection to a graphic, I’m surprised how many of the jurors immediately start chatting with one or two others. The way three of the jurors immediately started chatting you wonder what they’re discussing, since they’re strangers.
When the doctor begins demonstrating and inviting the jurors to find their Adam’s apple, etc. most of them did it, then took notes. After a sidebar, during which I assume Nelson questioned this, the judge told jurors they don’t have to do anything the witness instructs.
When the doctor continued, most of the jurors continued to do it to themselves anyway. When the doctor said all of Chauvin’s body weight was directed on Floyd’s neck when his toe was off the ground, most jurors wrote this down.
When the doctor said you can’t speak without your brain being active, Nelson asks for a sidebar and several jurors take notes, many continue to examine the illustration still on the video screens.
As they played a video on the calculation of Floyd’s lung volume while he’s sitting on the sidewalk, all jurors I could see (all but one) watched the video, and as the doctor was explaining somewhat complicated medical stuff about the ELV, the jurors all look at him and listen.
As Tobin explains why it’s not dangerous to sleep face down, but it can be fatal to deal with everything Floyd was dealing with, ending with that “then it’s a whole different kettle of fish,” most jurors took note — literally.
After Tobin says it doesn’t matter if Chauvin’s right knee was on Floyd’s back, neck, arm or side, most jurors write this down. After he explains the 43% reduction in ELV and how Floyd was fighting against the street, one juror appears to be looking directly at Chauvin.
Virtually all of the jurors took notes after Tobin said Chauvin kept the knee on more than three minutes after the doctor believes Floyd had no oxygen left.
When Tobin says it’s true that “if you can speak, you can breathe” but it gives an “enormous false sense of security” because that doesn’t mean you’ll be breathing five seconds later, one juror seems to nod her head in agreement.
When Tobin says if you stop the flow of oxygen, you lose consciousness in 8 seconds, and after video is played showing Floyd’s legs moving backwards, & Tobin says, “You’re seeing here fatal injury to the brain from a lack of oxygen,” almost all the jurors take notes.
As Tobin explains how Floyd’s carbon dioxide level went up exactly as much as you’d expect after a 9:50-minute gap after he took his last breath, almost all jurors took notes.
And when they played (Exhibit 404) with Floyd’s eyes flickering, and then Tobin says “so one second he’s alive, and one second he is no longer,” and says at 20:20:53 “That’s the moment the life goes out of his body” most jurors were writing; Chauvin was looking down.
Tobin explained how Floyd was moving his hips & rocking to try to get air, and the knee restraint continued 3:27 minutes after he stopped breathing, & 2:44 minutes after officers found no pulse. Then they did a sidebar; most jurors wrote notes rather than chatting. Back to court!

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More from @deenafaywinter

7 Apr
The prosecution has shown videos showing George Floyd was placed on the ground, handcuffed, at 8:19 p.m., stopped talking at 8:24:58 but Chauvin still had his knee on him about three minutes later and when paramedics walk up at 8:27:40 pm. Image
Chauvin's attorney, Nelson, confirms Reyerson was not implying the defense put drug pills in the police SUV when it searched them; he says no he's not. I think Nelson is just making sure the jury doesn't think that was implied in earlier testimony.
Reyerson acknowledges that he did not notice the pills in Floyd's Mercedes "out of the 750 photos I reviewed."
Read 25 tweets
7 Apr
LAPD use-of-force expert continues testimony today in the Derek Chauvin trial. He is starting now. Here's my story from yesterday: minnesotareformer.com/briefs/chauvin…
Sgt. Jody Stiger of the Los Angeles Police Department testifies that by his count, Minneapolis police officers restrained George Floyd for a total 9 minutes, 29 seconds. This figure has fluctuated since May 25, depending on who's counting.
This is when Sgt. Stiger begins counting, when the officers have taken Floyd out of the police SUV and put him on the ground, handcuffed, face down:
Read 31 tweets
6 Apr
Testimony resumes this afternoon in Derek Chauvin's trial with Minneapolis police officer Nicole Mackenzie, medical support coordinator for MPD: Image
Mackenzie testifies that officers shouldn’t just wait for paramedics to arrive, saying they should provide first aid — “if it’s a critical situation, you have to do both."
Mackenzie said if a person doesn’t have a pulse, officers should immediately start CPR. Says it's not true that “if you can talk, you can breathe,” saying “Just because they’re speaking doesn’t mean they’re breathing adequately.” (Re: comments officer made to Floyd and the crowd)
Read 23 tweets
6 Apr
George Floyd's passenger, Morries Hall, is appearing in court today via Zoom to try to quash a subpoena, saying he's invoking his 5th Amendment right against self-incrimination. His attorney says he has been offered no immunity, so that's why he's invoking the 5th.
His attorney says he would invoke the 5th re: any activities that took place before & after police arrived. There's an allegation that Floyd ingested controlled substances, and drugs have been found in the SUV they were in.
Hall’s attorney argues that requiring Hall to testify about that day puts him in proximity with George Floyd and exposes him to a third-degree murder charge.
Read 31 tweets
5 Apr
Getting ready to live-tweet another day of testimony in the #DerekChauvinTrial. Motions begin shortly. Here's my wrapup of testimony Friday: minnesotareformer.com/2021/04/02/mpd…
Today we *expect* to hear testimony from an ER physician, and possibly Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo.
Motions were supposed to begin at 8:30, but the courtroom reporter says the judge is discussing something with the attorneys this morning and ordered no audio/video. However, the 2 courtroom reporters were allowed to stay in the room & report on the matter later.
Read 77 tweets
31 Mar
Testimony resumes this morning from the off-duty firefighter who was out for a walk when she came upon George Floyd under the knee of Minneapolis police officers. It got tense yesterday between the defense attorney, judge and firefighter/EMT Genevieve Hansen:
Hansen is back; Chauvin's attorney asks just one more question: whether she showed any ID on the scene. Prosecutor asks whether she had any with her, which she did not.
Prosecutor asks a few questions and Hansen is done testifying. Next up: Christopher Martin, a 19-year-old man from Bloomington who lived above Cup Foods when Floyd died outside the store.
Read 79 tweets

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