A centuries old Principality.

A period of enlightenment.

But an unyielding autocrat takes power and a revolution gets triggered, bringing to end the old Principality.

Story in the evening ...
César-Constantin-François de Hoensbroeck was born in 1724 to Ulric Antoine de Hoensbroeck and Petronella Salome von Nesselrode. Hoensbroeck were a noble family from Limburg, but César de Hoensbroeck spend most of his life in Liège. 1/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A9sar-Constantin-Fran%C3%
He studied at Heidelberg and, after a brief stint at Aachen cathedral, was ordained as a priest in 1752 at Liège. Liège was, at the time, run by the Bavarian Prince, Johann Theodor von Wittelsbach, who was also the Prince-Bishop of Liège. 2/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince-Bishopric_of_Li%C3%A8ge
Prince-Bishopric of Liège was an ecclesiastical Principality of the Holy Roman Empire, one of the many scattered across the Empire. There was also a larger Diocese of Liège, over which the Prince-Bishop had only the ecclesiastical responsibilities of a Bishop. 3/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hochstift#/media/File:HRE_Diochttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince-Bishopric_of_Li%C3%A8ge
Liège had become a Principality in the 980s when German King Otto re-formed the Holy Roman Empire. Its Bishop Notger became the first Prince-Bishop of Liège and his successors as Bishop were imperial Princes of the Empire. 4/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Notker_of_Li%C3%A8ge#/media/Fi
The Prince-Bishopric gained the Counties of Loon and Horne over the centuries. In the meantime, the House of Valois-Burgundy, and later the House of Habsburg, consolidated the provinces in the region to form Seventeen Provinces. Liège had managed to stay out of it. 5/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seventeen_Provinces#/media/Fil
In 1772, François Charles de Velbrück became the new Prince-Bishop. He had extensive experience as a diplomat and in clergy. He undertook many reforms in Liège, updating the laws and improving access to education. 6/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fran%C3%A7ois-Charles_de_Velbr
Velbrück died in 1784 and it was Hoensbroeck who became the new Prince-Bishop. Hoensbroeck reversed many of his predecessor's reforms, making him unpopular. As the discontent rose, an event in 1789 France had an impact on Liège. 7/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Revolution#/media/File:
A month after Bastille was stormed, revolution reached Liège. Hoensbroeck's officers were captured or removed and a Republic was proclaimed. A year later, César de Hoensbroeck fled from Liège and took refuge in the Empire. 8/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li%C3%A8ge_Revolution#/media/F
The Republic was short lived though, after Habsburg forces captured Liège in 1791 and brought back Hoensbroeck. Hoensbroeck, however, died the next year and was succeeded as Prince-Bishop by his nephew, François de Méan. 9/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Li%C3%A8ge#/media/
However, popular opinion remained against the Prince-Bishop. In 1795, France annexed Liège ending the existence of the Prince-Bishopric. After the collapse of the French Empire, most of its area would end up in Netherlands, and later in Belgium after 1830. 10/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belgian_Revolution#/media/File

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Ranjith Kollannur

Ranjith Kollannur Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @Arby_K

22 Nov
The first King of England, who captured Danish ruled England and ruled as King from 927 to 939. But he was not the lone contributor in uniting the English into a nation. 1/4

(Come to think of it, England is pretty young, from an Indian perspective. :) )
His aunt, Æthelflæd, played a crucial role in making inroads into the Danish ruled England. Æthelstan's father, King Eadweard, united most of English ruled England, while his grandfather, Ælfred, put a stop to Danish expansion. 2/4

Amusingly, an old Encyclopaedia that my dad had has got an earlier King of the West Saxons (Wessex) as the first King of England. 3/4
Read 4 tweets
20 Nov
"no one cares about a library collection as much as the person who has assembled it" - Something anyone who has bought more books than they have read will be able to relate easily. 1/9
My dad's was the first library I had seen, brought back after his stint in UAE till 1988. Over the years, he has given away many of the books and these are all that remains.

Ironically, I have not read most of these books, though these would inspire to make my own bookshelf. 2/9
The rare exception would be this one, which I would scour through for Roman Emperors when I was 10. It was perhaps my earliest exposure to History along with Asterix and Tintin. (We had just begun to learn History in school). 3/9
Read 9 tweets
19 Nov
Rivers can be centres of civilizations.

But they can also be the battleground for civilizations.

A land named after a river, fights for its independence.

Story in the evening ...
Bogdan was born sometime in the 14th century. He appears to have been of Vlach origin and from the Hungarian province of Maramureş near the Eastern Carpathian mountains. The Carpathian mountains served as a boundary for the Kingdom of Hungary. 1/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bogdan_I_of_Moldavia#/media/Fi
Not far east of the Carpathians was the Mongol Empire, but by the middle of the 14th century they had been divided and their control waning. The Mongols had invaded Hungary in the 1280s, but they were pushed back at the time. 2/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongol_Empire#/media/File:Monghttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Horde#/media/File:Mongo
Read 11 tweets
18 Nov
Mother Tongue or the choice of first language has been a sensitive topic over the past two centuries as regions, independent or not, have been divided on linguistic grounds. But languages are beasts that evolve over time. 1/11

Are You My Mother Tongue? laphamsquarterly.org/roundtable/are…
However, there is one significant occasion when the people adopted a foreign language - When the Western Roman Empire collapsed and various Germanic tribes formed nations out of its former provinces, many of them adopted the language of Rome - Latin. 2/11 https://cdn.britannica.com/42/2042-050-BB63526C/Distribution
But Latin evolved into different languages partly due to physical and political boundaries, while languages of German origin remain strong north of Rome's Danube-Rhine border and in Roman Britain. 3/11 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borders_of_the_Roman_Empire#/m
Read 11 tweets
16 Nov
A governor rebels and sets up a Principality.

The beginning of centuries of resistance against foreign rule, which ends with the creation of a nation.

Story in the evening ...
Basarab may have been born around 1270 to Thocomerius. Not much is known about his early life, except that he was a Vlach. Wallachia was a region that had linkages with the Bulgars, the Hungarians and the Mongols. 1/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basarab_I_of_Wallachia#/media/
Vlachs lived in an area surrounded by the Danube River on three sides and the Southern Carpathians in the north. Many of them were Orthodox like the Bulgars that dominated the region. 2/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallachia#/media/File:Balkans8
Read 11 tweets
12 Nov
A rebel Prince who declared himself Emperor.

An island caught in the crossfire.

But the "Emperor" trips up in a storm and the island becomes an expensive war booty.

Story in the evening ...
Isaakios was born around 1155. While his mother's name or his father's identity are unclear, what is certain is that his maternal grandfather was Isaakios Komnenos, son of Byzantine Emperor Joannes and his wife, Piroska (Eirene) of Hungary. 1/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Komnenos_of_Cyprus#/medi
In 1143, on his deathbed Emperor Joannes nominated as heir his younger son, Manuel, although Isaakios was older. The relation between the brothers, Manuel and Isaakios, appear to have been contentious after the younger one became Emperor. 2/10 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manuel_I_Komnenos#/media/File:
Read 11 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!