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Feb 28 10 tweets 5 min read
A large amount of mis- and disinformation has circulated on social media in multiple languages over the past few days regarding #Ukraine. Trustworthy information is as important as ever in times of crisis, so here are our top tips and tools 👇
First and foremost, be wary of the difference between MISinformation and DISinformation. While they can seem interchangeable, the difference lies in the intent. Precise language is important e.g. propaganda can fall under the umbrella of disinformation Graphic showing the differe...
Second, visual misinformation gains a lot of attention. We’ve seen time and time again old photos and videos recirculated during times of crisis, which can cause more chaos and confusion. Preventing this can be as easy as running a reverse image search
You can run reverse image searches on a few different search engines. We recommend using the browser extension RevEye, which puts all these searches just one click away
chrome.google.com/webstore/detai… Graphic that shows the diff...
Going deeper, you can run checks on all of our five pillars of visual verification. The more you can dig up about each pillar, the stronger your verification will be.

Some tools you can use: start.me/p/vjv80b/first… Graphic showing the five pi...
Imposter accounts are also common, pretending to be trusted sources of information or a certain identity group. Here’s a basic checklist for making sure you’re getting information from a trustworthy account on social media: Checklist for verifying sou...
If you decide to share falsified visuals as part of a debunk, make sure to use an overlay to prevent the image from being recirculated out of context. This can be as simple as adding a watermark over the image labeling it “unverified” or “out of context”
firstdraftnews.org/articles/how-w…
Archiving the content you come across is important for historical and legal purposes:
For further reading: @bellingcat's earlier advice on how to report (and how not to report) on Russian disinformation provides guidance on how to use precise language
bellingcat.com/resources/how-…
Finally, you may come across distressing imagery during this time. Take breaks and refer to this guide from @DartCenter on how to reduce your trauma load: dartcenter.org/content/workin…

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More from @firstdraftnews

Jul 2, 2021
1/ First Draft’s latest piece looks at anti-Muslim content spread on YouTube and TV news in India
2/ First Draft examined 70 headlines from stories about the Tablighi Jamaat run by some of India’s most-watched news channels, as well as a number of news outlets over the past year
3/ Of those headlines, we found that 27 used anti-Muslim language, while four made misleading, false or out-of-context claims
Read 7 tweets
Apr 8, 2021
1/ How are climate change conspiracy theories and misinformation spreading cross-platforms and escalating over-time?
2/ First Draft’s @carlottadotto analyzed climate change-related conversations over the past year on the fringe platforms 4chan and 8kun. YouTube was the most popular domain used to support climate change denialism, followed by Bitchute, web archive links, and Wikipedia.
3/ The rampant use of YouTube links on 4chan and 8kun emphasizes how misinformation on the platform is being pushed to networks in other online spaces.
Read 4 tweets
Dec 2, 2020
In the wake of recent vaccine announcements, reporters and policymakers need to be tracking “data deficits” — situations where demand for information about a topic is high, but the supply of credible information is low. We outline two of them below. 🧵👇firstdraftnews.org/long-form-arti…
1. mRNA technology, DNA alteration and foreign propaganda narratives. mRNA vaccines’ novelty and technical complexity complicates efforts to provide accessible and compelling information on this technology, while the incentive for bad actors to exploit this gap is high.
2. Measures of vaccine “effectiveness,” trial stages’ “interim” results and other limitations of the vaccine announcements. Information detailing these limitations are often missing from reporting, which could erode public confidence in Covid-19 vaccines.
Read 4 tweets
Dec 2, 2020
Today the UK became the first Western country to approve a Covid-19 vaccine. Following this and other recent vaccine trial and approval announcements, here are five misinformation narratives reporters should be aware of when covering these stories. 🧵👇 firstdraftnews.org/latest/vaccine…
1. A Covid-19 vaccine is unnecessary; the immune system is superior. This narrative is now comparing Covid-19 survival rates to the efficacy rates of the current vaccines to suggest that our immune systems are more capable than vaccines in protecting us from Covid-19.
The narrative that hydroxychloroquine’s effectiveness eliminates the need for a Covid-19 vaccine, highly popular among many Francophone communities in Europe and Africa, has been applied to recent vaccine trial announcements.
Read 7 tweets
Dec 1, 2020
Next week, we’re hosting a series of discussions on the challenges of covering vaccine misinformation next year. We’re hosting one in English, one in French, and one in Spanish. Details below 👇
Join an essential discussion on misinformation on Weds 16 Dec, and get your questions answered. Register now: us02web.zoom.us/webinar/regist…
Rejoignez-nous pour une conversation essentielle le mercredi 9 décembre et trouvez des réponses à vos questions. Register now: us02web.zoom.us/webinar/regist…
Read 4 tweets
Nov 20, 2020
We are failing to provide the right information about the Covid-19 vaccine at the right time to the right people. Here are some suggestions for what we could do 👇 [thread] firstdraftnews.org/long-form-arti…
2/ Many false notions about vaccines, such as them altering DNA, being unnecessary because survival rates from Covid-19 are 99% (very misleading), or providing a "silver bullet" -- haven’t been sufficiently addressed
3/ Reporters, governments, and health bodies need to provide the information in an effective, compelling manner (such as with video and meme-based content)
Read 7 tweets

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