Trent Telenko Profile picture
May 9, 2022 41 tweets 13 min read Twitter logo Read on Twitter
This is going to be a long thread🧵 on Ukraine's unique 21st century fighting style based on Uber style C3I software, why Western intelligence is plug ignorant of it due to CROWDSTRIKE cybersecurity firm, & the implications of SpaceX's Starlink satcom for the future...

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...of warfare & politics. This is going to be a wild thread, so buckle up.

First we need to talk about Ukraine's "GIS Art for Artillery" software package written by Yaroslav Sherstyuk.…
Sherstyuk's software package is reminiscent Uber or Lyft's taxi software in that assigns targets to the nearest gun, mortar, rocket launcher, Aerosvidzka drone or SF team.

This is nothing like the US Military's Tactical Fire Direction System (TACFIRE)…
3/ 'GIS Art for Artillery' app...'GIS Art for Artillery' app...'GIS Art for Artillery' app...TACFIRE Infographic
...or Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System (AFATDS).

The 2009 AFATDS transitioned from a Sun Microsystems SPARC computer running the Linux kernel to a version based on laptop computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system.

4/ ImageAFTADS windows laptop computer
GIS Art for Artillery, or "GIS Art" for short, isn't the 1950's "Star" style Mainframe-terminal (TACFIRE) or Mainframe-Minicomputer-terminal (AFTADS) ported over to laptops.

It is a true distributed software environment that reduced request for fire to trigger pull from
5/ 'GIS Art for Artillery' app...'GIS Art for Artillery' app...'GIS Art for Artillery' app...'GIS Art for Artillery' app...
...20 minutes to 30 seconds.

By comparison, the US Army did that call to trigger pull in 5 minutes in WW2, 15 minutes in Vietnam and one hour currently.

No, that isn't a typo.

The increased US Army time 'from call to trigger pull' has to do trying to prevent friendly fire plus the inclusion of JAG officers in Division artillery fire control centers doing rules of engagement/collateral damage vetting of calls for fire.

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In 2006, when US Army Special Forces task force hunting high value targets was given direct access to an MLRS battery with GMLRS rockets - without a JAG officer poisoned chain of command - got it back down to Vietnam 15-minute levels in Iraq, thanks to the Blue Force Tracker.
8/ Blue Force Tracker terminal...Infantry Blue Force Tracker...Blue Force Tracker infographic
This didn't last long with the Obama Administration thanks to Taliban high value targets using their own kids as human shields followed by cellphone photos of dead kids.

Then everything went back to the JAG officer game & the Special Forces started buying loitering drones.

9/ Switchblade 300 Lointerin M...
Returning to the "GIS Arta" app, (GIS meaning geospatial) it has evolved into a multi-profile command and control system that can process data from drones, smartphones, rangefinders and commercial satellite images.

This has a lot of implications.

The biggest being that with a good SATCOM link Ukrainian high command could nominate targets in the the "GIS Arta" app to the nearest fire support, drone or convoy hunter killer teams throughout the entire Ukrainian battle space without tipping local units

11/ intelligence sources & methods.

Western Intelligence is either ignorant or discounts the "GIS Arta" app because of a CROWDSTRIKE cybersecurity firm December 22, 2016 article claiming the Russians hacked "GIS Arta."
And that the "Fancy Bear" group used the same hacking method to to get into the DNC.

The problem is that hacking of the "GIS Arta" app CROWDSTRIKE claimed never happened.

The VOA did a takedown here:…
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I knew that CrowdStrike co-founder Dimiti Alperovitc was lying at the time because of a summer 2015 OSINT investigation I did of the strange Ukrainian artillery concentrations hitting DNR forces in Donbas.

The Ukrainian Army seemed to be using older Soviet-era ground surveillance radars to guide its deep artillery strikes.

Russian video's sent by the Donbas War list-admin showed a UA artillery strike missing a Russian convoy in a classic centroid error of an older radar
15/ 1RL-239 ARK-1 "Rys&quo...1RL-239 ARK-1 "Rys&quo...
...that has two targets close together at extreme range and sees them as a single target.

The video showed a large convoy on the right and UA artillery strikes to the left of them.

[Note: The infographic shows chaff pulling a 'radar centroid' off of a jet]

16/ Image
The video then pans a little and shows a second road further left with a convoy of vehicles on it.

Both roads seemed to be approaching a fork out of camera view.

I asked the list-admin about it & specifically if a ARK-1 RICE BAG radar could pull that off.

I was told 'No, the most likely Ukrainian sensor directing the artillery fire was a Su-24MR FENCER E M-101 Shtik side looking aerial radar (SLAR)'

18/ Image
The radar centroid error I described was spot-on for 1985 Soviet era kit.

The Su-24MR FENCER E had long range air to ground data links, but directing artillery with it implied some distinctly non-Soviet era command and control doctrine.

There was also the fact the barrage
...looked wrong. And by looked wrong I mean it was all landing in one spot with explosions indicating shells from radically different azimuths.

It was kinda, sorta, a time on target (TOT) from lots of individual guns.
Usually Russian doctrine artillery batteries fire a "battery solution" and the barrage lands in the pattern of the ground formation of the firing guns.

A TOT from several Russian gun batteries would cover a significant area.

So the Ukrainians were doing something else.

21/ Image
I systematically searched through Donbas artillery videos of UA artillery strikes & photos of UA artillery positions (single guns).

The thing that stood out was the timing of the barrages, the tightness of the barrages and the variability of the shell bursts.
UA artillery were not firing as batteries. They were firing as individual guns and launchers, then displacing immediately.

Multiple individual guns & mortars of different calibers were shooting dispersed across a large area at the same target in the TOT manner.

Given the following:

1. A radar or laser range finder equipped forward observer with a GPS unit,

2. A gun with a digital radio, digital artillery fire control computer and a GPS unit, and

3. A digital internet data link radio communications tying them together.
It then becomes relatively easy to program a multi-gun, multi-ammunition caliber time on target from whatever guns are in range. You can even call down multiple TOT barrages in a short amount of time using different guns for each barrage-strike on the same target.

That meant Russian counter-battery radars were not seeing battery shoots.

They were seeing lots of individual guns across the front, with multiple trajectories, shooting less than three shells, at the same or different targets, across a whole front.

That was why the Russians were not killing a lot of UA towed artillery with counter-battery in the Summer of 2015 onward.

Russian counter-battery radars were not seeing "worthwhile" battery sized targets for MLRS shoots.

It also made Russian airpower much less effective in the counterbattery role when it showed up.

What cost Ukraine it's towed 122mm guns wasn't destruction by counter battery. It was abandonment when the Debaltsevo pocket fell.

The Ukrainians had multiple dug in positions per 122mm towed gun. They didn't have the resources to do the same with their truck prime movers.

They could camouflage them, but not get them into cover.

The sheer weight of fragmentation damage over time disabled them

...beyond the local ability to repair the day the Debaltsevo pull out came.

The Ukrainian Army chose to save its troops over its heavy weapons and disabled heavy weapons as best they could at short notice.

A lot of DNR & LNR 122mm guns firing at Ukrainians today came from the fall of the Debaltsevo pocket.

The other thing that informed me CROWDSTRIKE was lying happened in the first couple of days post-invasion.

Russia opened the war with a "Zero-day exploit"aimed like a dagger at GIS Art for Artillery app.

Russia took down all of Ukraine's SATCOM terminals and quite a few in Europe besides.

This is where @elonmusk SpaceX Starlink constellation comes in.

Ukraine turned to @elonmusk to replace it's pre-war SATCOM links for 'GIS Art for Artillery' with Starlink.

To date, not only have those SATCOM been replaced, SpaceX has impressed

...the DoD and Western three letter intelligence agencies generally.

SpaceX has handily defeated the strongest cyber & jamming attacks the Russian Federation can assemble.

In addition, one of the lesser known features of SpaceX's Starlink internet service, point to point email service for Starlink users encrypted and not using any ground infrastructure whatsoever, has aided Ukrainian military units behind Russian lines to communicate

...with minimal electronic signature for Russian direction finding to exploit.

Effectively Starlink gave Ukraine the military space telecommunications bandwidth of the United States with zero investment in satellite infrastructure before the war.

Ukraine's 'GIS Art for Artillery' app combined with Starlink actually gives the Ukrainian military measurably better than US Military standard artillery command and control.

The Ukraine War is the first Starlink War & the side with Starlink is beating the side without.
There are a lot of implications in that thought.

Now comes the kicker. When the lasercom equipped SpaceX Gen 1.5 & 2.0 satellites come on-line.
The ability to move huge amounts of bandwidth with zero ground based infrastructure will utterly subvert the ability of national governments & corporations to block or surveil Starlink communications.

The only way the US Government will be able to monitor Starlink communications is with @elonmusk active cooperation.

The power shift involved in that fact is...profound...and something for another thread

Meanwhile, a whole lot of very powerful people are going to have to rethink their place in the world as the Starlink juggernaut remakes the world by helping Ukraine win "The 1st Starlink War."


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More from @TrentTelenko

Mar 28
@DanielGDosen Russia is going hand to mouth with new mobiks & wounded mobiks being thrown into the meatgrinder.

The Russian Army order of battle (Orbat) may have been 400k in Feb 2022. The actual body count was not over 300k due to the ghost troop scam, AKA pretend troops exist & pocket pay.
@DanielGDosen Everything deployable - 190,000 - was sent in by the end of April 2022.

Lots of non deployable assets in Feb 2022 were made to be deployable throughout the year, deployed and consumed.

They stripped all of the training establishments and then stripped the academies,
@DanielGDosen and gave all of the student-cadet junior officer commissions so they could deploy them, that happened Q2/Q3 2022.

RuAF also stripped the research establishments, and logistics for bodies.

It appears most were used up as infantry.

Read 7 tweets
Mar 28
The Kamaz trucks in the video are interesting for a couple of reasons.

1. Missing headlights
2. There are cab rear windows

I was told by TACOM engineers the US FMTV cabs were built with solid rear walls for rollover protection protection.

What is Kamaz thinking?🤦‍♂️
The US Army had issues with FMTV trucks moved by trains in the late 1990's due to tool kit theft and breakage of windows and headlights on trucks sitting in railway marshalling yards high crime areas.

(Combat damaged FMTV photos for cab comparison with previous video⬇️).

2/4 ImageImage
The US Army shifted to more expensive but more reliable semi-tractor trailer delivery for new trucks to avoid the issue because of the inability to use procurement money for repairing crime damaged rail delivered trucks, which was a "different color of money."

Read 4 tweets
Mar 27
I've gotten a lot of push back on my last thread on Russian casualties about AFU casualty counts being horse s--t.

Lets talk about that in this thread.

RUSI had reported every Ukrainian front line platoon in the war has a quadcopter drone working for it.

At 5km of front per platoon & 2,500km of front, that is 500 DJI Mavic or better drones doing photo intelligence for the AFU daily.

That is 1000 times the video intel density of any previous war.

Again, the usual suspects will claim B.S.

In this case, the usual suspects are the ones spewing B.S.

Radio Free Europe gave us an interview with a AFU drone team to give us an idea the kind and scale of photo intelligence that Ukraine is using as a basis of its Russian casualty counts.

Read 13 tweets
Mar 27
This is a Russian casualty/Russian culmination thread based on this latest Ukrainian General Staff report.

The Russians are at 170,550 dead right now.

What does that mean?

I've gone deeply into the subject of battle casualties, non-battle casualties and KIA to WIA casualty ratios in previous threads like this. So I'm going to do cliff notes to cut to the strategic point.

At a 2 dead to 3 wounded casualty ratio,

Russia has suffered 255,825 wounded in action on top of 170,550 dead.

That is a total KIA plus WIA total of 426,375 Russian battle casualties.

This doesn't include non-battle casualties, for which see the link below.

Read 22 tweets
Mar 26
This is less of a surprise than it is desperation for any military capability meeting the opportunity presented by "monument weapons."

These may still be ornamental parade weapons'.
But remember, Ukraine broke out WW2 era D-44 85mm guns as artillery in May 2022 at the height of its 122mm/152mm shell famine.

And also remember, Russia broke out 100mm KS-19 anti-aircraft guns as artillery in Sept. 2022, built from 1948 to 1957, & used to start avalanches in mountain passes and resorts inside Russia by the "Roshydromet" (Russian Hydrometeorological Service).
Read 4 tweets
Mar 23
This is a useful comment on the logistics of the de-mothballed T-55's being added to Russia's Army in Ukraine.

There is a historical analog for the problems Russia will have with its T-55's:

The US Army Tank force in the first six months of the Korean War.

George F Hofmann did an article in the US Army Sep/Oct 2000 issue of it's ARMOR branch publication titled:

"Tanks and the Korean War: A case study of unpreparedness"

See this link:

To quote the article:

" However, the first three M26s that were rushed to Korea from the Tokyo Ordnance Depot had chronic problems, especially overheating engines and defective fan belts."

The following link gives a specific for what happened.

Read 10 tweets

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