I think not a lot of people understand the difference between two very important return ratios : operating margins and roc/roic. Both seem very similar but there's a huge difference. Both have their own merits that help you understand the key competitive advantage of any business
Operating margin/ebitda margin simply means how much value a company can add to its raw materials to sell the final product. It has two key elements - sales and (cogs+sga). So if a company has high ebidta margins it simply means two things :

1. That the company is able to
Cut costs efficiently or is able to make products that are difficult to make or need some process expertise (if everybody could make it the the cost would drop). For this two examples come to mind - look at cos like Divis and clean science. They have been able to maintain 30%+
Opm for almost 5-10 years now, showing they have products that others are not able to replicate easily, thus being able to maintain those margins. And that's true as well if you look at their businesses, they are leaders/monopoly in some of the product categories they make.
On the other hand look at commodity cos like tatasteel - everytime the margins go up due to good demand, new players start setting up plants/capacities, which leads to oversupply and then the margins take a back seat - thus the fluctuating margins. So overall operating margins
Can give us some insights into the competitive advantages of the business. However - roce is a different thing. Will discuss this in the next post.

#roce #opm #investing #margin

• • •

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh

Keep Current with Shubham Biswal

Shubham Biswal Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!


Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @ShubhamBiswal18

May 29
For Part 2 into understanding roce/roic of a business - roce/roic although by general definition sounds very simple, I.e the returns a company is generating on its invested capital, sounds very simple prima facie and a bit similar to ebit/op margins. However - contd.
Remember this "capital employed" Is the money employed for buying the raw materials, for funding capex growth etc. So in a way this doesn't show much about the value addition that a company does to its raw materials (which operating/ebit margins does).
So roce is a measure of EFFICIENCY of a business and it gives idea about both the nature of product AND also how well is the company able to deploy its capital right to sell MORE OF IT. I know sounds a bit confusing but lets do the dupont (I.e breakdown of roce into simple parts
Read 11 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!

This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Don't want to be a Premium member but still want to support us?

Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal

Or Donate anonymously using crypto!


0xfe58350B80634f60Fa6Dc149a72b4DFbc17D341E copy


3ATGMxNzCUFzxpMCHL5sWSt4DVtS8UqXpi copy

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us on Twitter!