The BEST reference and citation management software for academics: Zotero

But not many academics know how to use it.

Here's how to get started 👇

Zotero 101: A step-by-step guide with visuals 🧵
Go to

Download the software and install it. Zotero homepage
You'd also want to install the Zotero browser extension. Zotero browser extension fo...
Open Zotero after you have installed it.

Its interface will look something like this 👇 Zotero interface
Click on File and select New Collection. File dialog box in Zotero. ...
Choose the name of the collection that's appropriate to your project/article/dissertation.

For the purposes of this tutorial, I am using "World Literature." Name of the New Collection:...
Now open Google Scholar, and look up "World Literature" or whatever is relevant to your work.

It will show you a bunch of search results.

You can also look it up in your university's library, or any other database.

Click on the small Zotero button in the top right corner. Google Scholar search resul...
Zotero will open a small dialog box with all the search results.

Select the sources that are relevant to your project. Zotero dialog box on Google...
Zotero will ask you which folder you would like to save the sources in.

Because I'd name the collection "World Literature," it is automatically saving the search results in that collection. Zotero dialog box with the ...
Go to Zotero and click on "World Literature" collection.

It will show you all the sources you just selected from Google Scholar. A list of sources in "...
You'd also need to install Zotero connector for whatever word processor you use.

Zotero connector is available for Google Docs Zotero connector in Google ...
And MS Word Zotero connector in MS Word
For this tutorial, I am using Google Docs.

Open a Google Doc and start typing.

With Zotero, you can easily insert in-text citations.

Here I am using a quote from David Damrosch's book, "What is World Literature." A Google Doc titled "W...
To add an in-text citation, click the Zotero connector button.

It will open a small search bar. A Zotero search bar on a Go...
Type the name of the author in the search bar, "Damrosch" in this case.

Zotero will give you the list of sources from "World Literature" collection.

Select the relevant source. Zotero search bar in Google...
Zotero will prepare the in-text citation for insertion. It will also give you the option to edit the citation.

Here I am editing the citation to include the page number. Editing an in-text citation...
Press Enter and Zotero will insert the citation for you.

You can do this for any number of citations in your paper. In-text citation inserted w...
How to create a Bibliography or a list of Works Cited?

Open Zotero and select all the sources you used in your paper.

A right click will open a dialog box.

Select "Create Bibliography from items" A Zotero dialog box with an...
Zotero will open a list referencing styles.

Choose the one appropriate to your field/discipline. Here I am using MLA 9th edition.

(Zotero will copy the text to clipboard) A list of different referen...
Go to your paper in Google Docs and Paste. The option to Paste in a Go...
This will paste a list of all the works that you cited in your preferred referencing style. A list of works cited prepa...
And that's how you use Zotero for citations and referencing.

If you found the thread useful:

1. Scroll to the top and RT the first tweet to share it with other folks.

2. Follow me @MushtaqBilalPhD for more threads on academic writing.

Happy writing!

As @zotero pointed out, the correct and much more convenient way to create bibliography is to use the Google Docs/MS Word plugin.

Click on "Add/edit bibliography" Add/edit bibliography optio...
A bibliography thus inserted will stay updated automatically based on the citations you have added to your document. Bibliographic entry inserte...

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More from @MushtaqBilalPhD

Feb 6
How to use ChatGPT to become a better reader of academic texts:
If used properly, ChatGPT can make you a better reader of academic prose.

Take a research paper and paste a passage in ChatGPT.

Here I'm using the abstract of one of my own papers that discusses world literature and the 19th cent. Urdu novel. An abstract of a paper writ...
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Feb 5
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Feb 4
Started following me recently?

Here are 8 AI-powered apps that will make your academic research easier and faster 👇

artificial intelligence
with your
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and you'll be unstoppable
🎵Porsche with no brakes🎵
1. Elicit

• Helps you brainstorm research questions
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Detailed tutorial:
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Detailed tutorial:
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Feb 3
ChatGPT is everywhere and everyone is using it.

But most academics don't know how to use it *smartly.*

Here's how to use ChatGPT intelligently (and ethically) for academic purposes:
What do I mean by using ChatGPT intelligently?

Most people use it to create *content.*

ChatGPT uses a prediction model, so the content will always be predictable.

This is NOT an intelligent use of ChatGPT.
Instead, use ChatGPT to create *structure.*

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Feb 2
Doing a literature review takes time — a lot of time.

Here's a Zotero+Research Rabbit workflow that will your literature review FASTER and EASIER:
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Click on it. A yellow arrow points to the "Connect to Zotero" b
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Jan 31
Canva has a lot of great tools for teachers and educators.

Best part: it's FREE!

Here are 7 things you can make in Canva to simplify your work and save (a lot of) time:
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Finish a teaching module and prepare a snazzy infographic to summarize it.

Your students can look at it on their phones or put it up on their refrigerator.
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Creating worksheets when you're teaching a course for the first time takes a lot of time.

Canva has a bunch of cool templates.

Choose the one you like, customize it, and you're all set.
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