Culture Critic Profile picture
Oct 5, 2023 โ€ข 28 tweets โ€ข 7 min read โ€ข Read on X
Libraries are supposed to be magnificent temples of learning.

These are the 25 most beautiful examples on Earth ๐Ÿงต

1. Trinity College Library, Dublin, Ireland ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ช Image
2. Wiblingen Abbey Library, Ulm, Germany ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Image
3. The Abbey Library of Saint Gall, St. Gallen, Switzerland ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ญ Image
4. The Vatican Apostolic Library, Vatican City ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆ Image
5. New York Public Library, New York City, USA ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Image
6. The Girolamini Library, Naples, Italy ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Image
7. The National Library of Austria, Vienna, Austria ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Image
8. The Library of Parliament, Ottawa, Canada ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฆ Image
9. Metten Abbey Library, Metten, Germany ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Image
10. The Joanina Library, Coimbra, Portugal ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Image
11. The Rijksmuseum Research Library, Amsterdam, the Netherlands ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ฑ Image
12. The Palace of Mafra Library, Mafra, Portugal ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Image
13. The Morgan Library & Museum, New York City, USA ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Image
14. The Royal Library of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Madrid, Spain ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ Image
15. The Clementinum Library, Prague, Czech Republic ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Image
16. The National Library of France, Paris, France ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Image
17. The Marciana Library, Venice, Italy ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น Image
18. The John Rylands Research Institute and Library, Manchester, England ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ Image
19. Saint Florian Monastery Library, Sankt Florian, Austria ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Image
20. The Municipal Law Library, Munich, Germany ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡ช Image
21. The Sainte-Geneviรจve Library, Paris, France ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Image
22. The Strahov Monastery Library, Prague, Czech Republic ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ฟ Image
23. The George Peabody Library, Baltimore, USA ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ Image
24. Admont Abbey Library, Admont, Austria ๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐Ÿ‡น Image
25. The Royal Portuguese Cabinet of Reading, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‡ท Image
Sharing an updated list because the last one had some errors and some glaring omissions!
Any Iโ€™ve missed?
Bonus: Not a library but a bookstore:
26. The Livraria Lello & Irmรฃo, Porto, Portugal ๐Ÿ‡ต๐Ÿ‡น Image

โ€ข โ€ข โ€ข

Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh
ใ€€

Keep Current with Culture Critic

Culture Critic Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!

PDF

Twitter may remove this content at anytime! Save it as PDF for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video
  1. Follow @ThreadReaderApp to mention us!

  2. From a Twitter thread mention us with a keyword "unroll"
@threadreaderapp unroll

Practice here first or read more on our help page!

More from @Culture_Crit

Jul 15
Heaven is made up of 9 levels.

700 years ago, a poet described what it's like to climb them โ€” and what kind of person lands at each level.

Here's what he finds at the very top... (thread) ๐Ÿงต Image
In 1321, Alighieri Dante imagined a journey through Hell, Purgatory and Paradise. It's one of the most imaginative stories ever told.

He travels right to the bottom of Hell and describes each of its 9 levels... Image
Why? Because to journey upward in life, you must first descend into the depths of your own soul.

At the very bottom, the bitterly cold point furthest from God's grace, is Satan โ€” trapped in a frozen lake of his own tears... Image
Read 20 tweets
Jul 12
In 1963, a man noticed his chickens disappearing through a hole in his basement.

He knocked through the wall, revealing what is hard to believe: a 20,000-person city, deep below ground.

It was built by Christians over 1,000 years ago... (thread) ๐Ÿงต Image
He had stumbled across what was then the largest underground city ever found, near the town of Derinkuyu, in Turkey's Cappadocia region.

But what on earth was it for? Image
Christianity in Cappadocia is as ancient as it gets. Paul the Apostle himself established one of the first Christian communities here in the 1st century.

By the 4th century, Cappadocia's bishops played a major role in the Byzantine Empire.
Image
Image
Read 18 tweets
Jul 10
Exactly 4 years ago, the Hagia Sophia was converted to a mosque.

But 1,500 years ago, it was built to be the greatest church the world had ever seen.

Today it looks quite different โ€” here's how it looked at its peak... (thread) ๐Ÿงต Image
Many buildings claim to be the 8th Wonder of the World โ€” the Hagia Sophia is probably most credible of all.

In just 5 years, ancient society built what would remain the world's largest church for 1,000 years. Image
When Constantine relocated the capital of the Roman Empire to Constantinople in 330 AD, he brought Roman architecture with him.

In the 6th century, Justinian drew on those elements to design the greatest church ever seen...
Image
Image
Read 19 tweets
Jul 9
The world's (second) oldest Christian country is not in the Middle East or Europe โ€” it's Ethiopia.

There are centuries-old churches there that most people don't know about.

These were not "built", but carved directly into the rockโ€ฆ (thread) ๐ŸงตImage
Some of Christianity's most impressive churches don't tower toward heaven, but lie beneath ground or in humble caves.

Like the famous caves of Cappadocia in Turkey, or the monolithic wonder at Aubeterre-sur-Dronne, France...
Image
Image
But in Ethiopia, there are rock-hewn structures that stand above all of these achievements.

How on earth did they make them โ€” and why? Image
Read 20 tweets
Jul 5
You've seen this before: Mont-Saint-Michel โ€” the Wonder of the Western World.

But did you know it has a twin, 200 miles away, also named after St. Michael?

That's where things get really strange... (thread) ๐Ÿงต Image
This is the "twin": St. Michael's Mount in Cornwall, England.

It's also a tidal island with a chapel, remarkably similar to its French counterpart, and only accessible at low tide. Image
Here's a map of the two. You can draw a line between them just over 200 miles long as the crow flies.

But what happens if you keep extending that line? Image
Read 22 tweets
Jul 4
This is what American cities looked like a century ago (and what happened to them)... ๐Ÿงต

1. Saratoga Springs, New York (1915) Image
Victorian-era Broadway of Saratoga Springs was immaculate, although it still looks quite similar today โ€” minus some of the elegant facades and verandas.

But other places weren't so lucky... Image
2. San Francisco, California (c.1876)

Most of San Fran's Victorian downtown was lost in the great earthquake (and fires) of 1906. Before then, it was routinely compared to Europe's finest metropolises: the "Paris of the Pacific"... Image
Read 20 tweets

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!


This site is made by just two indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3/month or $30/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Don't want to be a Premium member but still want to support us?

Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal

Or Donate anonymously using crypto!

Ethereum

0xfe58350B80634f60Fa6Dc149a72b4DFbc17D341E copy

Bitcoin

3ATGMxNzCUFzxpMCHL5sWSt4DVtS8UqXpi copy

Thank you for your support!

Follow Us!

:(