SEASONAL THREAD: in Isaiah 9:6 is the child to be born called ‘Wondeful’, ‘Counsellor’ (2 titles as in the KJV below) or ‘Wonderful Counsellor’ (1 title as in most modern translations)?
The 2 title version certainly sticks in the mind after hearing Handel’s beautiful ‘For unto us a child is born’, here with the @londonsymphony
The 2 title version seems general among Reformation translations (Here’s #Luther’s 1545 translation): ‘Wunderbar, Rath’, also separating out ‘mighty God’ as ‘Kraft’ & ‘Held’, taking ‘ēl ‘god’ in the sense of strong one.
It’s the disturbing account of the rape & dissection of the Levite’s concubine (Judges 19-21)
With lessons about male violence against women #vawg
The story is set during the time of the judges, when there’s little government.
The 1st & last verses remind us that there was no king (Judges 19:1; 21:25), which has already become a motif (17:6; 18:1)
It’s at the climactic point of the Bible’s goriest book.
Other Bible books relate more deaths, but Judges, with Adoni-bezek’s thumbs/big toes cut off, Eglon’s belly stabbed, Sisera’s temple pierced, Abimelech’s skull crushed, Samson’s eyes gouged out, & the concubine dissected depicts more body damage than the whole rest of the Bible.
Thread: clearly, as Bart Ehrman says, Peter was an Aramaic speaking peasant.
He knew no Greek.
He came from Bethsaida (John 1:44), which became a Greek polis (city) around AD 31 but studiously avoided learning Greek.
He traded in fish, but made sure he only sold to Aramaic speakers.
He lived in Capernaum on an international trade route, but avoided talking to foreigners.
He fished on the Sea of Galilee, but if in the middle of this little lake his boat met boats of fishermen from the Greek-speaking Decapolis on the far shore he made sure only to use Aramaic or sign language.
Thread: in Bart Ehrman’s engaging book ‘The Triumph of Christianity’ he makes some approximate calculations of how many Christians there were at various stages.
The numbers he gives for early years appear rather low.
Acts claims there were 120 before Pentecost (1:15)
3,000 more at Pentecost (2:41)
5,000 men (4:4)
Even more (6:1)
Even more + many priests (6:7)
Economy-affecting numbers in Ephesus (19:24-27).
Eventually ‘myriads’ (10,000s) among Jews (Judaeans?) alone (21:20).
Ehrman can reject these as exaggerated, but on his numbers they are not only exaggerated, but we have to suppose that the narratives project onto early periods numbers which didn’t even exists at the (later) time of writing.