Fawad Profile picture
After having read the other versions, I'm for Pak Studies. If you have issues with Founding Fathers or Armed Forces, don't bother to follow. Pakistan Zindabad.
23 Aug
Zarrar Bin Azwar (RA)
A Thread.
SSG consists of elite troops of Pak Army. Specialists; as the title implies...deserts, mountains, riverine etc. There are subunits specializing in various aspects of warfare.
There is an elite among that elite; the anti terrorist force.
Crack troops, experts in CQB, martial arts, unarmed combat; lethal with their bare hands as with weapons.
Each having ability to tackle 3 to 4 hardened Ts
The Unit of this elite, is called ZARRAR Company
634 AD, Syria - Muslim forces under the legendary Khalid Bin Waleed (RA) faces the Byzantine forces at Battle of Ajnadayn.
Vahan, a champion Knight in his shining armor comes ahead and challenges the Muslims for a dual.
In an instant ZARRAR Bin Azwar accepts the challenge
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21 Jul
"Lar o bar yao Afghan"
Toxic, racist; but is it authentic..?
Let's see...
Of all the major Pashtun tribes, only two live in Afghanistan Durranis south of Kabul and the Ghilzai  east of it.
Pashtun Tribes in Pakistan are :
~ Kākaṛ, Shērāni, and Ustarāna south of the Gumal River; Balochistan
~ Maḥsūd, Darwēsh Khēl, Wazīrī, and Biṭanī between the Gumal River and Thal; KPK
~ Tūrī, Bangash, Ōrakzay, Afrīdī, and Shinwārī from Thal to the Khyber Pass; KPK
~ Mohmand, Utmān Khēl, Tarklānī, and Yūsufzai north and northeast of the Khyber Pass and Swat valley.
~ Banūchī and Khaṭak, from the Kurram River to Nowshera, KPK
~ Khalīl and Mandāṇ Peshawar KPK

Read 4 tweets
20 Jul
Tehmina Durrani in her book 'My Feudal Lord' states an incident when in late 80s, GM Khar (her husband then) was in Adiala Jail on charges of high treason on his contacts with RAW while his exile in London.
She met CJCSC Gen Akhtar A Rehman who was her father's
..friend and requested him to ask some senior officer to talk directly to Khar so that he can clarify his position.
She states that she did this on her belief that Khar was a master in convincing people and she thought that given a chance of a pvt meeting, he could influence
...almost anyone with his articulated talk.
The CJCSC directed Lt Gen Hameed Gul the DGISI to give Khar a hearing.
On the given time, Gen Gul arrived at Adiala and a one on one meeting ensued with Khar. The third person present been Tehmina.
She says that it shocked her
Read 5 tweets
13 Jul
TTA, TTP, ISIS / ISKP...a Thread.
Every time there is an attack on Pak SFs, a segment suddenly pops up incriminating TTA.
A lot of confusion exists wrt the term "taliban" in our public.

In this thread, I'll make an effort to explain it in Pak's NS perspective.

TTA, is a continuation of Tbn regime of late 90s Afg. It's sole purpose is to rid Afg of foreign invaders. It has never been a part of any T attack against Pak.
Haqqani NW. A couple of dozen groups, who support TTA, coord their ops; never operated against Pak just as TTA.
TTP. It was formed by Abdullah Mehsud, who was captured by US forces in Afg in Dec 2001 but mysteriously released from Guantanamo Bay prison by US in 2004.
Starting in SWA, org quickly spread into ex FATA and certain dists. Its primary course was to target Pak and it's SFs.
Read 8 tweets
3 Jun
Global Demographic Trends & Muslims; A Thread.
In order to be focused, we'd take EU as base of argument.
Capitalism induced individualism has caused a breakup of family unit. Marriage is avoided, couples prefer "living together" extramaritally, avoiding kids.
Resultantly; Europe is ageing, and this phenomenon is worrying all western Demographic experts.
A quarter of Europe's population is over 60; while a low fertility rate has caused standard "replacement level" (2.1 children / couple) to fall to below 2 (varying cty to cty).
This is likely to cause serious socio-economic challenges in future.
For instance; EU would face a 14% reduction in workforce and a 7% reduction in consumers by 2030.
This is likely to effect all facets of society.
That is one angle; there is another side of this equation
Read 8 tweets
30 May
We have all heard that S Korea sent a delegation to analyze Pak's Five Year Plan in 60s.
However what we have not heard is:
In the same period, S Korea also sent delegation to US, USSR, Japan, Germany, France and a number of other States to gather info on
..Global best practices.
Five year plan only contributed to infra development. What made S Korea is a unique synergy created by HRD + R&D + Export led Industry; centrally controlled by President Park Chung-hee, Korea's Military Leader from 1964 to 1979.
As a first step;
~ Promising students were despatched to foreign Universities who attained PhDs in respective fields
~ 18 State of the art R&D institutions were created and integrated with various Universities.
~ State funded these institutions (S Korea spend 4.1% of its GDP on research,...
Read 7 tweets
22 May
Antisemitism; a Thread....
Antisemitism is millennia old. It's factual, yet the contemporary use of the term is twisted to almost 180 degrees.
Jews were persecuted historically. By the powerful Egyptian and Greek empires from 6th to 3rd centuries BCE, to Roman
Empire from 2nd century BCE to 400 CE. From 400 CE onwards, this persecution took a religious angle from an ethnic one.
It is important to understand that Jews were stateless and scattered in Europe, ME and Levant.
The Christian Europe subjected them to a series of ...
..pogroms, expulsions, ghettoisations and all sorts of discriminatory and punitive actions. Every major European nation is guilty of these heinous, inhuman atrocities. In last two millennia prior to 1949, Jews as a community only flourished in two zones; the Moorish Spain..
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21 May
Comfort Women of Japan and Chaklas of British Raj in India.
A thread.
In early 20th century, Japan employed women from occupied territories like Korea, China and Philippines etc as sex slaves to entertain its soldiers.
This ended with Japan's defeat in WW2.
Countries of the
..origin of these women, particularly Korea, took this matter up diplomatically later, resulting into an official apology by Japan in 1993.
In roughly the same era, Indian women were being used in the same manner by the British Indian Army. 12 to 14 women were stationed
..with each Regiment for the purpose. This was even legalized under The Cantonment Act of 1864. This contributed to adding a "British flavour" an existing 'Anglo Indian' community in India; a latent reference to it is also there in the John Masters classic - Bhowani Junction.
Read 6 tweets
21 May
Keep watching how FM Qureshi's comments would be molded and twisted to deflect the global sympathy away from the murdered Palestinian children....
Keep watching....!!
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18 May
Muslims saving Jews from Nazis during Holocaust:
- Si Kaddour Benghabrit, the Rector of the Great Mosque of Paris, helped from 100 to 500 Jews disguise themselves as Muslims.
- Egyptian doctor, Mohammed Helmy, saved the life of Anna Gutman and her

..family putting himself and his own family at risk in Egypt for 3 years
- Si Ali Sakkat, sheltered 60 jews who escaped a Nazi labour camp in his farm for 3 years at Tunis till Germans withdrew from N Africa
- Refik Veseli; only 17, saved a Jewish family who migrated from...2/6
Belgrade by sheltering them in his village in Albania, inspiring his villagers to shelter more Jews from the Axis occupation forces
- Khaled Abdul Wahab from Mahdia, Algeria, saved dozens of Jews families by sheltering them in his farm. Used his position as an interlocutor 3/6
Read 6 tweets
6 Nov 20
Those who say India could have started a war post Pak retaliation of 27 feb 19 have absolutely no clue of Indo-Pak military environment.
Even in the Pro Active Strat (PAS) application, IA requires a minimal force mobilization. It maybe in form of certain forces pre
..positioned in garb of training close to border.
Infact Balakot strike occurred a few weeks after pulwama. Till that time, only a few paramilitary troops were moved in IOK. The reserve components of Indian Defensive Corps were in their Garrisons. The Strike Corps not 2/6
mobilized. IA was weeks away from initiating even a localised offestrik even along the LOC, border is out of question.
Say hypothetically, had IA launched "an attack" after Abhinandon as alluded by some Einsteins; it could have resulted in dozens of more Abhinandons as IA 3/6
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15 Oct 20
Nawaz Sharif, Army and the people of Pakistan....
This is narration of actual events from an eye witness.
25 Oct 16 was a gloomy day at Qta. 62 Coffins of young police recruits were lying at Musa Stadium Qta. They were brutally killed by terrorists of TTP the... .1/n
..previous night at Police Training Academy Qta. Their deeply grieved relatives were waiting for Janaza since last 4/5 hours so that, they could take the bodies of their loved ones to their hometowns. All were waiting for PM NS who arrived from Isd in wake of that terrible...2/n
..incident and was currently in a meeting at the CM Office.
After a painfully long wait, he arrived with his entourage. Janaza was offered in next 5 min. PM Sahib, with a stiff neck and his signature scorn, walked off..without having a glance on the relatives of the shaheeds..3/n
Read 9 tweets
29 Sep 20
Wars don't just happen. These are usually consequent to clash of eco / commercial/ social interests of belligerents.
Azerbaijan - Armenia recent War over Nagorno Karabakh (NK) is no different.
As the map shows; Azerbaijan is a hub of Gas Pipelines to EU / Turkey. This... 1/4 Image
..poses competition to Gazprom / Russian monopoly over regional energy supplies to EU. For instance, Turkey's dependence on Russian gas reduced from 54% to 34% recently on completion of Trans-Anatolian pipeline. This increasing trend of supply of Azeri / Caspian....2/4
Gas to Turkey and onwards to EU has to be curbed by Russia to retain/ sustain its own supplies, with assistance of its own Allies (that's correct, Armenia; a major base of Gazprom Ops).
So while Russia stands with Armenia; Turkey, EU, USA and Israel stand with Azerbaijan...3/4
Read 4 tweets
25 Sep 20
On Pak India affairs; on a serious note.
A few centuries ago, a powerful Rohilla (Pathan) army was besieging a relatively weak marhatta force under shiva ji. Marhatta position was precarious and they faced a certain defeat....1/6
Young Afzal Khan, the Commander of Rohillas was an unstoppable force within himself. He was brave and smart; determined to teach marhattas a lesson in tactics of war. But shiva ji had something else in mind...."why to meet enemy where he is strong ?"....2/6
A message of peace was sent alongwith a request for meeting where marhattas will surrender. Simple soldier Afzal, accepted the offer. On the day of the meeting, out came shiva ji clad in a CLOAK hidding a dagger under it... 3/6
Read 6 tweets
15 Sep 20
I've been part of over a dozen research projects on national security. Multiple factors contribute to our envmt. However one constant that crops up in all, is our unchecked, underdeveloped population.
I didn't say over population because having a large young population is...1/9
..an asset, it is called "demographic dividend". However, if that youth is not properly educated and groomed it could be a curse rather than a dividend.

Family planning was intro in the 60s. It appealed to the middle class and was adopted. Resultantly, the most imp faction ..2/9
..of the society started shrinking. The lower class on the other hand ballooned. This Paradox created a unique envmt. The cheap manpower socio-economic system. Unplanned and unchecked, it turned bad. A certain community started producing kids as a means of earnings
Read 9 tweets
5 Sep 20
Sep 1965 Pak-Ind War - prelude in reverse chronology
- Ceasefire Sep 23 1965 - Stalemate
- Sep 6 - India attacks across Intl border on Lahore and Sialkot - both stalled due to stiff resistance
- Sep 1 - Pakistan launch Op Grandslam across CFL, reaches short of Akhnur
August 26 - India launch Op Faulad / Op Faulad across CFL - Haji Pir Pass threatened though 20 Punjab Regiment held it till end
August 5 - Pakistan launch Op Gibralter infiltrating soldiers across CFL in IOK to raise local resistance against indian army. Op was a failure, 2/5
Apr 1965 - Indians occupied unmanned positions along the border at Rann of Kachh (south of Sindh, close to Arabian Sea). Pakistan Army eliminated all the positions in swift, violent actions, comprehensively defeating the indian venture
Read 6 tweets
29 Aug 20
Paradox of Narratives.....
Nations have interests which are pursued with all available instruments of influence. In pursuance, the morality or legitimacy of ways and means is never a primary concern. Usually, the ends justify the means.
Lets take the example of GWoT.....1/5
The real / implicit / hidden interests of US were geo-strategic, ie.. to secure the central strat location of Afghanistan, in order to engage Russia, China, Iran and Pakistan in a coercive manner. Similarly, Iraq was an adventure for providing stability to petrodollars....2/5
But, could the US state this as a policy to domestic / intl audiences...?..NO...
So what was the course of action...?
Generate a narrative to legitimize the course.
So making use of 9/11...(its authenticity some other time) the narrative "Islamic Terrorism " was crafted....3/5
Read 5 tweets
28 Aug 20
On racial discrimination....
This is early 7th century AD; Muslim Armies, under their great leader Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed (RA) are poised at rolling up Persian empire from Iraq and Levant, winning battle after battle.
Meanwhile, Khalifa e Islam Hazrat Umar (RA), for ....1/5
..spiritual and temporal reasons decides to remove Hazrat Khalid from Command.
Hazrat Bilal (RA) is sent with Khalifa's instructions.
Sahaba gather in a congregation at Emessa. Hazrat Khalid, the greatest, undefeated General, a close relative of the Khalifa, a relative of..2/5
Aqqa e Do Alam (SAAWW), from an elite family of a high ranking tribe, kneels in front of Hazrat Bilal, an African ex Slave with no racial connections with any highborn Arab.
Bilal (RA) orders Khalid (RA) to be relieved of command and hands it over to Hazrat Abu Ubaida (RA)..3/5
Read 5 tweets
2 Aug 20
Is your smartphone only a device for entertainment/ social connect...?
Think again...!
Warfare has evolved in tandem with socio-economic evolution.
Weapons of a generation appeared (and used) similar to eco tools of the era.
For instance; swords' spears and shields were...
..similar to the tools of agriculture like shovels, picks and axes in the first civilized generation.
Rifles, ACs and Destroyers were not only similar to the tools of industrialization rather were a product of those.
So what should be the weapons of the info age / knowledge.2/n
Yes. The products of info age; comm/cyber equipment and gadgets.
You must be wondering, how are these apparently harmless looking items lethal enough to be employed as weapons.
For that we would have to understand the character and nature of war.
The ...3/n
Read 10 tweets
16 Jul 20
On Pakistan - Iran relations.
I feel quite a lot of disappointment and frustration in Pakistanis on Iran's current regional conduct.
However; to label Iran as an enemy would be inappropriate and not in line with the holistic Pak-Iran affairs. Neither history supports it...
...nor future allows this antagonist environment.
Lets see the perspective objectively...
Iran was among the first nations to recognize Pakistan in 1947. Shah of Iran was the first head of State to visit Pakistan in line with its support to an independent Pakistan.
...supported Pakistan in both its wars with india in 1965 and 71. In 1971; a few squadrons of PAF were deployed in Iran after the Flt Lt Matiur Rehman episode.
However, the situation changed after the Iranian revolution of 1979. Pakistan found it difficult to balance....
Read 6 tweets
15 Jul 20
Iran's opting out of india's Chabahar venture is a significant development.
It has two angles;
One. Iran realizes now that india was taking dictation from the US on their bilateral affairs. Any purposeful progress was therefore not likely in the future.

Two. China has succeeded in a furthering its regional economic integration efforts by engaging Iran. It would now be focusing on post US withdrawal Afghanistan, which apparently is only a matter of time.
What should our strategic priorities be now under the circumstances...
a. Synergise the process of economic integration by multilateral engagement with iran-afg-china and ensure that oir key advantage of physical connection with Xinjiang (Nucleus of CPEC and backbone of BRI) is optimally utilized.
b. Bilateral engagement and other necessary
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