In Talbees Iblees p.524, Ibn al-Jawzi (d.597) relates from his teacher Abu’l Wafaa’ ibn Aqeel (d.513) that he said:
“When the obligations became difficult for the ignorant vile people, they turned away from the acts of worship of the Shariah and replaced them with acts that
they innovated for themselves. And these acts became easy for them since they weren’t commanded to do them by someone else.”
He said: “And they are Kuffar in my sight due to the following actions, such as: glorifying graves, and honoring them by that which the Shariah prohibits
and lighting fires by them and kissing them and refurbishing them. And speaking to the dead with one’s wishes and writing letters on the grave saying “Ya mawla, do such and such for me” and taking dirt from the grave as a blessing. And covering the grave with perfume, and
Ilah and Rabb are not synonyms. The words have two separate meanings according to linguists and exegetes.
Lisan ul-Arab: “Al-Ilāh: Allah ﷻ, and anything that is taken in worship besides Him is an ilāh to the one who
(2) worships it. The plural is āliha”
Al-Tabari: “And we explained before that the meaning of al-Uloohiyyah is the creation desiring to worship [something]. So the meaning of “And your ilah is one ilah, there is no ilah except He, al-Rahman al-Raheem”: the one who deserves your
Here are links to some useful English translated books of Aqeedah, Fiqh, Hadith, Tafseer, Seerah, and good knowledge which I hope will be beneficial to one and all. May Allah increase us all in sincerity.
The Hanbali madhhab is attributed to Imam Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal al-Shaybani (d.241) who was one of the most eminent scholars in the history of Islam. He was born in Baghdad and studied all the Islamic sciences until he reached the level of ijtihad. Imam Ahmed never
wrote any books on Fiqh or Usool. His works were in Hadith, Rijal, Tafsir (he wrote a book on tafsir which is lost), Aqeedah, History and other topics. What we have from his fiqh and usool is from his large number of fatawa which were narrated from him by his students mainly
1) its not something the prophet ﷺ commanded him to do, rather an arab told him to do that because arabs believed mentioning the name of a loved one was a cure 2) he didnt call to muhammad ﷺ as in asking to heal him, otherwise he would have said “ya muhammad ishfinee”
3) the arab didnt say call Muhammad ﷺ, he said “mention (اذكر) the most beloved person to you, he could have mentioned his father, son, wife etc and still have fulfilled the command
Also, an honest person doesn’t simply cherrypick a scholars works in order to find out their
positions. If you read the vast multitude of ibn Taymiyyah’s works you would clearly know his position on istighatha and praying to other than Allah. Simply mentioning “Ya Muhammad” isn’t shirk because we also say “asalamu alayka ayuhan-Nabi...” in our tashahhud but that is