Michael McFaul Profile picture
Professor. https://t.co/DK5gWIaFX5
Lenny Marlow Profile picture ☘️Mike McGraw🇨🇦#Mask Up! Profile picture eDo Profile picture Robert Lorton Profile picture Susan Reid 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🇺🇸 Profile picture 64 added to My Authors
27 Feb
"In the Cold War, American and European scientists cooperated on projects from nuclear weapons to computer design, animated in part by a common cause to compete with Soviet scientists. This collaborative spirit must be rekindled again." THREAD 1/
" A new union of democracies could develop collective responses to Chinese technological challenges and advance together shared policies and norms for" 2/
(1) nurturing cooperation between 5G and 6G suppliers in democracies (i.e., an industrial policy for fostering synergies among Nokia, Samsung, and Ericsson); (2) containing, exposing, and deterring digital meddling; 3/
Read 5 tweets
25 Feb
"During the Cold War, overzealous efforts at cooperation also produced mistakes." THREAD 1/
"... when pursuing détente, President Nixon and Secretary of State Kissinger wrongly assumed that their counterparts shared realpolitik theories about the stability of bipolarity and therefore sought to maintain equilibrium; that was a miscalculation." 2/
"In dealing with Chinese communist leaders for decades to come, US leaders must seek cooperation without being lulled into the false assumption that engagement can eventually end bilateral competition regarding power and ideology." 3/
Read 4 tweets
25 Feb
"In the last four years, the quality and quantity of contacts between American and Chinese officials has declined. Lessons from the Cold War suggest that they should be expanded again today." THREAD 1/
"As achieved even with the Soviet Union, the United States can simultaneously compete and engage, deter and cooperate with China as long as objectives are clearly defined." 2/
"Improved relations with China should never be a goal of American diplomacy in itself; at a minimum, interaction with hostile regimes is a method for acquiring better information about intentions and capabilities." 3/
Read 6 tweets
10 Feb
Putin's trolls want you to believe that all Russians despised me as a "fomentor of revolution." Yet everywhere I went as Ambassador to Russia, including even Putin's Sochi Olympics in 2/2014, Russians stopped me & asked to take photos with me. Maybe this is why Putin banned me?
At the Sochi Olympics in 2014, I was constantly asked to pose for these photos. These Russians are not "revolutionaries." & they approached me, not the other way around.
Until I was banned by Putin, hundreds of students would attend my talks at universities, And so we instead invited students to come my residence. These events would sell out in minutes.
Read 4 tweets
8 Feb
George Shultz is rightly best known for how he and Reagan engaged Gorbachev and Shevardnadze to help end the Cold War. Shultz is less well known for how he helped to nudge autocratic allies out of power. THREAD 1/
.@adesnik and I wrote about these cases -- the Philippines, Chile, and South Korea -- in "Engaging Autocratic Allies to Promote Democracy" @TWQgw
The Washington Quarterly, Volume 29, Number 2, Spring 2006, pp. 7-26. 2/
Reagan and Shultz's use of coercive power to try to overthrow communist regimes did not work. The so-called "Reagan Doctrine" did not lead to democracy in Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, or Nicaragua. 3/
Read 7 tweets
6 Feb
"As communism began to fade, Putin exhibited attributes of an opportunist, not a populist nationalist." THREAD EXCERPT FROM "Putin, Putinism, and the Domestic Determinants of Russian Foreign Policy," mitpressjournals.org/doi/full/10.11…
"He could have joined Vladimir Zhirinovsky's Liberal Democratic Party of Russia, a nationalist party that achieved shocking electoral success in 1993. " 2/
"Or he could have aligned with the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, whose presidential candidate in 1996 almost won." 3/
Read 4 tweets
4 Feb
Terrific Biden foreign speech today @StateDept. I support the aspirations and policy goals he outlined. Now comes the hard part -- implementing strategies to achieve them. I have some (unsolicited) ideas. cc: @SecBlinken @jakejsullivan THREAD 1/
On enhancing U.S. diplomacy: americanpurpose.com/articles/dress… 2/
On advancing democracy abroad: americanpurpose.com/articles/somet… 3/
Read 7 tweets
2 Feb
In the wake of Navalny's wrongful imprisonment, reupping this old piece written during the Trump era & pulling out key points still relevant today. THREAD 1/ washingtonpost.com/opinions/a-rus…
"Alexei Navalny holds the audacious belief that Russians should be able to choose their leaders in free, fair and competitive elections. That’s why he tried to run for president in 2018, but was denied a place on the ballot." 2/
"He believes that government officials should not use their power for personal enrichment. That’s why he operates one of the most important investigative media outlets in Russia." 3/
Read 8 tweets
1 Feb
My back cover blurb for @kath_stoner RUSSIA RESURRECTED: "According to conventional wisdom, Russia is a weak and declining power. Kathryn Stoner's fantastic new book, Russia Resurrected, challenges that outdated notion along many dimensions. THREAD 1/
"Russian President Vladimir Putin is not playing a weak hand smartly when confronting the West, but deploying new and advanced military, cyber, diplomatic, and propaganda capabilities to pursue his dangerous, destabilizing, global agenda." 2/
Marshalling fresh empirical data and rethinking new methods for assessing power, Russia Resurrected should be a wakeup call for Western leaders, appear on every syllabus for courses on Russia & be essential reading for anyone seeking to understand Russia in the world today. 3
Read 4 tweets
29 Jan
As January winds down, I'm going to stop writing recs about what the Biden administration should do, and let them have a chance to try to get some things done. Pivoting now back to book writing. Listing here for last time my "should" list. THREAD 1/
- On diagnostics and what the Biden national security team inherits from the Trump administration; nbcnews.com/think/opinion/… via @NBCNewsTHINK 2/
- On improving diplomacy; americanpurpose.com/articles/dress… 3/
Read 8 tweets
28 Jan
"Bold, ambitious and new"? Really? Seems like a restatement of the current DC conventional wisdom to me. Nothing wrong with that ... in fact, that's good. I agree with much of it. But maybe I'm missing something about newness? Others weigh in? THREAD 1/
I guess the policy prescription to try to divide Xi from CCP is new (and not very Kennanesque). Seems very hard to do for the U.S., but I'm not a China expert as I assume the anonymous author is (Kennan was a Soviet expert). Curious to hear what other Chinese experts think. 2/
One new idea by "X 2.0" is analytically naive: "Dividing Russia from China in the future is equally so. Allowing Russia to drift fully into China’s strategic embrace over the last decade will go down as the single greatest geostrategic error of successive U.S. administrations."3/
Read 6 tweets
25 Jan
My piece w/ @kath_stoner from a year ago: "Russia now ranks a dismal 138 out of 180 countries on the Transparency International Corruptions Perception index, a drop from its rank of 60 in 2000 when Putin became president."
themoscowtimes.com/2020/01/21/chi… THREAD 1/
"The lack of significant improvement in the rule of law has stifled the engine of economic development, the creation of small and medium-sized enterprises, and suppressed investment and innovation, especially in Russia’s high-tech sector." 2/
"Putin’s adventurous, belligerent actions abroad ... triggered new international isolation and economic sanctions and further hindered economic development. " 3/
Read 7 tweets
23 Jan
To answer many questions being asked of me here about Navalny, reupping this old @PostOpinions essay with a short thread (for those who can't get behind the paywall) washingtonpost.com/opinions/a-rus… THREAD 1/
"Alexei Navalny holds the audacious belief that Russians should be able to choose their leaders in free, fair and competitive elections. That’s why he tried to run for president in 2018, but was denied a place on the ballot." 2/
"He believes that government officials should not use their power for personal enrichment. That’s why he operates one of the most important investigative media outlets in Russia." 3/
Read 10 tweets
21 Jan
As the new Biden national security security team settles in, reupping some recommendations for tackling various issues. (This will be my last set of recommendations for a while; don't want to be second guessing new team right away.) THREAD. 1/
How to improve U.S. diplomacy. americanpurpose.com/articles/dress… 2/
How to improve U.S. support for global democracy (which of course, starts with democratic renewal at home) americanpurpose.com/articles/somet… 3/
Read 8 tweets
19 Jan
During the @JoeBiden @Transition46 , Ive been offering some unsolicited policy recommendations in print. As they move today from transition to governance tomorrow, collating them all here in one THREAD. 1/.
On diagnostics, here is what the Biden national security team inherits from Trump tomorrow: "The good, the bad and the (very) ugly foreign policy legacy Trump leaves for Biden" nbcnews.com/think/opinion/… 2/
On prescriptions, here are 6 essays on how to improve (1) diplomacy, (2) support for global democracy, (3) strategic communications and USG media, as well as how to deal with (4) Russia, (5)China, and (6) Iran. 3/
Read 10 tweets
13 Jan
"On January 6, 2021 a violent mob attacked the United States Capitol to obstruct the process of our democracy and stop the counting of presidential electoral votes. This insurrection caused injury, death and destruction in the most sacred space in our Republic." THREAD 1/
"Much more will become clear in coming days and weeks, but what we know now is enough. The President of the United States summoned this mob, assembled the mob, and lit the flame of this attack. Everything that followed was his doing. " 2/
"None of this would have happened without the President. The President could have immediately and forcefully intervened to stop the violence. He did not. There has never been a greater betrayal by a President of the United States of his office and his oath to the Constitution."3/
Read 4 tweets
12 Jan
.@AnnaGBusse @didikuo1 @FukuyamaFrancis and I published a report last year called Global Populisms and Their Challenges, with relevance to recent U.S. "events" Get it here: stanford.app.box.com/s/0afiu4963qjy… A few highlights. THREAD 1/
"Democracies are vulnerable to populists in three ways. First, democracy relies on buy-in from both the electoral winners and the electoral losers to respect election results." 2/
"Winners have to constrain themselves: they cannot use the law to persecute their opponents or blatantly skew the rules of the game in their favor." 3/
Read 5 tweets
12 Jan
In February 2017, I published this piece @PostOpinions. "Opinion | We can’t let Trump go down Putin’s path." THREAD. 1/ washingtonpost.com/news/democracy…
Have witnessed and written extensively about the gradual erosion of democracy in Russia (& other countries), I thought we Americans could learn some lessons from the Russian "case". (Tweeting some of the key points from the piece, hidden behind a paywall) 2/
"Liberal friends of mine inside the Russian government at the time argued that they had to stay where they were so that they could resist Putin’s autocratic ways." We've heard that one now for 4 years. 3/
Read 14 tweets
21 Dec 20
I agree mostly with Bob Gates here: "The World Is Full of Challenges. Here’s How Biden Can Meet Them." THREAD 1/ nytimes.com/2020/12/18/opi…
On diagnosis, here's is my parallel take "Opinion | The good, the bad and the (very) ugly foreign policy legacy Trump leaves for Biden" nbcnews.com/think/opinion/… via @NBCNewsTHINK 2/
On Gates' call for reforming and enhancing diplomacy, here's my take: Dressing for Dinner 3/ americanpurpose.com/articles/dress…
Read 6 tweets
19 Dec 20
Saddened to read this story about Trump's decision to close our consulates in Ekaterinburg and Vladivostok. THREAD 1/ apnews.com/article/politi…
The U.S. should be seeking ways to engage more directly with Russian society. These consulates help. Some of my best trips in Russia as U.S. Ambassador were to Ekaterinburg and Vladivostok. 3/
In Ekaterinburg, the press followed me everywhere. They were eager for interaction. 4/
Read 6 tweets
18 Dec 20
Since the parlor game of naming ambassadors has begun, here are a few my unsolicited recommendations. First, some principles, We need experience qualified people -- career or political -- in the top jobs. I explain why here. THREAD 1/ americanpurpose.com/articles/dress…
Diplomacy with our rivals is most important. For China, Ambassador William Burns would be great. For Russia, Ambassador Maria Yovanovitch would be great. 2/
Next, we need strong ambassadors in the countries that help us contain (and engage) China and Russia. In Europe, that's Germany. Karen Donfried would be ideal there. In Asia, that's Japan. Kurt Campbell would be a strong ambassador there. 3/
Read 5 tweets