History Under Your Feet Profile picture
India a land where history literally lies under your feet at every corner. Exploring Indian history from ancient to medieval to modern.
Jan 21 46 tweets 12 min read
Rash Behari Bose, founder of INA, mentor to Netaji. a brilliant revolutionary, entrepreneur who set up the first Indian restaurant in Japan, the brains behind the entire INA movement.
Thread on his death anniversary today
#RashBehariBose There is a whole lot to Rash Behari Bose, one of the masterminds behind the plan to assassinate Lord Hardinge, the Viceroy, a key mover in the Ghadr conspiracy, meant to weaken the British army from inside, a master of disguise, camouflage and the founder of the INA
Jan 20 32 tweets 5 min read
Often called the second founder of the Maratha State, Balaji Vishwanath was the one who made the Peshwa all powerful, from a mere Prime Minister to the main power center. As well as ensuring the hold of the Chitpavan Brahmins over the position, primarily from Konkan.
Thread. When one looks at the history of the Maratha Empire, the Peshwa era is one of the most significant one, specifically from Balaji Vishwanath(1713-1720) to Raghunath Rao(1773-74), before Nana Fadnavis effectively became the defacto power behind the throne.
Jan 19 43 tweets 12 min read
Maharana Pratap passes away on this date in 1597, at his capital Chavand, one of the greatest Hindu warriors ever, a man who has been an inspiration to so many warriors and revolutionaries, one of the few Rajput rulers who refused to bow to Akbar. #Maharanapratap What do you make of a man who refused to bow before the mighty Mughal emperor Akbar, when most other Rajput rulers did? When his own brothers sided with Akbar, leaving him virtually alone? #MaharanaPratap
Jan 17 56 tweets 9 min read
Sri Krishna Deva Raya, under whose reign Vijayanagara attained greatest heights. His reign was marked by military conquests, patronage of arts and culture and flourishing of literature, and regarded as the Empire's Golden Age.
Thread on his Jayanti today. His father Tuluva Narasa Nayaka, a former Bunt chieftain, who became the commander, and later rose to power, founding the Tuluva dynasty, was a formidable warrior, and ruler himself.
Jan 16 37 tweets 7 min read
Tilka Manjhi and Telanga Kharia, one from Bhagalpur, another from Gumla, Jharkhand who lead an intense tribal resistance against the British in the forests of Jharkhand-Bihar.
Thread on these two not so well known heroes. Jharkhand whose name literally means “Bush land” or “Forest land” had a long history of resistance to the British colonial rule. Among the numerous tribes that make up the state, the Santhals are one of the dominant ones.
Jan 15 40 tweets 8 min read
While we celebrate #MakarSankranti on the same day in 1761, Sadashiva Rao Bhau commander of the Maratha Army , died on the battlefield at Panipat fighting to the end against the Afghans. A true hero who has never really got his due.
#LestWeForget Sadashiv Rao Bhau, has often been judged harshly by historians for the failure at Panipat , but he was the same person who also expanded the Maratha empire, consolidating on Baji Rao's conquests.
Jan 14 35 tweets 9 min read
One of the major festivals in the Telugu states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, is Sankranti, often called as Makara Sankranti. Along with Ugadi, Vinayaka Chaviti, Deepavali, Dasara, it is one of the most important festivals for Telugu speaking people. #Sankranti Essentially a harvest festival, it is celebrated primarily in the rural areas. It is primarily meant to celebrate the start of the harvest season and also the ending of winter too in a way.
Jan 13 35 tweets 6 min read
Masterda Surya Sen is brutally tortured and executed by the British on January 12,1934. The hero behind the Chittagong armory raid, that shook the British like never before. Thread on a truly great revolutionary. Masterda was the one who led one of the largest ever raids on the British at Chittagong, attacking their armory, cantonment, the exclusive Europeans only club there and the telegraph office there.
Jan 12 37 tweets 7 min read
While we celebrate Jayanti of #SwamiVivekananda today, it's also Jayanti of another great person, not so well known.
. Yellapragada Subbarao, a genius who made some of the most outstanding discoveries in medicine on par with the likes of Dr. Alexander Fleming, Ronald Ross. Dr. Subbarao was born on the same date as Swami Vivekananda, January 12th, in the coastal Andhra town of Bhimavaram. He would go on to make some of the most significant discoveries ever in medicine.
Jan 11 20 tweets 4 min read
Dokka Seethamma, who served poor people and travellers rice and food free of cost, a truly noble lady, also called as Andhra Annapurna.

Thread on her She was regarded as a veritable Annapurna(Goddess of food) in the Godavari Delta region for feeding many a hungry person hit by floods and drought there. An ordinary woman without much education, who fed every person seeking food, like a mother.
Jan 11 52 tweets 17 min read
“I am just an ordinary man and not a very bright man.”
On this date #LalBahadurShastri passed away of a rather "mysterious" heart attack.
Thread on one of the best PMs of India. He took over as PM,when India was facing one of it's worst crisis ever. Nehru had passed away due to a heart attack in 1964, the country had faced one of it's worst military defeats to China, 2 years before. #lalbahadurshastri
Jan 9 31 tweets 6 min read
Dr. Hargobind Khorana, who won the Nobel in 1968 along with Marshall Nirenberg and Robert Holley, for his work on genetics, one of the great scientists of the modern era.
Thread on his Jayanti today. Ever since the existence of earth,and the creation of various animals, birds and humans in the universe, one of the most fundamental questions, that has been asked. How is it that we are so similar to our parents?
Jan 4 60 tweets 10 min read
Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja, The Lion Of Kerala, who had humbled Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan and the British in his lifetime, a truly great warrior. Also referred to as Cotiote Rajah and Pychy Rajah, one of the earliest revolutionary warriors of India, much before the 1857 Mutiny. Born on January 3, 1753 in the lush, green, hilly ranges of Malabar, Pazhassi Raja knew the terrain like the back of his hand, and spent time, mobilizing the people there against the invaders, first the Mysore kingdom and later the British.
Jan 3 42 tweets 10 min read
Veerapandya Kattabomman one of the great freedom fighters, who would be an inspiration to many revolutionaries in Tamil Nadu. A terror to the British.
Thread on his Jayanti today. #VeerapandiyaKattabomman Panchalankurichi is a small village located in Tamil Nadu’s Thoothukudi district. It gets it’s name from the fact that 5 Pandya chieftains or Pancha Pandyas put up a brave resistance against the Madurai Nayaks in a valley( Kurichi) nearby.
Jan 2 23 tweets 5 min read
Satish Dhawan, the 3rd chairman of ISRO after whom the Sriharikota space center is named, and the man who shaped the organization and it's process to what it is today.

Thread on him. Image While Vikram Sarabhai, is well known as the founder of ISRO, it was Satish Dhawan who actually built on that foundation, put down the processes and structure that would define it and was a major reason for it's success.
Jan 1 37 tweets 7 min read
Satyendranath Bose or more popularly known as S.N.Bose. Well known for the Bose-Einstein condensate theory. And also a class of particles called Bosons named after him by Paul Dirac. One of the great scientists of modern era. Thread on his Jayanti today. But then again to call S.N.Bose just a scientist, would be akin to calling Leonardo Da Vinci a mere painter. Much like his other namesake and contemporary, J.C.Bose, he was a polymath, equally adept in music, literature,mineralogy.
Dec 31, 2022 24 tweets 4 min read
K.M. Munshi, freedom fighter, founder of Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, as well as the Vishwa Hindu Parishad. A lawyer by profession, he was also one of the foremost writers in Gujarati. And presided over the surrender of the Nizam post Operation Polo.
Thread on him. Kanaiyalal Maneklal Munshi was born on December 30, 1887 at Bharuch, he graduated from the MS University in Vadodara, with honors. He later received his LLB from Mumbai University in 1910, and was a registered lawyer.
Dec 30, 2022 34 tweets 6 min read
Vikram Sarabhai, the father of India’s space program, regarded as one of the greatest scientists of modern India. And who also made a signficant contribution to the nuclear program.

Thread on his death anniversary. Vikram Sarabhai was born on August 12, 1919, to Ambalal Sarabhai, a well known textile industrialist in Ahmedabad, and Sarala Devi. It was an auspicious day of Garuda Panchami.
Dec 29, 2022 4 tweets 2 min read
Gandikota a historical fiction novel set against the backdrop of the Vijayanagara Empire, where I have started publishing chapter wise. Request to please subscribe to the publication to get regular updates on the novel.
ratnakarwriter.substack.com/?r=92qyj&utm_c… The first chapter of the novel Gandikota, do check out and subscribe for more such chapters.

ratnakarwriter.substack.com/p/raichur-may-…
Dec 29, 2022 51 tweets 9 min read
Ramana Maharshi, one of the greatest Hindu seers of the modern era and a Jivanmukta( Liberated being) , whose teaching was aimed at Self Realization, centered around inquiry into the nature of Self about the notion of “I”.
Thread on his life and times. Arudra Darshanam, a festival observed in the Tamil month of Margazhi, primarily during December to January. Essentially a Shaivite festival,celebrating the cosmic form of Shiva, in the Nataraja form. It takes place on the full moon night, and is also the longest night.
Dec 28, 2022 23 tweets 5 min read
#TodayInHistory Shivaji Maharaj routs the Adil Shahi forces once again at the Battle of Kolhapur in 1659, as their commander Rustom Zaman flees the battlefield. This victory would make Aurangzeb take notice of him. Panhala literally meaning “Home of Serpents” was one of the 15 forts built by Bhoja II, the Shilhara ruler between 1178 and 1209 AD. The famous aphorism of Raja Bhoj, Gangu Teli is believed to have been associated with this fort.