On this day in 1937, the Basque market town of Gernika was bombed in the most emblematic episode of the Spanish Civil War, immortalised by Picasso's Guernica. A thread below of how commemoration of the bombing has evolved since in the 83 years since 👇
Gernika was bombed on the 26th of April 1937 by the Luftwaffe's Condor Legion, allied to General Franco's rebels. The bombing lasted for between 2 to 3 hours. It allowed the Nazi air force to practise their total warfare. Around 85% of buildings of the town were destroyed.
Gernika had little or no military significance and the bombing was intended instead to demoralise the population by not only killing and injuring civilians. Some scholars suggest that the bombing intentionally took place on a market day, to maximise casualties.
Ahead of the elections, a brief thread on each of the political parties' position with regards to historical memory debates👇#28A#MemoriaHistórica
First up, the Socialist Party (PSOE) have promised that they will not take 'even one step backwards’ on historical memory and will continue to 'dignify' victims. Prior to the election, PM Sánchez set a date for the exhumation of Franco’s remains.
The most outspoken party, Vox, have branded memory activists ‘bone-finders’, which has been taken as an insult. Vox has previously called for 2007's Historical Memory law to be scrapped entirely.