1)Hypertension is the consistent or persistent rise of the systemic arterial blood pressure.
2)It occurs when the maximum(systolic) pressure and minimum(diastolic) pressure is/or exceeds 130/80 or 140/90mmHg
3)The unit of blood pressure is given by mmHg which is “millimeters of mercury”.
4)Sphygmomanometer is the instrument used in measuring the blood pressure.
5)There are two major types of hypertension which include:
•Primary (essential) hypertension:
This hypertension has no known secondary cause, it is not related to another medical condition like kidney disease, use of contraceptive pills or problems with the hormones.
-If you are using vitamin E, discontinue it 1 month before surgery and continue only when you fully recover. This is because vitamin E interferes with blood clotting and will result in increased risk of bleeding.
-The daily vitamin E intake for a man and woman is 15mg.
-Vitamin E is good for the muscles and nerves
-Taking high dose of vitamin E can lead to vitamin E toxicity.
-Deficiency of vitamin E is highly unlikely.
-Pregnant women should only take vitamin E when prescribed by a healthcare provider.
-Vitamin E should not be taken together with ferrous sulphate, iron sucrose, selumetinib, cyclosporine, warfarin, asprin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin.
Prednisolone is a corticosteroid medication made from hydrocortisone. It is used in the treatment of inflammatory conditions like...
rheumatoid arthritis(the inflammation of the joints, usually caused by an autoimmune disease), dermatitis (the inflammation of the skin, here the skin becomes itchy and might develop blisters), eye inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease.
It is also used in the treatment of asthma, hypercalcemia( a situation in which there is a high amount of calcium in the blood) and certain allergies. Prednisolone can also be used for other purposes not listed here.
Tonsil stones occurs when there is buildup of bacteria and debris within and around the tonsils. This debris becomes calcified(hardened) and looks like a stone-like growth giving it the name “tonsil stones”...
Tonsil stones is different from tonsillitis in the sense that
-Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils
While tonsil stones generally doesn’t result in inflamed tonsils.
-Unlike Tonsilitis, tonsil stones rarely have larger complication of health but the tonsil stones can grow bigger and so does the unpleasant odor.
8 Routes of Drug Administration (RDA) that will SHOCK you
RDA are the various ways in which drugs can be administered into the body, various factors influence the choice of RDA... Below are 8 RDA that will shock you.
1. Intracarvenous injection:
Here the drug is injected through the base of the penis. Mainly used in older men to treat erectile dysfunction.
2. Intravitreal injection
Here the drug is administered through the eyes.
Most drugs are administered intravenously(IV), well, drugs are also administered through the arteries.
methotrexate used in cancer treatment is an example of drugs given through this route.
1) Tears are secreted by a gland known as lacrimal gland. So instead of saying, #Chelsea fans are crying, you can say, “They are lacrimating”. 2) Goats and rabbits are the only mammals without lacrimal gland.
3)There are three types of tears
•Basal tears: this tear plays a role in lubricating the eyes and keeping it moist. Problem with this will usually result in dry and itchy eyes.
Amphotericin B is an antifungal medication used for serious and life threatening fungal infections and leishmaniasis or unresponsive ones. It is used in the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis which is a serious infection of the brain and spinal column...👇🏿
Amphotericin B is usually administered via an injection into the spinal canal(also known as intrathecal administration).
The side effects of this drug include but not limited following
Fever, headache, weight loss,nausea and vomiting, muscle and joint pain.
Lumber puncture is a procedure which is used in obtaining cerebrospinal fluid for the diagnosis of Meningitis, Multiple sclerosis, and various other disorders of the brain and spinal cord.
Lumber puncture involves the withdrawal of cerebrospinal fluid by means of a hollow needle inserted into the region of the lower back mainly between the 3rd and 4th Lumber vertebrae(which also earned it the name, “Lumber puncture”).
The lumber vertebrae are bones that make up the the backbone. The procedure is carried out under local anesthetic. The procedure is usually with no risk to the patient, but it can be hazardous in individuals with raised intracranial pressure(pressure within the skull).
-The incidence of Down syndrome increases with maternal age especially from age 35 upwards... 👇🏿
Help share this
Although other causes of Down syndrome like chromosome rearrangement(translocation) and Mosaicism exist, which are not related to maternal age though they only account for 5% of all the cases. Meaning that advanced maternal age can play up 95% role in Down syndrome cases.
-Down syndrome can be detected prenatally through various tests like AMNIOCENTESIS, which is a diagnostic test.
-The condition can only be managed.
-The incidence of Down syndrome is expected to increase as many couples are postponing parenting until later in life.
When you get injured in the healing process your body might form scars to heal the wound, certain times there is accumulation of excessive amount of collagen resulting in a raised scar which do not regress.
This is known as a “raised scar” or KELOID.
*Collagen is the main structural protein in mammals.
Some treatments exist for this though certain keloids return after that.
Treatment for keloids include :
•Freezing the scar
Mrs A who has come of age, was not feeling so good about herself, she was feeling weak, and so fatigued, so she went to the hospital to see a doctor, she told the doctor how she felt and he ran a test...
he said she had hyperglycemia(high blood sugar, i.e diabetes), so he gave her Metformin and Glibenclamide, she went home, took the drugs and slept, one of her sons who was also a doctor but wasn’t in town called and asked of his mom
his brothers said she was fine, that she went to the hospital and the doctor gave her drugs, he asked which drugs, he was told, “metformin and glibenclamide”, he was alarmed immediately, he said their mother doesn’t have diabetes( high blood sugar)
• Feeling sad or empty
• Losing interest in your favorite activities
• Overeating or not eating at all
• Sleeping too much or having problem sleeping 👇🏿
• Feeling hopeless, irritable,anxious or guilty
• Having thoughts of suicide or death.
Once you constantly experience any of these symptoms please
Talk with someone you love, someone you can confide in or trust. DEPRESSION IS A SILENT KILLER. Speak up. You are loved. You matter and you so much make a difference in this world. Someone is waiting on you.