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29 Sep
11 Things You Should Know about Hypertension

1)Hypertension is the consistent or persistent rise of the systemic arterial blood pressure.
2)It occurs when the maximum(systolic) pressure and minimum(diastolic) pressure is/or exceeds 130/80 or 140/90mmHg

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3)The unit of blood pressure is given by mmHg which is “millimeters of mercury”.
4)Sphygmomanometer is the instrument used in measuring the blood pressure.
5)There are two major types of hypertension which include:

•Primary (essential) hypertension:
This hypertension has no known secondary cause, it is not related to another medical condition like kidney disease, use of contraceptive pills or problems with the hormones.
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28 Sep
Pentazocine: Why it shouldn’t be seen with pregnant women.

Pentazocine is a painkiller(opioid analgesic) used in the cases of mild to severe pain. It can be taken with or without food.

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Side effects of this drug include:

-Constipation
-Nausea
-Drowsiness
-Respiratory depression
-High blood pressure

Serious side effects to this drug include:

-Hallucination
-Nightmares or even
-Delusion.
Other side effects not included here exist.
Pentazocine shouldn’t be used during pregnancy as it might harm the baby.

The only instance in which it should be used by pregnant women is when there is TOTALLY no other option. And when the benefits is way higher than the harm it might cause to the baby or mother.
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27 Sep
10 Fascinating Stuffs Worth Knowing

1. Long term usage of Prednisolone can result in low serum testosterone in men leading to reduced sexual urge or even erectile dysfunction.

2. Long term usage of Prednisolone can cause menstrual problems in women.

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3. DRINKING LOTS OF WATER IS GOOD FOR YOUR HEALTH.

4. The best time for inserting IUD is mainly during a woman’s menstrual period. This is because at that moment the cervix is more dilated.
5. A minute kiss burns 26 calories. Well, start kissing 😂 but stay hydrated while on it.

6. Antibiotic abuse can result in antibiotic resistance. Use your antibiotics correctly.

7. Methionine can be used to prevent liver damage in cases of acetaminophen(paracetamol) poisoning.
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27 Sep
Some helpful tips

-If you are using vitamin E, discontinue it 1 month before surgery and continue only when you fully recover. This is because vitamin E interferes with blood clotting and will result in increased risk of bleeding.

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-The daily vitamin E intake for a man and woman is 15mg.

-Vitamin E is good for the muscles and nerves
-Taking high dose of vitamin E can lead to vitamin E toxicity.
-Deficiency of vitamin E is highly unlikely.
-Pregnant women should only take vitamin E when prescribed by a healthcare provider.
-Vitamin E should not be taken together with ferrous sulphate, iron sucrose, selumetinib, cyclosporine, warfarin, asprin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, indomethacin.
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26 Sep
17 Interesting Things You Need To know About Vitamin E

1)Vitamin E is also known as “Tocopherol”.
2)Taking vitamin E by mouth will help reduce anxiety, depression and cravings in some women with PMS (Premenstrual syndrome).

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3)It increases the level of testosterone as such increases sex drive
4)The required daily intake of vitamin E is 15mg for both man and woman
5)In men, vitamin E increases sperm count and sperm motility. Also, taking it by mouth improves pregnancy rates for men with fertility problems.

6)DO NOT CRUSH OR CHEW VITAMIN E CAPSULES.
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25 Sep
PREDNISOLONE: NOT ALONE

Prednisolone is a corticosteroid medication made from hydrocortisone. It is used in the treatment of inflammatory conditions like...

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rheumatoid arthritis(the inflammation of the joints, usually caused by an autoimmune disease), dermatitis (the inflammation of the skin, here the skin becomes itchy and might develop blisters), eye inflammation, inflammatory bowel disease.
It is also used in the treatment of asthma, hypercalcemia( a situation in which there is a high amount of calcium in the blood) and certain allergies. Prednisolone can also be used for other purposes not listed here.
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25 Sep
PHARMACISTS ARE DRUG BENDERS

#pharmacistday
WHAT WE BEND :

SAFE AND EFFECTIVE MEDICINES
What we still bend :

Poisons too.
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24 Sep
15 INTERESTING THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW

1)Folic acid is essential for pregnant women as it cuts the risks of certain serious birth defects like Spina bifida (defect to the spine) and...

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...Anencephaly (a serious birth defect where the child is born without part of his/her skull and brain).

2)Amniocentesis is a medical procedure which can be used prenatally for the detection of chromosomal abnormalities like Down syndrome.
3)Milk is not actually good for your ulcer, it would actually result in increased acidity in the stomach, yoghurt is better it contains probiotics that a good for your stomach.
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23 Sep
TONSIL STONES: The Agent of Stones

Tonsil stones occurs when there is buildup of bacteria and debris within and around the tonsils. This debris becomes calcified(hardened) and looks like a stone-like growth giving it the name “tonsil stones”...

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Tonsil stones is different from tonsillitis in the sense that
-Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils
While tonsil stones generally doesn’t result in inflamed tonsils.
-Unlike Tonsilitis, tonsil stones rarely have larger complication of health but the tonsil stones can grow bigger and so does the unpleasant odor.
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22 Sep
TONSILLITIS: TONSILS ON FIRE

Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils. The tonsils are the two masses of lymphatic tissue in the mouth.
Tonsillitis can result due to bacterial or viral infection...

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causing sore throat, fever, swollen glands around the neck and trouble swallowing.

Tonsillitis can result particularly due to streptococcal infection and if not properly treated by the use of antibiotics...
it can result in rheumatic fever(inflammation of the joints, heart and blood vessels) or even nephritis (which is the inflammation of the kidney).
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21 Sep
8 Routes of Drug Administration (RDA) that will SHOCK you

RDA are the various ways in which drugs can be administered into the body, various factors influence the choice of RDA... Below are 8 RDA that will shock you.

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1. Intracarvenous injection:
Here the drug is injected through the base of the penis. Mainly used in older men to treat erectile dysfunction.

2. Intravitreal injection
Here the drug is administered through the eyes. Image
3.Intra-arterial
Most drugs are administered intravenously(IV), well, drugs are also administered through the arteries.
methotrexate used in cancer treatment is an example of drugs given through this route.
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20 Sep
11 interesting things you didn’t know about tears

1) Tears are secreted by a gland known as lacrimal gland. So instead of saying, #Chelsea fans are crying, you can say, “They are lacrimating”.
2) Goats and rabbits are the only mammals without lacrimal gland.

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3)There are three types of tears
•Basal tears: this tear plays a role in lubricating the eyes and keeping it moist. Problem with this will usually result in dry and itchy eyes.
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19 Sep
Amphotericin B is an antifungal medication used for serious and life threatening fungal infections and leishmaniasis or unresponsive ones. It is used in the treatment of cryptococcal meningitis which is a serious infection of the brain and spinal column...👇🏿

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Amphotericin B is usually administered via an injection into the spinal canal(also known as intrathecal administration).
The side effects of this drug include but not limited following
Fever, headache, weight loss,nausea and vomiting, muscle and joint pain.
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19 Sep
Lumber puncture is a procedure which is used in obtaining cerebrospinal fluid for the diagnosis of Meningitis, Multiple sclerosis, and various other disorders of the brain and spinal cord.

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Lumber puncture involves the withdrawal of cerebrospinal fluid by means of a hollow needle inserted into the region of the lower back mainly between the 3rd and 4th Lumber vertebrae(which also earned it the name, “Lumber puncture”).
The lumber vertebrae are bones that make up the the backbone. The procedure is carried out under local anesthetic. The procedure is usually with no risk to the patient, but it can be hazardous in individuals with raised intracranial pressure(pressure within the skull).
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18 Sep
-The incidence of Down syndrome increases with maternal age especially from age 35 upwards... 👇🏿

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Although other causes of Down syndrome like chromosome rearrangement(translocation) and Mosaicism exist, which are not related to maternal age though they only account for 5% of all the cases. Meaning that advanced maternal age can play up 95% role in Down syndrome cases.
-Down syndrome can be detected prenatally through various tests like AMNIOCENTESIS, which is a diagnostic test.
-The condition can only be managed.
-The incidence of Down syndrome is expected to increase as many couples are postponing parenting until later in life.
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18 Sep
10 THINGS YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT DOWN SYNDROME

1)Down syndrome is not a disease, it is a condition which occurs when an individual has a full or partial copy of chromosome 21...

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The chromosomes are rod-like structures in which genes are grouped in. And genes carries the codes responsible for all inherited traits.
2)The additional genetic material in chromosome 21 alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome.
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16 Sep
DID YOU KNOW ???

When you get injured in the healing process your body might form scars to heal the wound, certain times there is accumulation of excessive amount of collagen resulting in a raised scar which do not regress.
This is known as a “raised scar” or KELOID.

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*Collagen is the main structural protein in mammals.
Some treatments exist for this though certain keloids return after that.
Treatment for keloids include :
•surgical removal
•Freezing the scar
•corticosteroid shots
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15 Sep
Symptoms of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) include

•Fatigue,weakness
•Pale skin
•Confusion
•Blurred vision
•Excessive sleepiness
•Nausea
•Excessive hunger
•Tremor
•Slurred speech
•Headache

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Once it is not managed properly it proceeds to hypoglycemic coma which then leads to death.
It’s is good to be aware of this symptoms so as to help in your management of your blood sugar level.
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15 Sep
Mrs A who has come of age, was not feeling so good about herself, she was feeling weak, and so fatigued, so she went to the hospital to see a doctor, she told the doctor how she felt and he ran a test...

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he said she had hyperglycemia(high blood sugar, i.e diabetes), so he gave her Metformin and Glibenclamide, she went home, took the drugs and slept, one of her sons who was also a doctor but wasn’t in town called and asked of his mom
his brothers said she was fine, that she went to the hospital and the doctor gave her drugs, he asked which drugs, he was told, “metformin and glibenclamide”, he was alarmed immediately, he said their mother doesn’t have diabetes( high blood sugar)
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15 Sep
You can be depressed without even knowing it.

Symptoms of depression include

• Feeling sad or empty
• Losing interest in your favorite activities
• Overeating or not eating at all
• Sleeping too much or having problem sleeping 👇🏿

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• Feeling hopeless, irritable,anxious or guilty
• Having thoughts of suicide or death.
Once you constantly experience any of these symptoms please
Talk with someone you love, someone you can confide in or trust. DEPRESSION IS A SILENT KILLER. Speak up. You are loved. You matter and you so much make a difference in this world. Someone is waiting on you.
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