Prof Lennart Nacke, PhD Profile picture
I share effective strategies to write better research papers. Wrote 200+ papers with 30k+ citations in under 15 years. Tenured Full Professor.
Rodrigo Rebouças ☕️🚴🏽‍♂️🏳️ Profile picture Oskar Almazan Profile picture 3 subscribed
Nov 10, 2023 13 tweets 3 min read
20 years ago, I struggled to articulate my research.

Sleepless nights and relentless revisions were my best teachers.

Here are 9 writing mistakes I made (and how I'd fix them today): A photograph of an older East Asian descent professor with long grey hair, wrinkles etched deeply into her face beneath her mortarboard, her eyes sparkling with an intense expression of surprise as she gazes at her laptop screen. The expression is exaggerated, almost comical. She sits on a beach chair, with the serene blue ocean waves softly breaking in the background. The scene is bathed in a Caribbean rainbow of light, adding to the sense of jubilant sunshine. Here's what you'll learn by reading this:

1. Dodging causation errors
2. Keeping sentences tidy
3. Smart conjunction choices
4. Nailing the specifics
5. Right grammar
6. Picking terminology
7. Trimming data fat
8. Clarifying goals
9. Sticking to one style

Let's go ↓
Sep 5, 2023 9 tweets 2 min read
If you're struggling to find a research topic, read this.

5 steps to find a topic in one day without overthinking.

↓ Trying to select a research paper topic?

• Master a fail-safe framework for topic choice.
• Vet topics for ethical and practical checks.
• Find topics that energize you.

Use the F.I.N.E.R criteria to nail it.

Feasible.
Interesting.
Novel.
Ethical.
Relevant.
Aug 29, 2023 17 tweets 4 min read
Reading is a superpower.

Learn it, and you will become an unstoppable academic writer.

Use these 9 techniques to master academic writing & reading + stop feeling guilty about it. ↓ You may be:

• An undergrad writing a term paper?
• A graduate student writing a seminar paper?
• A PhD candidate writing a conference/journal article?
• Any student starting their thesis?

BUT you have no clue how to get started on academic writing?

This 🧵 is for you.
Aug 25, 2023 10 tweets 3 min read
The most powerful research tool nobody talks about:

Pre-submission checklists.

I spent 50+ hours creating these checklists to help you publish better papers (use responsibly).↓ Introduction

✅ Introduced main problem/gap
✅ Defined research goals clearly
✅ Argued importance of problem
✅ Contribution is well-motivated
✅ Stated main contributions of research
✅ Significance and impact is well articulated
Aug 5, 2023 11 tweets 3 min read
I'll let you in on a secret...

Most discussion sections are the reason your paper gets rejected.

Here are 7 tips for how to make your discussion review-proof. ↓ Diagram overview of this thread on academic paper discussion section writing in a flowchart. 1. State why your research is essential.

At the beginning:

Quickly summarize results. Keep it brief!

Say why they matter to the field.
Jul 22, 2023 12 tweets 3 min read
Many academics get their most rapid writing done in the mornings.

But nobody likes the dread of staring at a blank page.

Here are 23 dead-simple prompts to jumpstart your morning writing. ↓ 1. Reflect on a recent academic article or book that has had a profound impact on your thinking. What was its main message?

2. What was it about this work that resonated with you?

3. How did it inspire you to explore new ideas within your own research?
Jul 20, 2023 10 tweets 3 min read
Used right, academic writing can be the world's most powerful process.

But too many research articles are cluttered, careless, and chaotic.

Here are 5 writing frameworks that can help you: ↓ Why should you trust me with this advice?

I have written 300+ peer-reviewed scientific papers in the last 15 years with 29k+ citations and been teaching writing courses.

Here are 5 structures we'll cover:
• Paper
• Paragraph
• Argument
• Thinking
• Relationship

Let's go.
Jul 16, 2023 11 tweets 3 min read
I have almost 30k citations and millions in research funding.

But almost 20 years ago, I just wrote my first research paper.

I had no writing support during grad school & I want you to have it better.

Here are secret actionable writing tips for 6 sections of your paper. ↓ Before we start, here is a checklist for your manuscript

✅ Delete adjectives modifying relationships
✅ Don't say 'differed' → explain relation
✅ Don't forget to mention limitations
✅ Use short instead of long words
✅ Spellcheck all + references

Check off before you submit
Jul 4, 2023 12 tweets 2 min read
Traditional academic writing styles suck.

Don't make your paper dull, dense, and inaccessible.

Create an irresistible masterpiece with these paper section templates.

Here's how: ↓ 1. Introduction

Not:
❌ In this paper, we present...

Instead:
✅ Through this exploration/investigation/study, we uncover...
Jun 25, 2023 13 tweets 3 min read
Stop drafting manuscripts.

Start creating masterpieces.

Create compelling, coherent, and captivating compositions.

Let me guide you through the critical sections of your papers.↓ Why should you trust me with this advice?

I have written 300+ peer-reviewed scientific papers in the last 15 years with more than 29,000 citations.

I am an Associate Editor at a major journal in my field and have chaired several conferences.

I've written and edited a lot.
Jun 23, 2023 24 tweets 5 min read
Don't start your paper from scratch.

Template phrases work wonders.

For brilliant academic writing,
here are 100+ valuable sentences.

Takes less than 7 minutes to include in your article. ↓ Distancing yourself

There has been some report that...
There is a widespread belief that...
According to common belief...
According to some reports...
As far as we know...
Jun 22, 2023 12 tweets 3 min read
3 simple mindsets that guarantee paper submission success ↓ 1. Assess your passion before seeking peer review for a project or paper

Take your time with this.

Discovering your passion requires a lot of practice.

No forward progress on the project, no passion.

Simple as that.

It exists.

Just find it in the project somewhere.
Jun 21, 2023 13 tweets 5 min read
Drop the capitalization of "knowledge."

Assert your research contribution instead.

Choose one of 7 different research contributions ↓

#chi2024 #phdchat #academictwitter Before we dive in.

A research paper is the ultimate capture & deliver tool for knowledge.

In a scientific paper, the research contribution is the star of the show.

In the interdisciplinary young field of HCI, these 7 patterns emerged.

Similar ones will exist in your field.
Jun 20, 2023 10 tweets 4 min read
Don't use ChatGPT to write your paper drafts.

It makes up false references.

Talk to the PDF document of a research paper instead!

(with the AskYourPDF plugin) ↓ For this plugin to work correctly, you have to:

1. Upload a PDF to AskYourPDF
2. Copy the doc id from the PDF into ChatGPT

Luckily, I just asked ChatGPT:
Can I upload a PDF here?

I got the link to the AskYourPDF upload site.

Then, upload the PDF and copy the doc id to ChatGPT
Jun 19, 2023 17 tweets 4 min read
Your paper's title is its landing page.

32% of social science &
82% of humanities articles
are never cited.

Avoid these conversion rates & get 7+ citations/article.

Here's how to write paper titles academics want to read ↓ Before we dive in.

There is a field called Titlelogy.

Titles fall into two groups:

1. Single-unit
2. Multi-unit

Single-unit titles are unbroken structures, phrases, to whole sentences.

Multi-unit titles combine words that modify a nominal title's central noun or noun phrase.
Jun 17, 2023 10 tweets 4 min read
Stop agonizing over how to say things in your paper.

Use templates to summarize, paraphrase, & quote.

Write more efficiently with these 6 templates ↓ 1. Capture Author Action: Summaries & Paraphrasing

Summarize & paraphrase like a pro with these target phrases:

• X observes that
• X argues that
• X believes that
• X questions whether
• X claims that
• X concedes that
• X demonstrates that
• X emphasizes that
Jun 17, 2023 16 tweets 4 min read
How to write your paper's research methods section

(without your choices seeming arbitrary to reviewers)
Writing Methods is where most people start their paper.

The goal:

Provide sufficient information for reviewers to assess the study's validity.

The explanation should be crystal clear, precise, and leave no room for confusion about how and why the experiment was conducted.
Jun 16, 2023 12 tweets 5 min read
No need to use ChatGPT *smartly* as a personal writing assistant

when there are so many other choices for academics out there.

Here are some of my favourite AI writing tools

(for academics) ↓ Ok, before I throw shade on ChatGPT, there are ways to make it work for academics.

And it is not free(+).

Use a plugin called ScholarAI.

You can ask it to provide articles about a topic & it does just that.

So far, I haven't had any errors, but always double-check accuracy.
Jun 15, 2023 15 tweets 5 min read
I have 29k+ citations to 300+ published papers.

I started by struggling with how to narrow down a research problem

(without any guidance from my PhD supervisor).

Here's how you frame a research problem statement

(in 5 super simple steps + examples) ↓ 1. Highlight the gap in existing research on your topic

• Focus your audience on unexplored research
• This shows readers why your research question needs exploration

✅ Ask yourself what areas of your topic existing research hasn't addressed yet.

❗️State that clearly.
Jun 14, 2023 11 tweets 3 min read
Close reading is a brutal superpower.

It isn't just reading.

Learn it, and you will become a rock-solid academic writer. ↓ The goal of academic writing is to make an original contribution.

Close reading identifies originality beyond the surface.

Arguments may be true but not good.

Because they're just obvious.

Good goes beyond obvious.
Jun 13, 2023 19 tweets 5 min read
Stop talking about literature reviews like they're all the same.

48+ distinct review types exist across 7 broad groups.

Still no consensus.

Here are the 7 broad categories of literature reviews ↓ 1. Traditional review

• multi-faceted approach
• clear process description
• uses study-shaped sampling
• increasing use of diverse literature sources

Systematic bibliographic database searches.
Methods like grey literature analysis or hand searching are discretionary.