Prof. Christina Pagel Profile picture
Prof Operational Research @UCL_CORU, health care, women in STEM. Member of @independentsage. Tweets personal. chrischirp at bluesky.
Chris Bugbee Profile picture 🇺🇦 🇪🇺 🇮🇱 🇵🇸 #FBPE Profile picture 🇺🇦🇺🇲☕️Coffee&Robots🤖🌊🇺🇦🇺🇲 Profile picture Dame Chris🌟🇺🇦😷 #RejoinEU #FBPE #GTTO🔶️ Profile picture Jay Jernigan Profile picture 134 subscribed
Dec 21, 2023 8 tweets 3 min read
Beyond a shadow of a doubt that England is in its biggest Covid wave for well over a year now, with latest ONS infection survey results published.

I've written about it here
Image The UKHSA have now published their modelled estimates of what percentage of English population has Covid. And as of a week ago it's high (4.3%) and rising.

Read all about it here!
Nov 30, 2023 5 tweets 3 min read
Short thread on what I said on Channel 4 news tonight.

1. Did I find Hancock a sympathetic witness?

A: I find it hard to have sympathy for someone who repeatedly claimed to have thrown protective ring around care homes, while discharging covid+ patients into them.

1/5 There were *28,000* excess deaths in care homes Apr-May 2020.

Harries thought it was "clinically reasonable" not to treat covid +ve residents in hospital. Even it was, it was NOT reasonable to return them somewhere they could infect so many other very vulnerable people. 2/5
Nov 30, 2023 17 tweets 3 min read
Hancock: "there was no way we could allow the NHS to become overwhelmed"

Except, the NHS WAS overwhelmed

Here is what NHS staff said about that time - Pls read whole 🧵
"It broke my soul"
"We cried, we came home exhausted. We were overwhelmed"

1/16 "Overnight we were told that all “safe working rules” were gone. There was no choice, we were forced to do it"

"It felt like a death sentence. It felt out of control"

"We were put on wards with no senior support, sometimes makeshift ... with little of the right equipment"

Aug 31, 2023 14 tweets 5 min read
THREAD: England Covid update

TLDR: modest August wave with flatlining hospital admissions, but expect a bigger wave later this autumn 1/12 Hospital admissions with Covid in England are still quite flat for 3rd week in a row and at a level below previous troughs.

Number of people with covid in critical care & primaril yin hospital because of Covid also flat & low.

Deaths ⬆️, from case rises few weeks ago 2/12

Aug 29, 2023 26 tweets 11 min read
THREAD: Various new or expanded cancer screening programmes have been announced recently and coverage has been overwhelmingly on the pros. But there are cons too.

So let's explore some of the pros and cons...

expansion of my @guardian article


First a screening recap : a relatively simple test that flags potential cause for concern. If flagged, you are offered more, gold standard, testing, often in a hospital (e.g. MRI scans, blood tests, other diagnostic procs). If those +Ve too, you are offered cancer treatment. 2/24
Aug 14, 2023 7 tweets 4 min read
SHORT THREAD on current state of the NHS in England:

TLDR: Ambulance response times improving, A&E improving but still bad, diagnosis and treatment waits are not good.

First - ambulance response times higher than pre-pandemic but way down on their peak - thankfully! 1/5 Image % of people waiting >4 hours from arrival in A&E to either admission *or* discharge is falling but higher than pre-2020.

A *bit* better than 2022.

% waiting >12 hrs *after admit decision* falling.

BUT % who need admission waiting more than 12 hrs from *arrival* is v high 2/5

Aug 3, 2023 9 tweets 3 min read
Covid update: bigger jump in England hospital admissions with Covid this week (40%⬆️). Also now seeing increase (28%⬆️) in number of patients in hospital primarily because of Covid.

Definitely in a wave but starting from much lower base than previous ones 1/6 Image Not sure how much it will take it off in Aug with holiday season (and biggest increases are in England holiday areas like the South West). There is a new Omicron variant around called EG.5.1 alongside XBB.1.16, and UKHSA estimate it's got about a 20% weekly growth advantage. 2/6 Image
Jul 15, 2023 15 tweets 6 min read
THREAD: what I think is happening with Covid in England right now.

TLDR: while data is sparse & comes with lots caveats, it's all pointing to pretty low Covid prevalence right now. 1/13 Firstly let's look at hospital data. Recorded Covid admissions are lower than they've been in a LONG time.

People often doubt this data because testing has changed (there is less testing in hospitals now). And that's true - but we can dig further into the data too. 2/13 Image
Jul 14, 2023 11 tweets 5 min read
THREAD: update on how the NHS is doing across ambulances, A&E, diagnostics & treatments.

TLDR: better than last winter (worst ever) but still much worse than pre pandemic. 1/10 Ambulance response times are much faster than they were this winter which is good, but still significantly slower than there were before "freedom" day in July 2021. 2/10 Image
Jul 5, 2023 16 tweets 6 min read
🧵our new definitive @bmj_latest peer-reviewed paper on kids hospitalisations in England!

More accessible & shorter version in this @ConversationUK article from me & @katebrown220

read on for the highlights! 1/…… The paper was led by @katebrown220 & specialist docs, with number crunching by @HarrisonDWilde using @BHFDataScience data on all admissions, tests etc.

We looked at all recorded first infections in kids 0-17 rys & any associated hospitalisations from Jul 2020 - March 2022. 2/15
Jun 29, 2023 14 tweets 6 min read
THREAD: why the NHS is not the key to saving the NHS

Health care to each according to their need and free for all is the NHS.

To protect that, the absolute number one thing we have to do is reduce need for health care.

My new article for @WiredUK
1/… E.g. take diabetes - a 2018 govt report listed as one of biggest issues for NHS accounting for 9% of NHS spend. 1 in 6 people in hosp were diabetic.

2/3 UK adults are overweight - a key risk factor. We now have record number of diabetics.

globally accelerating crisis 2/10

May 26, 2023 8 tweets 4 min read
THREAD: latest numbers on Covid in England.

TLDR: Disappointing uptake of Spring Booster but good news is that hospitalisations and deaths are going down and are at lowest we've seen in a while... 1/8 almost 60% of over 75s have had the Spring booster but only about a quarter of immuno-compromised. This is disappointing uptake - at equivalent time last autumn, about 80% of 75+ had been booster. 2/8 Image
May 16, 2023 28 tweets 10 min read
THREAD: OUR NEW PAPER on vax for 5-11 yr kids.

Most kids unvaxxed but have had at least 1 infection

Do they need vax & what are poss benefits inc vs Long Covid?

Our peer-reviewed paper in @Vaccines_MDPI is here:…

READ ON FOR SUMMARY 👇👇 1/26 Benefits depend on time since infection, strength of protection from inf & vax, future waves

Vax can be v beneficial if future attack rates high & long time since last inf. More benefit for Long Covid than hosp, cos LC is more common & prev infection offers less protection. 2/26 Image
Apr 28, 2023 7 tweets 2 min read
QUICK THREAD on workforce sickness absence in 2022...

TLDR: highest sickness absence since 2004, increases across all age groups, Covid def contributing to that, high exposure to (all) infections in health, education, hospitality and sick pay here remains far too low! 1/6 First, much higher overall sickness rate in 2022 compared to 2021 and all years since 2010. 2/6 Image
Apr 28, 2023 10 tweets 4 min read
THREAD: state of the NHS

The collapse of emergency services that we saw in December/January may be over (for now), but the broader NHS is still very much struggling as the latest performance indicators show... 1/8 Firstly, % of people waiting more than 4 hours in A&E from arrival to admission remains stubbornly high at 29%. Emergency care is still very stretched (often due to bottlenecks discharging patients from hospital) 2/8 Image
Apr 28, 2023 11 tweets 5 min read
THREAD: update on Covid in (mostly) England covering vaccines, hospitals, deaths, wastewater (sort of!) & variants...

First off, the spring vaccination campaign has started for 75 yrs+ & immunocompromised with 7-18% coverage so far but still a way to go 1/11 Image Before discussing hospital admissions (inc people who caught it in hospital) here is a summary of how testing has changed over the last year - with impacts on in-hospital transmission & reported admissions.

This is what I've pieced together from legacy websites! 2/11 Image
Mar 31, 2023 7 tweets 2 min read
A reminder of how Covid has disproportionately impacted the clinically extremely vulnerable (CEV) community and that they remain less well protected now. 1/6 First deaths - ONS data is from 2022 but clearly shows that after adjusting for age, men and women with disability had much higher rates of death from Covid compared to those with no disability. 2/6
Mar 31, 2023 13 tweets 5 min read
THREAD latest Covid numbers in England:

TLDR: lots of covid around, hospitalisations going down, no idea what's next or how we'll know...

Inc Long Covid and pilot ONS data 1/12 ONS infection survey has stopped so no new prevalence data. Hospital admissions are going down, suggesting the latest wave is receding. 2/12
Mar 31, 2023 5 tweets 3 min read
In today's @IndependentSage briefing we covered the situation for the clinically extremely vulnerable (CEV) for whom Covid remains a big risk.

Here is @MarkOak04974342 telling @drlennardlee what being CEV has meant over last 3 years & his wife & 3 kids, 2 at home, one not. 1/5 Before the pandemic he ran his own business and lived a relatively normal life, which has now been taken away. He explains why and that it affects 0.5-1 million people in the UK. 2/5
Mar 24, 2023 10 tweets 5 min read
Clips from today's @IndependentSage from world leading experts. PLEASE WATCH!

1. @EricTopol We know a LOT MORE now about how Long Covid manifests in people & physiological mechanisms (loads) BUT are FAR BEHIND on finding treatments. Signifcant pandemic legacy 1/9 2. Laura Moore Vogel, who has Long Covid herself for over 2 years, explains what impact it has has on her and how it has been utterly life changing 2/9
Mar 22, 2023 5 tweets 3 min read
Excellent @bmj_latest article by Steve Reicher, @SusanMichie , @robertjwest & @ProfJohnDrury pointing out that while govt whatapps talk about trying to frighten life out of people this WAS NOT THE ADVICE FROM SAGE…

Short thread on its main points!

While the advice from SAGE behavioural subgroup SPI-B was that people needed to understand the threat,they ALSO said people to understand what they could do about it and how they would be SUPPORTED. It should be about empowerment - not fear! 2/5 Image