Masks were called muzzles, germ shields and dirt traps. They gave people a “pig-like snout.”
Some snipped holes in their masks to smoke cigars. Others fastened them to dogs in mockery.
Bandits used them to rob banks.
There were calls to protest, like this one in California.
The first U.S. cases of the 1918 influenza pandemic came in March. By fall, 7 cities — San Francisco, Seattle, Oakland, Sacramento, Denver, Indianapolis and Pasadena, California — had mandatory mask laws.
San Francisco was at the forefront, becoming known as the “masked city.”
$600 weekly unemployment benefits expire for millions of Americans today.
—Democrats want to continue the payments through January.
—Republicans propose reducing it to $200 per week through September, with a plan to set total benefits at 70% of lost income after that.
Both parties include a 2nd round of stimulus checks for individuals.
The Democratic plan is more costly, because it offers more aid and would allow undocumented immigrants to receive money.
As colleges decide how and whether to reopen in the fall, many campuses have already been hit by the coronavirus.
We surveyed every public 4-year college in the U.S. along with many other top universities and found at least 6,300 cases tied to them. nyti.ms/2DlJMhV
Our survey is the most comprehensive look at the toll the virus has taken at U.S. universities: outbreaks on Greek Row at the University of Washington; the football team at Clemson; 438 cases at Central Florida.
Today's big tech hearing is set to be a bizarre spectacle: 4 men who run companies worth nearly $5 trillion combined — and who include 2 of the world's richest individuals — primed to argue that their businesses are really not that powerful after all. nyti.ms/3jQI1Kq
The captains of the New Gilded Age — Jeff Bezos of Amazon, Tim Cook of Apple, Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook and Sundar Pichai of Google — will testify via video call.
You can watch live and follow along with our tech reporters here: nyti.ms/3jQI1Kq
The coronavirus outbreak in the U.S. right now rivals any in the world.
It has been surging since mid-June, and the country’s rate of infection now puts it squarely in the top 10 countries with the worst outbreaks. nyti.ms/32QTX92
Among countries with at least a million people, the U.S. outbreak is 5th-worst in the world. It ranks with countries from the Persian Gulf, where the virus has spread rapidly among foreign laborers, South Africa, Israel and several countries in Latin America.
The current U.S. outbreak is especially stark when compared to other large, high-income countries. All have few cases today compared to the U.S.
Italy and Spain saw some of the worst early outbreaks, before strict control measures brought cases down. nyti.ms/32QTX92
We tracked donations to President Trump and Joe Biden from across the U.S. over the last 3 months — and the results offer yet another sign of the nation’s political divisions.
Here's a look at how they compare over all and in 5 key battleground states. nyti.ms/3hCdT3L
The data shows that, from April through June, Joe Biden had more donors in 26 states, including battlegrounds like Pennsylvania and North Carolina. President Trump led in 24 states, including critical states like Florida and Arizona. nyti.ms/3hCdT3L
Three of the 4 best ZIP codes for Joe Biden, in terms of the number of donors, were on Manhattan's Upper West Side.
President Trump's best ZIP code includes much of The Villages, a retirement community in Florida. Other strong areas were parts of the Houston and Phoenix suburbs.
Businesses are touting their cleanliness to lure customers back. Many of the people hired to do the cleaning say they’re not given enough time or resources to keep others – or themselves – safe from the spread of the coronavirus. nyti.ms/3hbJSYe
As Americans navigate whether and how to report to work, shop, eat out, travel and educate children, it’s almost impossible to tell how frequently or thoroughly anything is cleaned nyti.ms/3hbJSYe
In the American workplace, janitors are often treated as a labor cost to be contracted out for the lowest possible price. Many of the country’s more than 2 million custodians do their work at night, unseen, for minimum wage. nyti.ms/39dOomf
There is no official border negotiated high in the Himalayas, but instead a truce established a 2,100-mile Line of Actual Control. Soldiers from India and China clashed at a point in the Galwan Valley near the Line of Actual Control on June 15.
Indian officials have claimed that China was moving farther down the Galwan River than before while China claims sovereignty over the entire valley.
Galwan Valley is not the only area of tension, China has brought up weaponry in other parts along the Line of Actual Control, including north and east of Gogra, shown in this satellite image.
As U.S. intelligence agencies investigate whether a car bomb that killed 3 Marines in Afghanistan last year was detonated at the behest of a Russian military agency, family and friends of the Marines say it’s like experiencing their grief a second time nyti.ms/3gZTTYA
The debate over Russian bounties has brought the deaths of Staff Sgt. Christopher Slutman, 43, Sgt. Robert A. Hendriks, 25, and Staff Sgt. Benjamin Hines, 31, to the forefront of American consciousness after 18 years of U.S. involvement in Afghanistan. nyti.ms/3gZTTYA
The 3 Marines, all reservists, were killed on patrol on April 8, 2019, just 2 weeks before they were scheduled to go home — and while the U.S. was negotiating a peace deal with the Taliban. nyti.ms/3gZTTYA
At the height of Black Lives Matter protests in New York City, the police were repeatedly filmed using force against peaceful protesters.
We reviewed more than 60 videos. In many, force did not appear warranted. This thread contains scenes of violence. nyti.ms/32kZynW
A short video does not tell the whole story.
It's unclear, for example, what the NYPD officers’ intentions were or why protesters were being arrested or told to move. We also don't know what happened before the camera started rolling. nyti.ms/3eA0Duq
But in case after case, New York City police officers could be seen responding to protesters with fists and clubs.
For all their hero status, health workers are facing unimaginable pressure during the pandemic. Dr. Lorna M. Breen, an emergency room doctor at a New York City hospital, was known for being unflappable — until she faced the coronavirus. nyti.ms/2ZlO9SZ
In mid-March, Dr. Breen showed symptoms of Covid-19. Feverish and exhausted, she quarantined at home. She slept 14 hours in a row, was drained by small tasks, lost 5 pounds. But she still tried to sort out work problems, like a shortage of oxygen tanks. nyti.ms/2OhsEMw
When Dr. Breen returned to work on April 1, her emergency room was chaotic. She was scheduled for long shifts that bled into one another. Her coworkers found her frazzled and unlike her usual confident self. nyti.ms/2OhsEMw