Sāmapriẏa Basu Profile picture
PhD student in stat/probab, living in NC. Usually tweets on Indo-Iranian linguistics: Ossetic, Kashmiri, Bengali &c. 𑆧𑇌 𑆲𑇀𑆪𑇋𑆑𑆴 𑆯𑆳𑆫𑆢𑆳 𑆥𑇋𑆫𑆴𑆡𑇀𑇅
27 May 20
The #Chittagonian language has a very typologically unusual phonemic system.

Word initially, the only voiceless stops that are allowed to occur in native (or assimilated) vocabulary are <t, ṭ> = /t̻, ʈ/ = [t̻, t̺]. Initial [k] occurs too, but only as an allophone of /x/ ...
... before /i, e, u/, e.g.,
- Chittagonian খের xèr [kɛ̂ɾ] ('grass'), cf. Assamese খেৰ kʰer ('dry grass, thatching grass'), Bengali খড় kʰåṛ ('dry grass, thatching grass')
- Chittagonian খুরা xùra [kûɾʷɑ̟] ('hoof'), cf. Assamese খুৰা kʰura (id.), Bengali খুর kʰur (id.)
- Chittagonian কিছু xisù [kisû] ('some, a little'), cf. Assamese কিছু kisu (id.), Bengali কিছু kičʰu (id.)
- Chittagonian কেঁডা xẽḍa [kæ̃ɽa̠] ('thorn'), cf. Assamese কাঁটা kãta (id.), Bengali kãṭa (id.)

Before other vowels, [x] is the dominant initial realization of /x/.
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26 May 20
#IndoAryan faunal etymology!

#Khowar òhc /ôht͡s/ ('bear'), loan from a #Nuristani language like #Waigali.

Although cognate to #Sanskrit ŕ̥kṣaḣ, the Khowar form is probably not descended from it, i.e., not native to Khowar. Sanskrit kṣ regularly corresponds to c̣ʰ /ʈ͡ʂʰ/ ...
... in Khowar & other northern Indo-Aryan languages, and not to c /t͡s/.

Instead c /t͡s/ is seen in the neighboring Nuristani languages, cf.
- #Waigali ōc
- #Kam ic
- #Kati ic

The presence of c /t͡s/ in this (class of) word(s) is significant because it marks the uniqueness ...
... of Nuristani languages within Indo-Iranian (or Aryan for those who believe that Nuristani "split off" first from the Aryan linguistic mix while Indo-Iranian was still unified, thus distinguishing the bigger "Aryan" from the subgroup "Indo-Iranian").

In the Nuristani ...
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