Awe Onisokuso™ Profile picture
I'm here to express myself. No holds barred! No apologies for my views
KemiAsekun Profile picture 1 added to My Authors
12 Jul 20
One of our biggest challenges as Africans is the way we identify challenges

Especially in traditional issues

We tend to see a challenge as a reality we come to terms with, rather than a problem that needs a solution

Therefore, for example, we view crop wastage as a reality
to be exploited rather than a problem to be solved

We view security challenges in our country as a problem to be escaped (by migrating to Canada), rather than a problem that each of us can contribute to solve

We view corruption as either a challenge to be benefitted from, or
complained about. Never a problem that we should work together to solve

We view the issue of a dwindling foreign reserve as something to blame others about, rather than a problem we can partake in solving

We complain about govt waste but gladly accept the "perks" of office when
Read 6 tweets
11 Jul 20
Investment strategy for crop logistics, drying and storage in a maize farming catchment zone of 4000 hectares

Land cost (4 acres) - N1m
Store construction = N6.5m
(1000 Sq m storage facility)

Cost of storage N50 per bag per week

Total bags stored = 6,500 bags per month
6500 x 50 x 4 = 1.3m x 12 = 14.3m

Drying services (N1k per load)

4000 tons per annum at 500kg per load = 8000 x N1000 = N8m (40k bags)

Logistics services from farm to storage at N1k per ton(tractor for logistics costs N6m)

4000 tons at 4 tonnes per load = 4 x 1000 x 1000 = 4m
Therefore in one calendar year after customer acquisition

Total cost of establishment = N13.5m

Total annual revenue = N26.3m

Assume annual running cost (including insurance) of N10m

(this is all a back of the envelope calculation, but it's worth a shot in my opinion)
Read 5 tweets
11 Jul 20
As I speak in Ipele, Owo LGA Ondo state, 1 "congo" (1kg) of maize was sold at N400 at yesterday's market

This means that one hectare yielding 4 tonnes (40bags of 100kg each) would have fetched N1.6m at yesterday's market!

2 cycles of dry season farming will certainly fetch N1m
Let me spell out the process of planting 1 hectare of maize

Clearing - 55k
Brushing - 15k
Spraying - 25k
Planting - 12k
Weeding/Caretaker - 90k (1k daily)
Chemicals - 40k
Harvesting - 36k
Drying - 16k
Storage - 2k

Total= 295k

Sale price of 4MT at N150 per kg= 600k (3mths)
To forestall unrealistic expectations, I'll add a caveat that maize has been sold in some places for as low as N70 per kg in 2019

The beauty of my above plan is that the maize can be quickly harvested within 3 months as opposed to leaving it to dry on the stalk for 1 extra month
Read 4 tweets
11 Jul 20
Let me paint a clear scenario for massive private sector investment into rural agriculture, and let's examine the prospects for profit


Farmers please correct me when I err

Majority of farming in Nigeria takes place in the rainy season. Little dry season farming occurs
What is the average cost to set up one hectare of land (10,000 square meters) for irrigation?

1. Borehole - 800k
2. Irrigation equipment - 800k
3. Power supply for 6 months - 400k
4. Total - N2m

Now let's look at the possible outputs from one hectare in the dry season.
Maize (with proper procedure) - 4 tonnes (N400k x 2) at 3 months per cycle
Leafy vegetables - N800k per month (x 6 months)


Without considering additional farming, preservation & logistics costs, raw output in any dry season will give us close to N1m in value per dry season
Read 7 tweets
6 Jul 20
What is the single most transformative equipment that will impact Nigerian (nay African) agriculture?

No, its not the tractor.

Its the simple DRYER
How does a Nigerian dryer manufacturing startup remain competitive in the face of a potential onslaught by Chinese copycat competition, after establishing demand?

Superior customer and after sales service, in addition to nationwide warranty and maintenance structure!
Also, focus on small scale dryers for the micro processors!
Read 3 tweets
4 Jul 20
Nigeria has the largest Shea belt in the world, & it's recognized as the world's leading producer of Shea nuts with global output of about 45%

Documented annual production is between 330k–350k MT while potential production is estimated at 800k MT (2016)…
The RMRDC boss said that out of the 800,000mt of Shea nuts produced in Nigeria, only 20,000mt is processed into butter while the rest are exported to neighbouring West African countries

Shea butter has skin care, healing, & medicinal properties which makes its demand very high
Nigeria can generate up to $600 million annually from the use of shea butter by the cosmetics industry alone.

Mechanized processing of the nuts can speed up its duration and increase the scale of production
Read 5 tweets
29 Jun 20
I want to talk about maize and the problems we have with its supply in Nigeria


Maize is planted by farmers all over Nigeria because of its value as food for humans and animals; both fresh, dried and powdered.

Its also a source of starch

Nigeria is Africa's largest
producer of maize at approximately 33m tonnes per annum.

With 6-10m hectares of land under maize cultivation in Nigeria, it is appalling that our yield per hectare of land is under 1.8 tons

South Africa's yield per hectare is 4 tons, while Thailand's is 4.28 tons for comparison
Northern Nigeria with more entrenched irrigation is able to achieve up to 3 planting cycles per annum of maize,

But in most cases the best farmers only get 2 cycles per annum because of reliance on rain

Now to the crux of the reason why maize prices fluctuate wildly every year
Read 12 tweets
27 Jun 20
These days, I get questions from hundreds of people asking me to recommend a crop they should plant on their farm.

Having thought about this very well over the last few days, these are my ideas on how you can decide.

You will need to decide on your time frame for cultivation and harvest.

There are various types of crops.

Trees take from years and upwards to grow, eg: citrus, mangoes, palm fruits, coconuts, mangoes, etc

We have other fruit crops such as: cucumbers, melons, okra, maize, etc
We also have leafy vegetables such as pumpkin leaves, spinach, lettuce, spring onions, amaranth, jute, etc

Then we have roots such as yams, sweet potatoes, Irish potatoes, cassava, coco yam, carrots, etc

Another kind of crop is the bulb, examples of which are onions and garlic
Read 11 tweets
20 Jun 20
See ehn!

Marriage is a long distance journey

Its not a race, & it certainly isn't a competition between any of us

When running a long distance race, the rules that apply to short distances no longer apply

You are going to live with someone who will know every detail about you
See those "ojoro" that athletes do in sprint races, and is usually called "false start", or "jumping the gun"?

Nobody has time for such people when it comes to marathons

This because in a marathon, your initial "gra gra" is not what will help you cross the finish line!
Running a marathon means you need to run at a pace you are comfortable with.

You need to get used to conserving oxygen for hours on end, while taxing your body to the limit

Your body needs to be relaxed while maintaining an even speed with your posse of fellow runners
Read 12 tweets
19 Jun 20
1. Drought resistance

2. Natural pest resistance

3. Low cost cultivation

4. Grown in almost 30 states in Nigeria

5. Most demanded vegetable oil in the world

If you aren't yet considering planting or processing this seed, perhaps you should start!…
The processed seeds will produce husks (for animal feed, power generation, etc), oil (for both industrial use and export) and mash (for animal feed) , while the leaves are a nutritious vegetable which can be dried and powdered for human and animal consumption.
A huge gap exists in processing that needs exploiting…
Read 4 tweets
16 Jun 20
There's so much lack of understanding of agriculture on this TL that it makes one alarmed

What people need to understand about it is that every crop harvested and processed produces byproducts that are equal in to 3 or 4 times the value of the crop itself

And so, for example
Processed rice will give husks, bran, and fibres which are useful for several additives in animal feed, power generation, and other industrial uses, apart from the rice itself which we consume as a staple and as baby food

Processed maize, soybean, cassava, etc will give several
by-products like starch, ethanol, animal feed, and others in addition to the regular products we expect from the crops.

Cotton and palm oil will produce so many products from processing, that several seperate outputs we buy like brake pads, soap, Carboxymethyl cellulose, etc
Read 9 tweets
11 Jun 20
Fabrication is very costly in Nigeria because we have too few welders in our economy.

We need a programme that trains and produces welders the way we produce hairdressers, tailors, and bakers
More importantly, we need programmes that help our youth to combine several disciplines to produce the equipment which our economy needs to grow

Eg. Welders & carpenters should have basic knowledge of electric motors & how they work in order to produce low cost equipment for all
We need to get used to using modern tools for our fabrication works.

Motorized screwdrivers, drills, jig & rotary saws, etc should be commonplace with our woodworkers,

while knowhow to build power generators and other engines from scratch should be widespread
Read 5 tweets
6 May 20
If you have the time to watch this video

"how the economic machine works" By Ray Dalio

Please watch it either in YouTube or here

You'll be glad you did
Part 2
Part 3
Read 8 tweets
3 May 20
Someone opened my eyes to yet another potentially huge industry that we can build in Nigeria through the processing of a currently largely wasted product.

Banana/plantain stems/trunks

You see, Nigeria ranks among the highest producers (& consumers) of plantains in the world
A by-product of plantain (and banana) cultivation, is the stem, which is either usually wasted or used as mulching for the next planting season

Plantains multiply by producing up to 6 young suckers per mature plant

This means that Nigeria has the capacity to more than quadruple
Plantain production every year.

The stems of plantain, when processed, can be made into high fibres which are useful for the following products:

Blankets and carpets (with wool)
Pop fibre
Hair extensions (ie weave-ons)
Read 14 tweets
23 Apr 20
The idea that govt is a "father christmas" whose function is doling out everything free to citizens, is what has brought us to our knees in Nigeria.

When the most talented of our people have obtained the heavily subsidized education that empowers them to be productive,
the next thing they do is to leave our shores in search of a meaningful livelihood

Our successful governments have focused too much on irrelevant (yes I said it) aspirations such as free tertiary education, free infrastructure, etc, while neglecting the most important human need
The most productive segment of any country's population are those between 18 and 35 years old.

Yet our misconception of govt duties has meant that we are chasing an impossible dream of educating every Nigerian up to tertiary level for free.

What has come out of this national
Read 13 tweets
20 Apr 20
When pmb/pyo won the 2015 election, there was aplenty of change in political alignment

But the political interests of the elite largely remained the same

The oil dealers, currency speculators, bankers, contractors, and other "industrialists" all wanted to take advantage of the
change in power to push their interests forward.

Most of them already knew the key power brokers in the party

They had been assured that pmb would "play ball" to a reasonable extent

They visited him in Abuja, Kaduna & Daura

They plied him with gifts which he refused to accept
They lavished gifts on other members of his family

All in the bid to gain some influence on the man

His first bombshell to them came on the day of his inauguration

"I am for everybody, and I am for nobody"
Read 7 tweets
19 Apr 20
I have close friends that helped me out when things were hard for me.

They gave me money when I was broke, and were always there to listen to my challenges and offer solutions.

I owe those guys a lot of loyalty

We equally supported pmb at first when he got elected
I was more cautious in my expectations because of my understanding of the Nigerian situation and the several interests pmb would have to fight in order to make any meaningful impact

I was surprised after about a year or 2 when their loyalties changed and they began to vilify him
Initially I felt they had principled reason to be critical and suddenly against the regime

But my own loyalty isn't so easily swayed.

Even though there was a period I became bitter, I could still see the challenges being faced and obstacles being placed in the president's way
Read 14 tweets
12 Apr 20
Can you build a cold room? Do you install solar electricity?

These 2 categories of engineers should put heads together under this tweet to come up with a cost of building a low cost solar cold room that can be replicated nationwide.
They can be built to incorporate both refrigeration (for vegetables and other fresh foods), and freezing.

What will it cost to build a 10 ton cold room with refrigeration capacity? (approximately 3kw)

What will it cost to power it with solar electricity?

Leta hear from you!
Read 4 tweets
30 Mar 20
There was a time in my life that I confused self confidence with pride.

In my personal efforts to be of value to my creator, I felt part of the crucial exercise was self debasement

It was a metaphysical journey that took about 6 years.
I had moved from being a family indoctrinated theist, to the extreme of atheism (which took me through university and early marriage), and had emerged at a point of defeat and extreme brokenness at the other end.

This coincided with a period of familiarization and adjustment
There was I, made to believe that somehow, life's goal was a quest for human perfection modelled on self effort in order to court the favours of an unseen creator who I now fervently believed existed

The first casualty of this crusade was "pride"

In my lack of sophistication,
Read 8 tweets
10 Mar 20
Fear of failure, disgrace, self doubt, etc

These are all impulses to embrace your core. Who you really are, and what you stand for.

When under pressure, it is an opportunity to reveal what lies within

When the future is uncertain and everything threatens to capsize,
this is time to uncover who you really are

For me, it's a time I'm embraced by my essence

I'm comforted by something much bigger than I am

A reality that understands my situation beyond my conscious awareness

It is a time of spiritual communion

A metaphysical rapprochement
Read 2 tweets
3 Mar 20
Ever since I relocated to the farm, I have cemented my "rejection" of the bourgeois mindset as unrepresentative of the true essence of what Nigeria represents

Just like many city-born middle class individuals of the late 70s and 80s, I was born into a cocoon of privilege that
scarcely acknowledged the existence of any other social and income bracket other than itself

As far as we were concerned, every govt scholarship, job opening, healthcare perk, access to coveted recreational facilities, travel opportunity, etc, was our exclusive domain.
This is why we believed such claptrap like Nigeria's literacy rate being 88% in 1990

As far as we were concerned, our reality was the only one that existed.

My jolt into reality happened when my dad died in a car accident in 1992 & I was violently brought down to earth as a kid
Read 10 tweets