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Jan 13, 23 tweets

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985- "The White Indians" in short thousands of Europeans are Indians as Hector de Crevecoeur put it - New France fur trade hundreds of young men voyageurs and coureurs de bois adopted many

aspects of native culture. following council protocol, and forging alliances with headmen and important traders by marrying native women a la facon du pays.

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985-seventeenth century promoted intermarriage in order to create one people with the natives.

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985- fundamental reason for taking captives was to secure new family members for their families and clans.

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985- Indians wasted no time in transforming 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐢𝐫 𝐡𝐨𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐥𝐞 𝐨𝐫 𝐟𝐞𝐚𝐫𝐟𝐮𝐥 𝐰𝐡𝐢𝐭𝐞 𝐜𝐚𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐯𝐞𝐬 𝐢𝐧𝐭𝐨 𝐚𝐟𝐟𝐞𝐜𝐭𝐢𝐨𝐧𝐚𝐭𝐞 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐚𝐧 𝐫𝐞𝐥𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐯𝐞𝐬.

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985-Father here is your flesh and blood, 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐲 𝐡𝐚𝐯𝐞 𝐛𝐞𝐞𝐧 𝐚𝐥𝐥 𝐭𝐢𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐨 𝐮𝐬 𝐛𝐲 #ADOPTION , 𝐰𝐞 𝐰𝐢𝐥𝐥 𝐚𝐥𝐰𝐚𝐲𝐬 𝐥𝐨𝐨𝐤 𝐮𝐩𝐨𝐧 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦 𝐚𝐬 𝐫𝐞𝐥𝐚𝐭𝐢𝐯𝐞𝐬.

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985- Louis Hennpin was adopted by the Sioux, his Indian father told his wives that they were to treat me as one of his sons.

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985-account by James Smith through an interpreter- 𝐦𝐲 𝐬𝐨𝐧 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐟𝐥𝐞𝐬𝐡 𝐨𝐟 𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐟𝐥𝐞𝐬𝐡 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐛𝐨𝐧𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐛𝐨𝐧𝐞. Every drop of white blood has been washed out

of your veins. / The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985- 𝐬𝐲𝐦𝐛𝐨𝐥𝐢𝐜𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐲 𝐩𝐮𝐫𝐠𝐞𝐝 𝐨𝐟 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐢𝐫 𝐰𝐡𝐢𝐭𝐞𝐧𝐞𝐬𝐬 𝐛𝐲 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐢𝐫 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐚𝐧 𝐛𝐚𝐩𝐭𝐢𝐬𝐦 the initiates were dressed in Indian cloths, feathers,

jewelry and paint./ After what has passed this day, you are now one of us (French Mohawk)nation, and initiated into a war-like tribe. You are adopted into a great family and now recieved with great seriousness and solemnity in the room and place of a great man. After what has

passed this day 𝐲𝐨𝐮 𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐧𝐨𝐰 𝐨𝐧𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐮𝐬 𝐛𝐲 𝐚𝐧 𝐨𝐥𝐝 𝐬𝐭𝐫𝐨𝐧𝐠 𝐥𝐚𝐰 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐜𝐮𝐬𝐭𝐨𝐦. My son, you have no nothing to fear. We are now under the same obligations to love, support and defend you that we are to love and to defend one another. Therefor you

𝐚𝐫𝐞 𝐭𝐨 𝐜𝐨𝐧𝐬𝐢𝐝𝐞𝐫 𝐲𝐨𝐮𝐫𝐬𝐞𝐥𝐟 𝐚𝐬 𝐨𝐧𝐞 𝐨𝐟 𝐨𝐮𝐫 𝐩𝐞𝐨𝐩𝐥𝐞. / The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985- the captives could begin their cultural transformation - first rite tried to beat out the whiteness of

the captives, second washed it out./ The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985- the interpreter introduced each family member of the new family, in one case from brother to SEVENTH cousins. - same relationship to them as the one

they stood in stead of. / The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985- The Indians were serious in their professions of equality to their captives.

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985-Once the captives had earned trust of their Indian families, 𝐧𝐨𝐭𝐡𝐢𝐧𝐠 𝐢𝐧 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐢𝐚𝐧 𝐥𝐢𝐟𝐞 𝐰𝐚𝐬 𝐝𝐞𝐧𝐢𝐞𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐞𝐦.

The invasion within-the contest of cultures in Colonial North America-Axtell, James 1985- In public office , in every sphere of Indian life, the colonial captives found that the color of their skin was unimportant, only their talent and inclination of their heart mattered.

The invasion within - the contest of cultures in Colonial North America- Axtell, James 1985 - perhaps the most telling evidence of the Indians receptivity to adopted white leadership comes from Old White Chief an adopted Iroquois.

The invasion within - the contest of cultures in Colonial North America- Axtell, James 1985 - the Indians of the Northeast readily admitted white captives to their highest councils and offices.

The invasion within - the contest of cultures in Colonial North America- Axtell, James 1985 - In public office as in every sphere of Indian life, the colonial captives found that the color of their skin was unimportant.

The invasion within - the contest of cultures in Colonial North America- Axtell, James 1985 - The formalities , purgation's and initiations were now completed- by example and instruction to make an Indian of you - Delawares told John Brickell.

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