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Ancient Coin of the Day: A cracking example of Persian satrapal coinage - a silver stater minted by the satrap Tiribazus, ca. 387-380 BC. #ACOTD #Persia

Image: British Museum (GC21 (BMC Greek (Lycaonia)) (164) (12))
Tiribazus produced coins of this design at four mints, Mallos, Issos, Tarsus, and Soli, though issues from the first two are the more common. The Obverse shows Ahuramazda holding a flower (perhaps a lotus) in the right hand, a wreath in the left.
The Reverse shows a standing male divinity, who has been interpreted as being either Baal or Zeus, the iconography being similar between the two, although a standing Baal figure is again less common.
The interpretation of the standing figure as Zeus may be linked to the interconnections between Greece and Persia at this time, with Tiribazus perhaps making the coinage deliberately ambiguous.
However, it is the other side that is more striking here, with Tiribazus' coinage resplendently designed to highlight the Persian deity Ahuramazda, a die type that was used ca. 387-380 BC.

Image: Obverse of British Museum BNK,G.1157
The figure has also been interpreted as being the personification of 'farr(ah)' (god-given glory or fortune; also 'farnah').

For more on this interpretation see, Wieshöfer, J., 2003, 'Tarkumuwa und das Farnah', in Henkelman & Kuhrt (eds.), 'A Persian Perspective': 174-185.
And for more on satrapal coinage, see:

BRINDLEY, JAMES C. “Early Coinages Attributable to Issus.” The Numismatic Chronicle (1966-), vol. 153, 1993, pp. 1–10.

#ACOTD #Persia
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