మకర సంక్రాంతి ఉత్సవం - Mākāra saṅkrānti utsavaṁ

।। ऊँ ह्रां ह्रीं ह्रौं सः सूर्याय नमः।।

Đ word 'Sankranti' literally means 'movement'.
Almost all Hindu festivals are dependent on the position of d moon; however,Mākāra Sankrāntī is based on the position of the Sun.

There are twelve Sankrantis in a year. These are twelve days in a year when the Sun moves from one constellation to another. From Makar Sankranti, Sun starts moving towards the North direction which is also known as Uttarayana.
The sun on this day ends it's southward journey,
that is dakshinayan, and starts moving northwards ie uttarayan, Hence, the festival precisely denotes the movement of the Sun into Makar zodiac. Uttarayana is regarded as the period of Divinity.
On the day of Makar Sankranti festival, the duration of the day and that of the night
is equal making it one of the oldest solstice festivals.

Cultural Importance :

Along with worshipping the Surya following is also integral to Makara Sankranti :-

I) Mutyala Muggulu or Sankranthi Muggu & Gobbillu or Gobbemmalu : Gobbillu is a Telugu word for small cow dung
balls, Balls prepared with Cow dung and decorated with turmeric and flowers were placed on the designs.These are called as 'Gobbillu'. It is an age old tradition in Andhra Pradesh to place ‘gobbillu’ on the ‘Sankranti Muggulu’.
II) Harvest Festival:
The Makar Sankranti festival is also known and referred to as the harvest festival because this is the time when harvesting is complete and there are big celebrations. This is the day we acknowledge all those who assisted in making the harvest.
On this day,
farmers pay tribute to the natural elements like fire, earth and rain that enabled the harvest.
II) Haridasu A unique feature of Sankranti in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana is that haridasus (devotees of Hari or Lord Vishnu) go from house to house singing songs of the Lord with musical instrument in one hand and a pair of wooden blocks used as cymbals in other hand & hard
yellow pumpkin shell ( out covering) of the yellow pumpkin ( tiya gummed ) is placed on his head (he uses this as a container & accepts grains in it ) can be seen in this day. When the lady of the house comes out with handful of grains, Haridasu bends down on his knees & the lady
pours the grains in this pumpkin-shell container. Then he blesses her saying the words ‘Krishnaarpanam’ which means ‘offered to Lord Krishna’.

III) Gangireddu or Basavanna , A person who begs alms for rice carrying a ‘gangireddu (bull) by singing folk songs with ‘sannai’
(clarinet) and the bull dances to his tunes with nodding head.

IV) Bommala Koluvu : is another main activity of Makara Sankranti. Kids or young girls assisted by the elders neatly arrange & display their bommalu (dolls) in a beautiful way. And in the evening all families will
showcase their dolls on the array of steps and organises a party in their homes. This is called as Bommala Koluvu.
(I haven't covered about sweets & kites as I feel they are well known facets).

Spiritual importance:
On Makar Sankranti from sunrise to sunset, the environment is
full of chaitanya or divine consciousness. Thus a seeker doing sadhana (spiritual practice) can derive the maximum benefit of the increased chaitanya. Due to the chaitanya, tejtattva (absolute fire principle) also increases in seekers. This day is very conducive for sadhana.
Can anything in this world match our Hindu heritage, culture & traditions ; Not at all.
Truly we are blessed to be born in
Đ Sanātana dharma ~ Eternal.
Practice Preach Preserve & Pass this on to Next Gen!
Be a Proud Hindu !
Be a Proud Sanatani !

I ओम् तत् सत् I
I ॐ Tat Sat I
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