Sir William Brown, 1st Baronet, of Richmond Hill - Wikipedia

Sir William Brown, 1st Baronet DL (30 May 1784 – 3 March 1864) was a British merchant and banker, founder of the banking-house of Brown, Shipley & Co. and a Liberal politician who sat in the…
House of Commons from 1846 to 1859. In a few years the house at Baltimore became the firm of Alexander Brown & Sons, consisting of the father and his sons, William, John, George, and James.[4] James established himself at New York City and John at Philadelphia
In 1809, William returned to the United Kingdom, established a branch of the firm in Liverpool, and they shortly afterwards abandoned the exclusive linen business and became general merchants. The transactions of the firm soon extended so as to require further branches, Brown
took on a partner, and the firm became known as Brown, Shipley & Co., Liverpool and London merchants. Brown, at one time, served as the chairman of the Atlantic Telegraph Company.
His business, both mercantile and banking, continued to increase, and in 1844 he held one sixth of the trade between Great Britain and the United States. "There is hardly," declared Richard Cobden at this period, "a wind that blows, or a tide that flows in the Mersey, that does
not bring a ship freighted with cotton or some other costly commodity for Mr Brown's house."In 1825, William took an active part in the agitation for the reform in the management of the Liverpool docks.

In 1856, friction arose between the British and American governments
because British consuls were enlisting recruits for the Crimean War, but this was largely allayed by Brown, who in an interview with Lord Palmerston, then prime-minister, explained the objections taken in America.
Through his son Alexander, he was a grandfather of Lt. Col. Sir William Richmond Brown, 2nd Baronet, who served as High Sheriff of Northamptonshire in 1873; James Clifton Brown (1841–1917), Member of Parliament for Newbury; Sir Alexander Hargreaves Brown, 1st Baronet (1844–1922),
In 1800, Irish merchant Alexander Brown, founder of Alex Brown & Sons went into business in Baltimore, Maryland, importing Irish linen and exporting cotton and tobacco back to Britain.
In 1918 the partnership between Brown, Shipley and its American partners Brown Bros. & Co. ended, although each continued to act as agents for the other for some time. In 1946, Brown Shipley became a limited company.
Brown Bros. & Co. was an investment bank from 1818 until its merger with Harriman Brothers & Company in 1931, to form Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.
In 1931, the firm merged with Harriman Brothers & Company, another Wall Street firm owned by W. Averell Harriman and E. Roland
Harriman, to form Brown Brothers Harriman & Co.

Brown Brothers Harriman is also notable for the number of influential American politicians, government appointees, and Cabinet members who have worked at the company, such as W. Averell Harriman, Prescott Bush, Robert A. Lovett,
Richard W. Fisher, Robert Roosa, and Alan Greenspan.

Time's December 22, 1930, issue announced that the three-way merger featured 11 Yale graduates among 16 founding partners.[13] Eight of the partners listed above, except for Moreau Delano and Thatcher Brown, were Skull and
Bones members.[14]
In 1930s the company acted as a US base for the German industrialist, Fritz Thyssen, who helped finance Adolf Hitler.

After the passage of the Glass-Steagall Act, the partners decided to focus on commercial banking, becoming a private bank, and spin its
securities marketing and underwriting off into Harriman, Ripley and Company which eventually evolved into Drexel Burnham Lambert via mergers.

Harriman, a partner in the firm, was the ambassador and statesman responsible for the relationship between Winston Churchill and
Franklin Roosevelt during World War II.

Drexel Burnham Lambert was an American investment bank that was forced into bankruptcy in 1990 due to its involvement in illegal activities in the junk bond market, driven by senior executive Michael Milken.
On February 1990, Drexel was forced into Chapter 11 bankruptcy by the chairmen of the New York Federal Reserve and the Securities and Exchange Commission. It was the first Wall Street firm to be forced into bankruptcy since the Great Depression.
The company made money in the opportunities created by mid-century gold finds in California. The company was also involved in financial deals with the federal government during the Mexican–American War and the U.S. Civil War. A. J. Drexel took over the firm when his father died
in 1863. He partnered with J. P. Morgan and created one of the largest banking companies in the world, Drexel, Morgan & Co.

It merged with Harriman, Ripley and Company in 1965,[6] and renamed itself Drexel Harriman Ripley. In the mid-1970s, it sold a 25 percent stake to
Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, renaming itself Drexel Firestone.

In 1976, it merged with William D. Witter (also known as Lambert Brussels Witter), a small "research boutique" that was the American arm of Belgian-based Groupe Bruxelles Lambert. The firm was renamed Drexel
Burnham Lambert, and incorporated that year after 41 years as a limited partnership.

Among the deals it financed during this time were T. Boone Pickens' failed runs at Gulf Oil and Unocal, Carl Icahn's bid for Phillips 66, Ted Turner's buyout of MGM/UA,[6] and
Kohlberg Kravis Roberts successful bid for RJR Nabisco.

Levine pleaded guilty to four felonies, and implicated one of his recent partners, super-arbitrageur Ivan Boesky. Largely based on information Boesky promised to provide about his dealings with Milken, the SEC initiated an
investigation of Drexel on November 17. Two days later, Rudy Giuliani, then the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, launched his own investigation. Ominously, Milken refused to cooperate with Drexel's own internal investigation, only speaking through
his attorneys. A year later, Martin Siegel, the co-head of M&A, pleaded guilty to sharing inside information with Boesky during his tenure at Kidder, Peabody. His involvement in criminal activities is recounted in Den of Thieves by Pulitzer Prize-winning author James B. Stewart.
Leon David Black (born July 31, 1951)[2] is an American investor, best known as the co-founder, chairman, and former-CEO of private equity firm Apollo Global Management. Black collects art and has served as the chairman of MoMA.
From 1977 to 1990, Black was employed by investment bank Drexel Burnham Lambert, where he served as managing director, head of the Mergers & Acquisitions Group, and co-head of the Corporate Finance Department.[9] Black was regarded as "junk bond king" Michael Milken's
right-hand man at Drexel.[10] In 1990, he co-founded, on the heels of the collapse of Drexel Burnham Lambert, the private equity firm Apollo Global Management

Black is a son of Eli M. Black (1921–1975), a prominent Jewish businessman who emigrated from Poland and was best known
for owning the United Brands Company. His mother, Shirley Lubell (sister of Tulsa oil executive Benedict I. Lubell) was an artist.[4] In 1975, his father committed suicide by jumping out of the 44th floor of the Pan Am Building in New York City. It was later made public that, at
the time, federal regulators were investigating allegations that United Brands was bribing Honduran government officials.[

On Monday, lawyers for Apollo pointed to that professional relationship to explain why its founder had paid $158m to Epstein over a five-year period
ending in 2017 during which the disgraced businessman served as Mr Black’s high-priced adviser on issues ranging from audits by the tax authorities, management of his yacht and private plane and a dispute over the ownership of a sculpture by Pablo Picasso.
In 1958, United acquired rights to explore for petroleum and natural gas in Panama, Ecuador, and Colombia. This relatively unfocused stream of acquisitions ended when United Fruit merged with AMK Corporation in June,1970.
In 1966 AMK, originally a producer of milk-bottle caps, had acquired a third of the common shares of John Morrell and Company, a meat packer, and in December of the following year acquired the rest. Eli Black, the president and chairman of AMK, gained a reputation for financial
wizardry with this acquisition—Morrell, the fourth-largest meat packer in the country, was twenty times larger than AMK.

Lindner insurance companies began to invest in junk bonds and other Lindner companies began to issue junk bonds. The SEC noted that Lindner companies were
the single largest filers of new issues of securities in the U.S. Lindner was repeatedly accused of self-dealing in the corporations under his control; e.g., having such a corporation give him a private aircraft. He became closely associated with Michael Milken and the others
in the junk bond field to the extent that his financial institutions invested in the junk bonds of the others.

On December 6, 2006, American Financial sold assets acquired from successors to the dissolution of the Penn Central Railroad including the land under
Grand Central Terminal and the 156 miles (251 km) of Metro North track leading to the New York City landmark to Argent Ventures.

In July 2019, Argent Ventures has taken over Princeton 's University Square office building from RXR Realty and The Blackstone Group.
Blackstone was founded in 1985 as a mergers and acquisitions firm by Peter G. Peterson and Stephen A. Schwarzman, who had previously worked together at Lehman Brothers.
The building was constructed in 1929 by James T. Lee, the grandfather of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis – Onassis lived there as a child 

In 1937, one of the first well-known residents was John D. Rockefeller, Jr., who moved into 15/16B, a duplex that many still consider New
York's crown jewel apartment. According to New York City real estate lore, "whoever inherits the biggest penthouse at 740 inherits the throne of New York society itself."[

In 1979, the French government purchased an 18-room duplex for $600,000 to be used as their United Nations
ambassador's residence.[9] The French government's duplex unit was sold in June 2014 for $70 million, reportedly $22 million over the asking price – a bidding war involving three prospective buyers escalated the eventual selling price. The buyer was hedge fund billionaire Israel
Englander, who already lived in the unit directly above, and surpassed a record set just days earlier by Egypt's richest man, Nassef Sawiris, for a penthouse unit on nearby Fifth Avenue.
In 1985, Englander and his partner John Mulheren Jr., started an investment firm called Jamie Securities Co. with a $75 million investment from the Belzberg family of Canada. Mulheren had previously worked as a trader for Ivan Boesky. In February 1988, when Boesky was later
convicted of insider trading, and agreed to testify against Mulheren in a plea deal to receive a lesser sentence,[1] Mulheren was arrested for carrying a loaded assault rifle, .[5] convicted of orchestrating illegal stock trades for Boesky, but the ruling was later overturned.
Although Englander was never implicated in the matter in any way, Jamie Securities was dissolved in 1988 due to the negative publicity in the aftermath of Mulheren's situation

During college, he interned at Oppenheimer & Co. (where his future brother-in-law, Jack Nash, would
eventually become president and chairman) and at the New York Stock Exchange.

Robert Jain - In 2016 Millennium Management hired Robert Jain to join Israel Englander as co-CIO. He was then global head of Credit Suisse Asset Management, the money management arm of Credit Suisse.

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