Kaṭhopaniṣad : {प्रविभागः-i}

कठोपनिषद् is one of the major Upaniṣads, expounds a great truth, very simply, as to what happens to the Ātman after मृत्यु~Death.

It is in the form of a dialogue between Yama~ यम: & Naciketā~नचिकेत, a Brāhmaṇa boy of just 9 summers.

Its importance can very well be gauged from the fact that many of its mantras are reproduced in the Bhagavad-gītā.

Kaṭhopaniṣad is perhaps the clearest of all the 10 Classical Upaniṣads.
Upaniṣad means Brahmavidyā, that is, the Knowledge of Brahman.

Kaṭhopaniṣad explains Brahmavidyā most clearly, most vividly, &
repeats the Essentials without making the subject Complicated.

It goes on adding colour after colour in its description of the pure Ᾱtman,
which is Brahman, the only Reality. The root cause of all the miseries & calamities of this World is अविद्या~Avidyā or Ignorance.

By instinct or by intellect a man thinks that He is The Body.

This is अविद्या ~ Ignorance.

‘Body’ cannot be the meaning of ‘I’.
I am Ᾱtman ;
ever shining,
Pure Consciousness.

To understand Ᾱtman in such a way by Intellectual thinking & Discrimination, and
to experience it by Clear Perception & Realisation,
is called Knowledge.
This Self-knowledge – this Ᾱtmavidyā – was demanded by Naciketā, and
Yamarāja ~ यम: explained it in a simple style, adopting different methods.

This constitutes the whole text.

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