Countering Aestivation in snail farming.

Aestivation is a condition or process where by snails release their silvery slimy substance rich in calcium which solidifies or cakes to cover it/protect it from dehydration or death as a result of heat or lack of moisture in the
environment/ecosystem. In this state they are kept alive with what they had eaten. Some that couldn’t cope during this period actually die in the process. As a result snails become inactive for about 5-7 months depending on when the rains show up, this especially so in
the wild and affects greatly snail farmers who do not know what to do to counter this process and lack knowledge of how to keep their snails active and reproductive.
In other words, at this point, snails no longer move, they don’t feed, don’t lay
eggs, don’t drink water are stagnated (no growth).
What are farmers supposed to do to stop this process from happening?
1.Sprinkle water(chlorine free)water in the pen daily, preferably in the evening between 5-6pm. Not in the morning or afternoon, this is
because there is little or no moisture in the atmosphere that would assist in the mulching that keeps the pens moist.
2.Ensure you always increase their water provision. Unlike the rainy season where you probably give them water once or twice, you now have to
ensure that there’s always water in their drinking troughs day and night.
3.Increase bathing schedule of snails to keep them active day and night, (i did a post here about snail bathing, check it out)
4.Look for fresh banana and plantain leaves to cover the top of the
pens to prevent heat transfer, this is especially necessary for farms that do not have economic trees to break wind and provide shade for the pens, these leaves and trees help to absorb heat and keep the farm cool.
5.Ensure formulated feed is rich in
calcium and know the schedule to administer their feeding. If you can access and afford fruits rich in water like watermelon it’ll help to keep them hydrated.
6.Periodically dip the plantain and banana leaves that are already in their pens in water, allow it up to 3-5mins
then bring them out(drain) not dry and return them back to the pens wet. This can also be done when doing the snail bathing. With the above practices, you will be able to beat aestivation....

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More from @GalsAgro

8 Apr

From our own experience, they include, among others: 

1. Snail farming in Nigeria is a virgin in the kingdom of livestock as a result the earlier investors without doubt have bright prospects in exploring this venture.
2. Snail farming is a practicable and viable venture yet unexplored in Nigeria. If it has worked elsewhere, it will work in Nigeria. 

3. This technology has been approved to be most lucrative farming venture presently, as it requires far less capital investment, while much
profit is being generated in a considerable short period. It has lower risk compared to other livestock farming. 

4. The demand for snail is higher than the supplies as such the market potential of snail is inexhaustible, locally and internationally.
Read 8 tweets
8 Apr
*Types of diseases in Snail farming*
The common diseases affecting snails either in their wild or in their cultured environments includes:

Fungal diseases mainly Fusarium Spp affects indigenous snail species native to West African region.
These diseases is commonly referred to as rosy eggs disease and the affect eggs turns reddish brown and die off.

Parasites such as Alluaudihella Flavicornis are diseases vectors to snails both in their wild and under domestication.
Bacterial diseases caused by Pseudomonas Spp especially Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes intestinal infections in snails. This disease affects snail’s normal growth and development processes.

Deficiency diseases, it occurs mostly in domesticated snails with poor feeding,
Read 8 tweets
8 Apr
These are what to do when ants invade your snailery without panic or using of
chemical or spending money.

A simple process with the benefit of affordability, safety and time saving is to:
*Method 1*
1. Remove the snails and wash them in water to free them from any attacking predator. Be careful while you do this, so you don't break their shells at the hedge or
drown them in water. Don't commit the mistake of dropping them in water or
keeping them there to get rid of the
ants. Wash them one after the other.
2. Search and remove all discoverable eggs as much as you find. Keep them according
to hatching procedures.
3. Boil water to boiling point and generously apply the hot water on the soil of the snailery. The water will travel
Read 9 tweets
8 Apr

This is the period of inactivity in which the aperture of the shell is covered with white calcareous substance called epiphragm. This condition is common
during the harmattan period. In this condition snail can survive for months without food and water. Under normal or natural condition snails can aestivate for months without food. Aestivation can be prevented by watering the soil both in the morning
and at night and other management practices well observed. Feed and water are always scarce during the dry season as a result of the harsh weather conditions. Fruits, vegetables and tuber are scarce during this period. The snails can be fed with soybean
Read 7 tweets
8 Apr
This is called the big black snail or giant snail.It is commonly found in the forest along the coast of West Africa.This is the most common snail found in nigeria amidst Achatina Fulica.The shell has a mottled color of
black,brown and white and very thick. the shell collar is pink.The skin color is dark grey.Some small breeds of white skin are found in some areas usually called Albino snails.At maturity thru are 11 to 19cm and weight btw 600 to 800
grans or more.They grow to full suze in their natural habitat from 12 to 14months or nore.
They lay btw 5 to 15eggs per clutch which is usually 2-3 tines in a year and 40-80 eggs per year as the case may be.
The shell is less pointed than
Read 4 tweets
8 Apr

Its common name is the giant ghana snail,also knowwn as the giant tiger land snail,is a species of very large,air-breathing land snail,a terrestial pulmonate gastropod mollusc in the family Achatinidae.Giant African lanf snails are hermaphroditea,meaning
they posses both the female and male reproductive organs,Two snails are still needed for breeders.Achantina achatinas shall can attain a length of 200MM and a maximum diameter of 100MM.the body of the animal is tiger striped(more pronounced yellow and
black) with a pointed tip,AA has a very pointed tail just like AF,Achatina-Achatina is very good for commercialization as well because of its profitablity and of the volume of eggs it lays at obce.Eacb achatina lays 100 to 500 eggs at a time in
Read 5 tweets

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