A hotdog is a sandwich.
A unicorn is a horse. H/t @SmickaUP
So good: “radical sandwich anarchy”: A pop tart is a sandwich.
The illustrious @JohnFabianWitt chimes in: Compare White City Shopping v. PR Restaurants (Mass. 2006) (holding burritos are not sandwiches) with NYS Tax Bulletin ST-835 (2019) (burritos are sandwiches for sandwich tax purposes, as are hot dogs, panini, and open-faced sandwiches)
If you want to test your sandwich identification mojo, here is a wonderful app via @sarah_edo isthisasandwich.netlify.app
And just so y'all know: I did play 'Is This A Sandwich' on @Netlify.

I am an ingredient neutral, structure purist.

You can play here: isthisasandwich.netlify.com via @sarah_edo

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More from @NAChristakis

27 May
Want to find an appealing (or irritating) four-letter or five-letter arbitrary word for use as a character name for your game or novel, or as a place name, or as a medicine or product name, or any other use? 1/ ImageImage
Want to tell if there is a difference between similar arbitrary names, whether nice-sounding or off-putting? Want to improve audit studies of possible bias by judges? 2/
Want an empirical test of Phonological Cue Theory, which predicts that word terminal fricatives should be preferred, word terminal stops should be dispreferred, nasals early in word should be preferred, and voiced obstruent in the word terminal position should dispreferred? 3/
Read 8 tweets
19 May
I am seeing a lot of people with zero credibility with respect to the defense of free expression on campus and with zero credibility in opposing faculty losing their positions now very worried about such matters. This is why being principled is so important.
To be clear: I am being critical of hypocrisy. I may spend more time to understand what’s going on at UNC and then offer an opinion. HNJ does not qualify for tenure by most usual metrics. But UNC is also possibly being duplicitous. I personally don’t know enough yet.
Here, as usual, is a statement by @TheFIREorg regarding the HNJ situation that also captures my current view. thefire.org/fire-statement…
Read 5 tweets
2 May
COVID-19 Breakthrough Case Investigations and Reporting | CDC cdc.gov/vaccines/covid… via @CDCgov

95,000,000+ fully vaccinated
9,245 infections (0.01%)
594 COVID-related hospitalizations (0.0006%)
112 COVID-related deaths (0.0001%)

However... 1/
If you calculate the IFR of SARS-CoV-2 among the vaccinated using these (admittedly imperfect) data, you get 112/9,245=1.2%. This would mean IFR is higher than among the unvaccinated. But 45% of breakthrough cases post vaccination are among those ≥60. So maybe not.

But... 2/
The bottom line is that these vaccines for COVID-19 are miraculously effective. So far, only about 1 in a million people who are vaccinated have died from COVID-19. And reports so far show amazing safety, too. Get vaccinated. For yourself. For your family. For your community. 3/
Read 5 tweets
27 Apr
I admire @joerogan. His conversational style & his reach are phenomenal. But I think his advice that young people not get vaccinated misses the mark. Young people are at low risk of death no matter what. COVID19 increases their risk by ~30%. Why not avoid this with a safe shot?
Furthermore, young people also need to do their part for benefit of our society. Rich people need to pay more taxes. Healthcare workers take a risk of death. So have essential workers. Many have suffered. It’s not a lot to ask to simply get a vaccine to help restore our society.
Calculations very rough: a 21 yo man has ~0.05% chance of death if infected with SARS-CoV-2. Actuarial risk of death in next year at baseline was 0.1288% (ssa.gov/oact/STATS/tab…). Getting infected increases risk of death (from a low baseline).
Read 4 tweets
8 Apr
This case is mind boggling. “UVA argued [in court!] that a public university student mildly objecting to microaggression theory was offensive speech and thus not covered by First Amendment.”

The petty totalitarians who consider themselves faculty at UVA should be deeply ashamed.
In many of these cases, one finds oneself asking if faculty and administrators are dead set on life imitating art. theonion.com/college-encour…
The standards applied in this UVA case are so at odds with so much student protest (eg tabletmag.com/sections/news/…).

A committee ‘voted to send Bhattacharya a written reminder to "show mutual respect" to faculty and "express yourself appropriately,”’ and suggested he get counseling.
Read 5 tweets
15 Mar
There is an intriguing theory about “COVID toes.” You can get it as a result of SARS-CoV-2 infecting you.

But you can also – perhaps – get it *without* being infected, as a result of hanging out at home for long periods without shoes. It's an epidemiological puzzle. 1/
COVID toes are thought to be a known, albeit formerly rare, condition called chilblains (also known as pernio). This used to be the bane of people living in cold damp climates (think British boarding schools, or New England). #COVIDtoes 2/
Chilblains is characterized by inflammatory skin lesions in patients exposed to non-freezing weather during late winter or early spring. These lesions typically present as painful erythrocyanotic (red-blue) discoloration, often with dead skin, on the toes, fingers, or both. 3/
Read 17 tweets

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