St. Regis New York - Wikipedia

The St. Regis was built by one of the wealthiest men in America, John Jacob Astor IV, as a companion to the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, of which he owned half…
At the suggestion of his niece, Astor named the new hotel after Upper St. Regis Lake in the Adirondacks. The lake had been named for a French Jesuit priest, Jean-François Régis, known for his hospitality to travelers

As a newly ordained priest, he worked with bubonic plague
victims in Toulouse. 742-acre (3.00 km2) Upper St. Regis Lake is a part of the St. Regis River in the Adirondacks in northern New York State. Along with Lower St. Regis Lake and Spitfire Lake, it became famous in the late 19th century as a summer playground of America's power
elite, drawn to the area by its scenic beauty and by the rustic charms of Paul Smith's Hotel. It is the site of many grand old summer "cottages" and Great Camps, including Marjorie Merriweather Post's Topridge. Frederick W. Vanderbilt, Anson Phelps Stokes and Whitelaw Reid
were among the summer residents. Apollos "Paul" Smith started his hotel in 1859 as a primitive operation that appealed to sportsmen. For years the hotel was kept intentionally primitive, offering neither bellboys nor indoor bathrooms. It started as a seventeen-room inn, though by
the start of the 20th century it would grow to 255 rooms with a boathouse with quarters for sixty guides, stables, casino, bowling alley, and a wire to the New York Stock Exchange. In its day it was the most fashionable of the many great Adirondack hotels, patronized by American
presidents Grover Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt and Calvin Coolidge, celebrities like P.T. Barnum, and the power elite of the latter half of the 19th century, such as E. H. Harriman and Whitelaw Reid. Smith died in 1912, but the hotel continued under his son, Phelps, until it
burned down in 1930. In June 1902, he was again appointed a special envoy representing the United States at the Coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra,[16] along with J. Pierpont Morgan, Jr., Edmund Lincoln Baylies, and William Wetmore, and brought his wife and
daughter to London.[17] The coronation was postponed, however, as the King fell ill, and the rescheduled ceremony in August took place after Reid (and most of the other international representatives) had returned home.
In 1905, he was appointed the U.S. Ambassador to the Court of St. James's by Theodore Roosevelt, succeeding Joseph Hodges Choate (1832–1917) in that role.[20][21] Choate's predecessor, John Hay, who became the United States Secretary of State, was Reid's friend of forty years
with Reid serving as the best man at Hay's wedding.[22] He served in this role, including during the William Howard Taft administration, until his death in 1912. On April 26, 1881, he married Elisabeth Mills (1857–1931),[24] the daughter of Darius Ogden Mills (1825–1910) and the
sister of Ogden Mills (1856–1929). Lord Granard married, in 1909, Beatrice Mills,[13] daughter of the wealthy American businessman Ogden Mills from Staatsburg, New York. She was the twin sister of Gladys Mills Phipps. Her brother, Ogden L. Mills, was the 50th United States
Secretary of the Treasury. They had four children, including Eileen Beatrice, the wife of the 5th Marquess of Bute.

Hoover's opponent was then Governor of New York, Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat who was Mills's college friend and life-long neighbor.
On September 20, 1911, Mills married his first wife, Margaret Stuyvesant Rutherfurd (1891–1976),[22] the daughter of Anne Harriman Rutherford and Lewis Morris Rutherfurd, Jr.[23] At the time of their wedding, she was the step-daughter of William Kissam Vanderbilt and the
granddaughter of Lewis Morris Rutherfurd (1816–1892)[24] and Oliver Harriman (1829–1904).[25] They divorced in 1919. In 1922, she married Sir Paul Henry Dukes (1889–1967). Civitan has awarded its World Citizenship Award to those "who have made significant contributions to
mankind."[9] Recipients of the award include Winston Churchill, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Wernher von Braun, Thor Heyerdahl, and Eunice Kennedy Shriver. Image
Civitan has clubs in 49 countries and maintains a strong international focus. Because of its long history of service in West Africa, Civitan was invited by the Special Court for Sierra Leone to monitor the war crimes trial of former Liberian President Charles Taylor, held at the
International Criminal Court facilities in The Hague. Taylor fought extradition with the help of a legal team led by former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark. After Harry S. Truman became President of the United States in 1945, he chose Clark as his Attorney General. In 1949,
Truman successfully nominated Clark to fill the Supreme Court vacancy caused by the death of Associate Justice Frank Murphy, making Clark the first, and as of 2021 only, Supreme Court Justice from the state of Texas. Clark remained on the court until his retirement to allow his
son, Ramsey Clark, to assume the position of Attorney General, and was succeeded by Thurgood Marshall. When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor the following year, Clark was named by Attorney General Francis Biddle as the Civilian Coordinator of the Alien Enemy Control Program.
In this capacity, he worked with General John DeWitt, the head of West Coast military forces, and his future Supreme Court colleague Earl Warren, who was then attorney general of California, and other top federal and state officials in the lead up to the internment of Japanese
Americans. Clark assisted the successful prosecution of two German spies who came ashore from a German submarine in 1944 to the East Coast of the United States as part of Operation Elster ("Magpie").

Using the aliases Edward Green (Gimpel) and William Caldwell (Colepaugh), they
rented a studio apartment on the top floor of a building at 39 Beekman Place. The neighborhood was the site of the Beekman family mansion, Mount Pleasant, which James Beekman built in 1765. James Beekman was a descendant of Willem Beekman, for whom Beekman Street and
William Street were named. The British made their headquarters in the mansion for a time during the American Revolutionary War, and Nathan Hale was tried as a spy in the mansion's greenhouse and hanged in a nearby orchard. George Washington visited the house many times during
his presidency. The Beekman family lived at Mount Pleasant until a cholera epidemic forced them to move in 1854, but the home survived until 1874, when it was torn down.

The strip of land east of Beekman Place, along the FDR Drive, was opened as a park from 1942 to 1951. That
park was renamed the Peter Detmold Park in 1972, after a cofounder of the Turtle Bay Association who had been murdered.[10] Developer William Zeckendorf, who lived in 30 Beekman Place, gave up his land immediately south of the enclave in the mid-20th century to make way for the
headquarters of the United Nations.

On the night of January 6, 1972, after walking home from a Turtle Bay Association meeting with two colleagues, Detmold was murdered in the stairwell of his apartment building.
“According to police reports, the 48-year-old Detmold was stabbed
as he entered his five-story walk-up building,” explained Pamela Hanlon in her book, Manhattan’s Turtle Bay: The Story of a Midtown Neighborhood. “He struggled to reach his top-floor apartment, but collapsed on the stairwell, where a neighbor found him. He was pronounced dead on
arrival at Bellevue Hospital.”In 1798, the city purchased Belle Vue farm, a property near the East River several miles north of the settled city, which had been used to quarantine the sick during a series of yellow fever outbreaks. The hospital was formally named
Bellevue Hospital in 1824.[7][8]
By 1787 Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons had assigned faculty and medical students to Bellevue. Columbia faculty and students would remain at Bellevue for the next 181 years, until the restructuring of the academic
affiliations of Bellevue Hospital in 1968. By 1873, the nation's first nursing school based on Florence Nightingale's principles opened at Bellevue, followed by the nation's first children's clinic in 1874 and the nation's first emergency pavilion in 1876; a pavilion for the
insane, an approach considered revolutionary at the time, was erected within hospital grounds in 1879. For that reason, the name Bellevue is sometimes used as a metonym for psychiatric hospitals. Mark Harris in New York called it "the Chelsea Hotel of the mad". In 1868, Bellevue
physician Stephen Smith became first commissioner of public health in New York City; he initiated a national campaign for health vaccinations. A year later, Bellevue established the second hospital-based, emergency ambulance service in the United States.

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