The UK and US have the same 43% of their populations fully vaccinated. In the UK, cases went up from 12,131 to 42,323 week to week, >90% delta. Latest @PHE_uk: delta is 60% more transmissible than alpha, 2.2X hospitalizations
We are equally vulnerable and need a big, fast💉jump
2-dose vaccination is highly protective against the delta variant (B.1.617.2, first identified in India)
Nearly all the delta cases are in the unvaccinated and (less so) 1-dose vaccinated individuals

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More from @EricTopol

11 Jun
Trying to figure out how @US_FDA approved the alzheimer's drug w/o adequate evidence, against their Advisory Committee, but has yet to approve full licensure for mRNA vaccines—which could save lives, prevent the toll of the delta variant, and promote durable US🦠 containment
When was the last time 350 million doses of anything were administered under an emergency authorization?
Now add the extraordinary track record of safety and 95% efficacy and effectiveness.
Time to make a statement @DrWoodcockFDA
Just a reminder these were not typical Biologic Licensing Applications (BLAs). Sections were serially submitted and reviewed for months before the final applications were filed.
Full licensure is a BFD.
Nothing else would have as big and rapid an impact on US vaccinations.
Read 4 tweets
6 Jun
With a strong vaccination campaign, the United States was able to reduce the B.1.1.7 (alpha) variant's toll to a bump in cases
What might happen with B.1.617.2 (delta) which is ~50% more transmissible, and more evasive to our immune response? /1
It will be hitting us with a far less case burden, as we approach containment for the 1st time.
But still much vulnerability d/t half the population unvaccinated and ~40% fully vaccinated
2 doses appear to be needed to get to high ~90% effectiveness /2
We'll likely see a bump in cases and adverse outcomes (magnitude uncertain) largely among unvaccinated, and a challenge to get to containment in a fully reopened country, prolonging the pandemic here /3
Graphic adapted from @tomhcalver @thetimes
Read 4 tweets
4 Jun
The extraordinary book, The Premonition, by Michael Lewis, is the subject of our conversation. It gets behinds the scenes of public health/CDC long before and during the pandemic. We spoke just days before the fatal car accident of his 19-year-old daughter…
Our deep condolences.
He had no hesitation for this discussion to be posted —he really wants the story to reach the medical community.
It stitches together these people. Michael is perhaps the best storyteller of our era; it's truly fascinating and germane pre- & intra-pandemic Image
Lewis traces back 15 years before the pandemic to show the inadequacies of the CDC and US public health resources. CDOR Center for Disease Observation and Reporting. The metaphor of watering plastic flowers Image
Read 4 tweets
27 May
The B.1.617.2 variant has now become dominant in the UK, associated with rising hospital admissions. It's also starting to rise in the US. While vaccinations protect against it, the 1st dose has only ~30% efficacy.
See @jburnmurdoch's new 🧵
It is looking more and more like B.1.617.2 will be the next challenge for the US fo face w/ only 40% of its population fully vaccinated and 50% with 1 dose.
The advance UK warning on B.1.1.7 led to aggressive US vaccination which fended off a new (4th) surge.
Can we rally again?
"Of 49 people hospitalized with the new variant in Bolton, only 5 have been vaccinated with both doses"…
Recall 2 dose efficacy vs B.1.617.2:
mRNA (@Pfizer) 88%
@AstraZeneca 60%…
Read 4 tweets
24 May
Just published @Nature
After even mild covid infections there are, in addition to memory B cells, bone marrow plasma cells are induced to provide long-term protection > 1 yr…
@TheBcellArtist @WUSTLmed
(NB vaccination still provides further protection) Image
I'm thinking of the participant donors of this study who had a bone marrow aspirate (and many twice) so we could learn from them. A very tough procedure to go through once, no less twice, to advance science. Heroes and good to see they were acknowledged Image
More on this enduring, likely multi-year protection derived from covid vaccines or infections, indexed to this paper… by @apoorva_nyc
Read 4 tweets
15 May
A current status comparison between California, the US state with lowest covid cases/capita, and the UK
Although the 1st dose of vaccination rate is comparable, California has >5X test positivity, >3X hospitalizations, and 10X deaths
Potential explanations for these gaps include: (1) the faster rate the UK achieved their 1st dose vaccination and lag time to see the effect in CA, and (2) more aggressive mitigation measures used in the UK
and (3) important point was the strict by age UK vaccination roll out, now 38+ years, whereas the US only used that strategy initially
Read 4 tweets

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