Recently, Amnesty International released a report on the situation in Xinjiang, recommending that China "immediately release all persons held in internment camps or other detention facilities – including prisons – in Xinjiang...". This is my review of it.
First, let's look at the title and note 2 important things:
1) It doesn't use the word "genocide"; and
2) It doesn't use the word "Uyghur".

Instead, it refers to 3 potential Crimes Against Humanity (CAH) and Muslims as a whole.
Whilst this allows them to avoid the obvious problems with the genocide claim (see thread below), it creates new problems for Amnesty to answer. For example, why is the persecution limited to Muslims in Xinjiang? Why not all of China?

Amnesty admits on Page 13 that their report is not a proper investigation, but a documentation of unproved allegations. Indeed, the report only includes rehashes of past articles and quotes from anonymous interviewees, without giving concrete statistics to support their claims.
Interestingly, most of the interviewees were not Uyghurs, but Kazakhs. This could explain why they couldn't use "Uyghur genocide" in their title, because the evidence was so thin. The interviewee's details were not disclosed, so it's impossible to determine their reliability.
These depictions of Xinjiang (on p.12 and p.130-131) show that the report is inaccurate. Many YouTubers have done videos from inside Xinjiang recently, showing freedom of movement. @DanielDumbrill @JaYoeLife @Jingjing_Li @Noel_Calibre @ChinaTeacher1 @Gweilo60 @Jerry_grey2002
Let's look at the merits of their claim. A number of acts would qualify as CAH under the Rome Statute Article 7.1 (screenshotted). The general elements required to prove CAH are also screenshotted below. There are also specific requirements, which will be examined in turn.
The first charge is arbitrary imprisonment. Aside from the general requirements mentioned above, there also needs to be proof that there is no internationally accepted legal basis for the deprivation of liberty.…
The Background section (starting p.19) actually documents the historical incidents that directly led to what's happening now. Anti-terrorism operations are allowed under international norms. Therefore, restrictions to liberty in current terrorism prevention campaigns are not CAH.
It's interesting that Amnesty doesn't mention the terrorist organization behind the attacks (ETIM), they are more concerned with freedoms of potential terrorists over lives of citizens, and they don't directly address the elements required to prove CAH of arbitrary imprisonment.
The next charge is torture. When we read their section devoted to torture, we find that the first hand accounts of torture tallied by Amnesty is "more than a dozen", with some from "journalists" and many from XJ Victims Database, including some widely discredited accounts.
They described but didn't count cases that were witnessed by their interviewees and other hearsay testimonies. Amnesty claims that there are "millions" being detained in XJ, so even if we accept all these accounts without challenge, total tortured represent ~0.002% of detainees.
To me this is a statistical anomaly more likely to be isolated cases, rather than representative of the whole, which means the requirement that the torture be "widespread or systematic" is not satisfied. Amnesty claims these are not random events, but provides no proof.
The final charge is persecution. In addition to the standard elements, there is a special mental element of intent required to prove persecution. As Amnesty doesn't address this element at all, there is no justification for the charge of persecution.…
Aside from the CAH claims, Amnesty also makes forced labour claims. However, some of the stories provided are less than incriminating. We must remember that these are amongst the worst accounts Amnesty gathered, so the typical experience would sound even less concerning.
Finally, there's this reference to the SUPChina article on interethnic marriages, which has been cited in numerous reports previously. This article is so badly written and nonsensical, that no reputable report should reference it and I vow to show you why in an upcoming thread.
All in all, this Amnesty report doesn't provide any new evidence and does a poor job of justifying its claims. Unfortunately, it is now added to the list of useless reports that will be cited as "evidence" in future reports, just like how this report cited others before it.
Sorry...second picture didn't copy properly first time. The complete picture clearly shows barriers to entry from the rest of China as well, which is clearly not true.

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More from @GFPhilosophy

17 Apr
@BadChinaTake Firstly, let me commend you for trying to have an evidence based discussion on this. In this thread, I want ask some clarifying questions. I hope we can keep things civil.
Satellite Imagery article:…

You say it would not be surprising if there are errors. Have you ascertained what is their error rate? Should we not double confirm sites as camps, before reporting them as such, i.e. “innocent until proven guilty” principle?
Detained Numbers piece:…

Which do you think is the most accurate estimate, and why? Do you think it’s reasonable from a cost and logistical point of view for 25% of the entire Uyghur population to be in detention? What are the potential flow on effects?
Read 14 tweets
11 Mar
There's a new report out on the Uyghur genocide issue, purporting to show credible evidence of genocide. This time, there's finally a discussion on the intent of state action, with references! Let's take closer a look at this section in the report:

…… Image
The section on intent start on page 35, and there are a number of cases used as references. I will focus on Bosnia v Serbia and Croatia v Serbia, because they discuss the issue of proving state intent directly and in the most amount of detail. Image
In Croatia v Serbia, the ICJ said that the intent must be to achieve physical or biological destruction of the group. Mental harm or forcible transfer of children will constitute genocide, if that is indeed the end goal. (Para. 136, page 64)… Image
Read 43 tweets
6 Dec 20
This is a thread to examine Adrian Zenz's report on birth control in Xinjiang (XJ). He has complained that people attack his credibility rather than his work, so I will attempt to examine his analysis and claims on their merits. This will take some time...…
S0.0: Editor's note includes a fundamental misunderstanding of Chinese language and intentions. 中华民族 is interpreted to mean a uniform "Chinese Nation-Race". However, the Chinese government's definition includes all 56 races within Chinese borders.… Image
S0.1: This is a major error and provides an incorrect context for the whole report. There is an implicit assumption that the government wants assimilation due to use of this term, but the term is actually an all-inclusive term with no implications of assimilation.
Read 36 tweets
20 Nov 20
This is a thread to examine below report from Campaign for Uyghurs, including evidence presented in the report. There will be 3 main sub-threads, S for Section of Report, R for References provided, and C for my Conclusions. This will be long...… Image
S0.0: Description on page 2 of cover image is incorrect. The image comes from a 3 day event on de-radicalization or anti-extremism, which was held across multiple locations in XJ. Participants included religious figures who gave speeches. Source:… ImageImage
S0.1: Here are some other images from the event. Note the prevalence of both Uyghur and Chinese text. ImageImageImageImage
Read 62 tweets
11 Sep 20
Epic rant @DanielDumbrill, congrats on the 100k, and looking forward to the Xinjiang video. One topic that I would be interested to hear more of is the missing evidence if there is in fact a genocide happening in XJ. My thoughts below.

via @YouTube
What would you do if you were being persecuted for your religion or race? Run!
Therefore, if there is a large scale persecution of Uyghurs, with 1m in camps already, then I would expect a majority of the population to be seeking refugee status in neighbouring muslim countries.
This map clearly shows that there are few refugee camps in the 4 countries directly bordering XJ. Most of those are refugees from Afghanistan. The bottom right of the map also shows a bunch of refugee camps near Myanmar, i.e. from the Rohingya genocide. Image
Read 7 tweets
7 Sep 20
After interacting with anti-China people recently, I summarize CCP’s powers according to them in this thread. Please help add more where appropriate @DanielDumbrill @Jingjing_Li @GerhardtJvdM @thecyrusjanssen @Jerry_grey2002 @theo_fletcher @steelmuslim @CarlZha @BarrettYouTube
1. Successfully brainwashed at least 95% of their 1.4b population (more efficient than God)
2. Able to create a new virus and direct it to attack their opponents
3. Able to control rainfall in order to drown Southern Chinese villages
4. Needed to do 2 & 3 to hide disappointing GDP figures, even though their GDP is completely made up
5. Able to make people forget their own language and culture, through requiring minimum Mandarin proficiency for students
Read 11 tweets

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