"NEWLY RELEASED documents provide details of US-funded research on..coronaviruses at the Wuhan Institute of Virology..The Intercept has obtained more than 900 pages of documents detailing..work of..EcoHealth Alliance..at the Chinese lab.."

"The trove of documents includes two previously unpublished grant proposals that were funded by the NIAID, as well as project updates relating to the EcoHealth Alliance’s research, which has been scrutinized amid increased interest in the origins of the pandemic."
The materials show that the 2014 and 2019 NIH grants to EcoHealth with subcontracts to WIV funded gain-of-function research as defined in federal policies in effect in 2014-2017 and potential pandemic pathogen enhancement as defined in federal policies in effect in 2017-present.
(This had been evident previously from published research papers that credited the 2014 grant and from the publicly available summary of the 2019 grant. But this now can be stated definitively from progress reports of the 2014 grant and the full proposal of the 2017 grant.)
The materials confirm the grants supported the construction--in Wuhan--of novel chimeric SARS-related coronaviruses that combined a spike gene from one coronavirus with genetic information from another coronavirus, and confirmed the resulting viruses could infect human cells.
The materials reveal that the resulting novel, laboratory-generated SARS-related coronaviruses also could infect mice engineered to display human receptors on cells ("humanized mice").
The materials further reveal for the first time that one of the resulting novel, laboratory-generated SARS-related coronaviruses--one not been previously disclosed publicly--was more pathogenic to humanized mice than the starting virus from which it was constructed...
...and thus not only was reasonably anticipated to exhibit enhanced pathogenicity, but, indeed, was *demonstrated* to exhibit enhanced pathogenicity.
The materials further reveal that the the grants also supported the construction--in Wuhan--of novel chimeric MERS-related coronaviruses that combined spike genes from one MERS-related coronavirus with genetic information from another MERS-related coronavirus.
The documents make it clear that assertions by the NIH Director, Francis Collins, and the NIAID Director, Anthony Fauci, that the NIH did not support gain-of-function research or potential pandemic pathogen enhancement at WIV are untruthful.

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More from @R_H_Ebright

12 Sep
Virus research: Germany and the EU are also working together with bio-laboratories in Wuhan

Virusforschung: Auch Deutschland und die EU arbeiten mit Bio-Laboren in Wuhan zusammen
<< EU maintains two virus archives in one of the bio-laboratories in Wuhan. The project is funded by the EU investment program "Horizon 2020". A German-Chinese high-security laboratory also works in the city. But the international public hardly knows anything about it. >>
<< The European Union played a major role in promoting the WIV..The European Union set up, promoted, and financed a 'European Virus Archive' and a 'Global Virus Archive' in the WIV. >>
Read 5 tweets
12 Sep
"When the internal debt for the athletics program at Rutgers University jumped from $40 M to $120 M in one year, it raised a red flag..Our research ultimately led to a story revealing that Rutgers athletics has quietly racked up $265 M in debt"

""[T]he athletic debt included not only $70 M for new capital projects, but also $84 M in loans..university made to athletics to cover..annual deficits..sports programs had been running year after year. They had taken another $48 M in loans from..the Big Ten"
"In other words, Rutgers..was covering shortfalls by adding to..debt payments, which could create even larger deficits in the future. The..loans..became an annual practice, with larger and larger loans planned as expenses such as coaches' salaries grew while revenues..tanked."
Read 4 tweets
10 Sep
"There are many things we..do not know about the..pandemic—including..whether it began with natural spillover..or..laboratory incident..But we do know one thing now beyond debate:..gain-of-function..experiments on..bat viruses were taking place in Wuhan"

"This research, carried out in labs that did not have maximum level of biosafety, was increasing the infectivity of laboratory-created diseases by constructing chimeric coronaviruses — despite strong denial of such practices by the key Chinese scientists."
"And the bio-engineering was being funded by United States taxpayers — channelled through a charity run by a British scientist — despite similar denials from America’s most senior public health officials that they supported such..activities in Chinese labs"
Read 6 tweets
10 Sep
"US and Chinese researchers funded by the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases created viruses in a Wuhan lab that exhibited over 10,000 times higher viral load in humanized mice, records released by the agency show."

"The US nonprofit group EcoHealth Alliance notified..NIAID..that between June 2017 and May 2018 it had created three lab-generated chimeric SARS-related coronaviruses in China that exhibited 'significantly higher' viral loads, documents first reported by The Intercept show"
“Three EcoHealth/WIV lab-generated viruses exhibited >10x to >10,000x higher viral load than the starting bat virus in humanized mice..One EcoHealth/WIV lab-generated virus exhibited higher pathogenicity than the starting bat virus in infection studies with humanized mice."
Read 11 tweets
10 Sep
"Scientists working under..NIH grant to..study bat coronaviruses combined..genetic material from a 'parent'..virus..with other viruses. They twice submitted summaries..that showed..three altered..viruses..reproduced far more quickly than..original virus"

"The Intercept consulted 11 scientists who are virologists or work in adjacent fields and hold a range of views on both the ethics of gain-of-function research and the Covid-19 origins search."
"All but two of the scientists consulted agreed that, whatever title it is given, the newly public experiment raised serious concerns about the safety and oversight of federally funded research"
Read 13 tweets
10 Sep
The grave risk of lab-created potentially pandemic pathogens
"Human error can lead to incidents or accidents that release a deadly virus into the community. According to my research, data from two sources show that human error was the cause of 73.5% and 79.3% of incidents leading to potential exposures in BSL-3 labs"
"A needlestick occurred in the ABSL3+ laboratory while the researcher was attempting to collect tissue culture supernatant..A decision was made to home quarantine the individual"
Read 6 tweets

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