Brief thread on my reflections as a peer-reviewer that I hope will be useful for others. These reflections are based on ~10 years as an AE, Section Editor, or EB member for several journals in sport science or S&E psych & ad hoc reviewer for many others 1/n
I also share these reflections as errors I've made in my own work, so many of the suggestions are approaches or readings that I've personally found useful in rectifying these issues. I welcome contributions from others (much more qualified than me) on their useful resources 2/n
Never underestimate the importance of your lit review; it's impossible to assess your contribution(s) in the absence of sufficient info on the conceptual & empirical context. This @AOMConnect editorial on 'setting the hook' is an excellent compass (…) 3/n
One may have an excellent idea, data, etc yet the writing quality may do it an injustice. This blog on paragraph structure by @Write4Research is essential reading for all writers (…). I now use it to create paper skeletons & write the nuts & bolts 4/n
Define key concepts because they have important implications for evaluations of the relevance & quality of your operationalisations & interpretations of the data. See this paper for excellent guidelines on high-quality concept definitions (…) 5/n
I appreciate word or page restrictions imposed by journals (, though often it's impossible to evaluate research methods fully because the detail is insufficient. There exist reporting guidelines ( for numerous designs 6/n
How systematic reviewers assess study quality can inform our planning efforts when designing new studies. This preprint by @Jeff_Z_Wang (…) and associated online table (…) is super helpful 7/n
Locate contemporary guidelines for the methods or methodology you plan to use & apply them from project inception to execution (eg, meta-analysis ->…). Keep an eye out for an upcoming special issue in International Review of Sport & Exercise Psychology 8/n
For empirical studies, always justify your sample size. This pre-print ( by @lakens is an amazing resource! 9/n
If time is relevant to your concepts & methods then provide an explicit justification for its application in your work. @HermanAguinis provides an outstanding taxonomy of 4 distinct elements - duration, frequency, timing, and sequence ( 10/n
I often read the argument “this question or approach” has not been done before as justification for a study. As @AndyLane27 noted in an excellent editorial, there may be good reason for why there has not been any work on the topic (eg, meaningless;…) 11/n

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More from @DanielGucciardi

13 Jun 20
Thread - > Agree that resilience has taken on elements as a 'buzzword; disagree that it is capacity bc it encompasses resources only & ignores person-interactions. Capacity defn are also silent on the necessary and sufficient conditions that characterise the concept 1/n
Consider the defn of resilience as a capacity of individuals to withstand or bounce back from adversity. What do all exemplars of this capacity possess (necessary condition)? What are the properties that only exemplars of this capacity possess (sufficient condition)? 2/n
In the absence of answers to these questions – so the clarification of the conceptual theme of resilience as a capacity - the list of possible knowledge, skills, abilities, & other attributes that characterise this capacity is potentially limitless. 3/n
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