मी अविवेकाची काजळी । फेडूनी विवेकदीप उजळीं ।
तैं योगियां पाहे दिवाळी । निरंतर ॥ ५४ ॥

Sant Jnaneshwar (संत ज्ञानेश्वर) in his epochal commentary on Bhagavad Gita, "Jnaneshwari" (completed in 1290 AD), articulates the most profound essence of Diwali. #Diwali2021

The verse means:

(Written from the perspective of lord Shri Krishna)

"As I erase the gloom of ignorance and apathy, the light of knowledge burns bright within the conscience. Such an enlightened mind experiences immanent diwali"

We at @BhandarkarI wish everyone here a very happy Diwali, and that the light of knowledge shall illume each mind bright and forever.

Happy Diwali everyone.

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More from @BhandarkarI

3 Nov
5 References of Diwali in the Ancient Literature


A thread tracing the ≈ 2000 years' thread of celebrations and joy.
A living tradition of joy, Diwali may be the oldest extant festival of India. Celebrated across India for ≈ 2000 years.

Here we see 5 ancient references to Diwali.

The thread is based on the research of Dr. P. K. Gode; published in "Studies in Indian Cultural History".
Circa 50-400 CE - Vatsayana's Kamasutra

Vatsayana's Kamasutra mentions "Yaksharatri" as a major festival. Celebrated on the new moon of Kartika month with vigour and joy.

Hemachandra in 11th Century was the first scholar to equate it with Diwali.
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29 Oct
Food and a Prosperous Life - 5 Lessons from Taittiriya Upanishad


A long Thread
Taittiriya Upanishad places great significance on food as the outermost sheath of existence and it explains the process of understanding life through the role of food.

It says: अन्नं ब्रह्मेति व्यजानात्| (Taittiriya, III. 2)

Which means "food itself is Brahman".
The Taittiriya Upanishad mentions several ethics, values and "best practices" to help attain brahman through the portal of food.

Here are 5 of them.
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22 Oct
Here is the question that made Sahil Ahirwar win Rs 1 crore in KBC 13,
The Sanskrit phrase Atithi Devo Bhava, meaning the Guest is God, is taken from which Upanishad?
The 4 options were: Katha Upanishad, Mundaka Upanishad, Chhandogya Upanishad and Taittiriya Upanishad #KBC13
Here we are with the latest episode of the Taittiriya Upanishad in our Upanishads Series.
In the Taittiriya Upanishad, it is mentioned that ‘सत्यं वद, धर्मं चर | always speak the truth and always follow ‘dharma’.
The advice proceeds saying, ‘Matru devo bhav’, ‘Pitru devo bhav’, ‘Acharya devo bhav’, ‘Atithi devo bhav’ which means consider mother, father, teacher and guests as God. #Upanishad
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27 Sep
14 Reasons for Sadness According to Mahabharata


A Long Thread
After the Kuru war, in the moment of a victory that has come at a great cost, Yudhishthira goes to meet Bhishma, who is in his dying breaths.

Yudhisthira’s inquisitive dialogue with Bhishma, which takes place here, spans Shanti and Anushasana parvans of the Mahabharata.
In this dialogue, Yudhishthira asks Bhishma, "Why does one feel sorrow? why does one feel pain?"

Bhishma’s answer is comprehensive, it nearly spans 18 shlokas. The reasons he enlists are both intrinsic and extrinsic in nature.
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26 Sep
3 States of Sleep According to Prashnopanishad (Prashna Upanishad)


A thread
Prashnopanishad is a dialogue between Rishi Pippalada & 6 sages, who are seeking answers to some existential questions about origins of the creation, role of Time & Matter, intricacies of Atman.

It also discusses state of sleep, state of dreaming, & the state of dreamless sleep.
The discussion reveals the three states of sleep:

1. “waking” (जाग्रत्),
2. “dream” (स्वप्न) and
3. “deep sleep” (सुषुप्ति).
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2 Sep
7 Things to know about the Upanishads -
1) The word “Upanishad” has several meanings.

It signifies esoteric knowledge.

It also indicates interactions between a Guru and their mentees. Upa (close)–Ni (below)–Sada (sit) – it means sitting in front a Guru to gain knowledge.

In essence, the word signifies knowledge.
2) In Upanishads, the focus lies on knowledge: the Jnana Marga (ज्ञान मार्ग).

Upanishads constitute a definitive stage in the evolution of Indian philosophy.
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