New open-access from @pamela_herd, Julie Gerinza and I: we track the use of administrative burdens in the Trump era to make legal processes of immigration more onerous. 🧵@pmmg2018 @PMRA1991… Image
We use the metaphor of Kafka's bureaucracy to reflect what immigration processes morphed into under Trump: confusing, arbitrary, and illogical. This anecdote we culled from @crampell's reporting demonstrates the impossible situations immigrants found themselves in. 2/ Image
The Trump administration adopted more than 450 executive actions. We sorted through these to focus on 78 that explicitly increased administrative burdens. After a while it becomes almost overwhelming to see the sheer scale and relentless of the changes. 3/… ImageImage
In addition to documenting burdens in immigration, our research offers a number of takeaways.
First, the paper puts to rest the claim that the Trump admin was focused only on illegal immigration. They targeted legal processes of immigration. 4/…
Second, Trump remade the immigration system without legislation. We show how he used two levels of executive power: legal powers and administrative directives. These can be fruitful levels of analyses for studying how burdens emerge, esp. the overlooked latter form of power. 5/ ImageImage
Principal-agent theory warns of bureaucratic agents engaging in sabotage. We challenge this standard assumption, arguing that immigration under Trump represents a case where the political principals engaged in sabotage, and offer normative criteria to evaluate this claim. 6/ ImageImageImage
For scholars of administrative burden, we point to the benefit of taking a policy-wide approach, showing how it reveals coherent efforts to change policies via administrative means. 7/… Image
Final point: in administrative burden work we focus on psychological costs, which includes stress, frustration, uncertainty. We add *fear* to these subset of administrative burdens, arguing it was used deliberately, and its effects fell on citizens and non-citizens alike. 8/ ImageImage

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More from @donmoyn

6 Jan
I wrote about how the people who encouraged the Jan 6th insurrection are succeeding with a different strategy a year on: taking control of the machinery of elections. 🧵…
I've been studying election administration on and off for almost two decades. The concerted attack we are seeing now on local election officials is new. 2/ Image
Steve Bannon has pushed a "precinct strategy"--where Trumpists dedicated to the Big Lie capture the local GOP apparatus--as a means of "taking over all the elections.” (Local party officials appoint key election roles in many states). It's working. 3/… Image
Read 14 tweets
5 Jan
Interesting piece: I think the most obvious answer is that the expanded CTC is relatively new, most people have not benefited from it, and people don't really see it as a distinct post-pandemic program. Those things will change if the becomes permanent.…
There is a risk among the policy wonk community that we overestimate people's knowledge of the ins-and-outs of unfamiliar programs. As a result, the way questions are framed and demand effects (where subjects are providing an answer they think the poller is seeking) matter a lot Image
For example, people's support for work requirements weaken if you tell them about the effects, or if you spell out the consequences. Framing matters. Image
Read 7 tweets
4 Jan
This is an example of what @victorerikray @pamela_herd & I describe as radicalized burdens.
When you understand that Wisconsin has the highest racial prison disparities in the country the effect of imposing financial barriers for former felons to vote becomes clear.
In Wisconsin
*Black people constitute 6% of the population and 42% of the prison population
*Blacks are incarcerated 12 times the rate of whites, compared to a ratio of 5:1 for the rest of the US
*1 in 36 Black adults are in prison, highest rate in the US… Image
Gah - meant *racialized burdens* not radicalized burdens.

When you incorporate POC disproportionately (see below for WI), other barriers you impose on the status of incarceration necessarily have a racialized effect.… Image
Read 6 tweets
3 Jan
The new smart contrarian take is telling people to shut up about the decline of US democracy, no-one cares bro.
FWIW the US gets uniquely generous treatment from the rest of the world not just because it's powerful, but also because it's seen as a stable democracy. As that perception declines, so will a lot of other material benefits in the US.
When you want to say "make the trains run on time" but also, you hate trains
Read 6 tweets
28 Dec 21
This is an incredible story of how a tax break aimed at small businesses is converted into a tax-free intergenerational wealth accumulation machine for Silicon Valley investors. Via @JesseDrucker @maureenmfarrell…
One takeaway here is that Congress passes tax laws without really understanding the long term costs b/c they do not anticipate how the tax avoidance industry will weaponize it Image
The cost of this tax loophole is at least $60 billion but probably multiples of that because of the creative ways it is being exploited. It’s so bad the Trump admin tried to corral it, but faced pushback from tax lawyers. Image
Read 5 tweets
26 Dec 21
Respectfully, I don't think liberals were the ones who made this choice.
The idea that something is a "cultural identity marker" means that people attribute some non-instrumental symbolic value to it. Seems like the people who are willing to risk illness, death and the infection of others to do something are the ones more driven by cultural values.
If the media you consume, or your political identity is causing you to hurt yourself and others, that seems like a cultural problem. I'm sure liberal finger-wagging is irritating, but hard to see how that's the bigger problem here.…
Read 4 tweets

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