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Jun 11 โ€ข 31 tweets โ€ข 29 min read
1/ Here we go:
@IISS_org #ShangriLaDialogue #SLD22
Special Session 3: #MaritimeSecurity: From Codes of Conduct to Crisis Communications

Chaired by @graham_euan

@IISS_org @graham_euan 2/ ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ @indiannavy Admiral Dasgupta up first. Discusses #UNCLOS and other codes like COLREGS & CUES, at a practical level regarding potential flashpoints & crises.
@IISS_org @graham_euan @indiannavy 3/ Next up: Alice Guitton from ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Ministry of Armed Forces.
Discusses Climate change, the resulting fragility, and role of Navies to respond.
And asks, "How to keep Sea Lanes open & secure?"
French Navy ships practice Freedom of Navigation, without ambiguity.
@IISS_org @graham_euan @indiannavy 4/ Alice Guitton from ๐Ÿ‡ซ๐Ÿ‡ท Ministry of Armed Forces, discusses #MaritiemSecurity cooperation, including the @EUCrimario program, which has expanded to support the Pacific.

@IISS_org @graham_euan @indiannavy @EUCrimario @ALPACIFRAPACOM @EfreconMerlyon 5/ Next:
๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Chief of Navy, Admiral Aaron Beng, presents Singapore's perspective on #MaritimeSecurity challenges in the region.
Highlights successes of the "planks" providing "Good Order at Sea":
Codes of Conduct, eg CUES
Practical actions to build trust
@IISS_org @graham_euan @indiannavy @EUCrimario @ALPACIFRAPACOM @EfreconMerlyon 6/ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ Admiral Beng discusses three successes:
1. Malacca Strait Patrol MSP by ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ฒ๐Ÿ‡พ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ‡ญ
2. @Info_Fusion_Ctr & #OrkimHarmony tanker hijacking case
3. Search for MH370
@IISS_org @graham_euan @indiannavy @EUCrimario @ALPACIFRAPACOM @EfreconMerlyon @Info_Fusion_Ctr 6/ Malacca Strait Patrol was set up formally via Ministerial process
#OrkimHarmony was through the structure of the IFC
MH370 was a true crisis with an quick but evolving process of cooperation
@IISS_org @graham_euan @indiannavy @EUCrimario @ALPACIFRAPACOM @EfreconMerlyon @Info_Fusion_Ctr 7/ Admiral Beng:
Useful to have underlying structure for cooperation, liek the @Info_Fusion_Ctr, for example.
Genuine Interoperabiltiy helps when Navies need to spring into action at sea.
8/ Next:
๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ @INDOPACOM Admiral Aquilino:
Starts by describing his close relationships with the partners in the room.
9/ Adm Aquilino:
Highlights that the Int'l system has been built together by all nations.
But that the system is threatened, the most in his 38 years fo experience, and perhps since WWII.

@graham_euan 10/ Adm Aquilino:
Continues that ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ agression in ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ฆ threatens,
Then lists off the ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ actions & activities that threaten the order, finishing with the "No Limits Reationship" of ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ.
As well as DPRK.
These actions are escalating tentions.
@graham_euan 11/ Adm Aquilion:
Describes #IntegratedDeterrance, which purpose is to prevent conflict.

Great Powers should be the model of open communication, to ensure competition does not vear into conflict.

He is in constact diologue with nations of the IndoPacific, eg, the CHODs conf.
@graham_euan 12/ Adm Aquilino:
None of us should accept changes to the status quo brought about by coersion or use of force.
@graham_euan 13/ Adm Aquilion:
As we look to the future:
There is a Free & Open IndoPacific
And there is one that is ruled by "Might is Right."
@graham_euan 14/ @graham_euan asks about the forms of crisis communicaitons that are available with China.
He has a direct phone line and also the CHODs mechanism.
Wants better links to the ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณPLA regional commanders.
Not so much with DPRK.
@graham_euan 15/ Q&A:
@AndrewSErickson asks about old INSEA ageement with USSR, and what is current mechanism with ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ?
Adm Aquilino highlights the MMCA format annual meeting. Last on back in November.
@graham_euan @AndrewSErickson 16/ @ChongJaIan asks about challenges from para-militaries, like the ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ Maritime Militias
@graham_euan @AndrewSErickson @ChongJaIan 17/ Adm Beng comments that maritime militias or maritime law enforcement agencies are either new or have recently had their mandates & resources expanded. They don't see CUES as about them.

We are at inflection point.
Looking for areas to cooperate, eg at the @Info_Fusion_Ctr
@graham_euan @AndrewSErickson @ChongJaIan @Info_Fusion_Ctr 18/ Adm Beng: looking forward to USCG presence and activity in the region.
@graham_euan @AndrewSErickson @ChongJaIan @Info_Fusion_Ctr 19/ Adm Aquilino: we expect ALL mariners at sea to operate safely & professioanlly, in accordinace with rules of the road.

We know how to do this at sea
20/ Adm Dasgupta describes the Indain perspective, and the responsibilities and cooperation among Indian Maritime forces & agencies.
21/ @JeffreyOrdaniel asks about ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ interpretation on #UNCLOS and any impact of ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ #MaritimeCooperation
22/ @CollinSLKoh asks about recent incidents involving submarines, including the loss of the ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉsub.
What are prospects of mechanisms to improve submarine safety and preventing mutual interferrence.
@CollinSLKoh 23/ ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฌAdm Beng replies regarding @CollinSLKoh question about Submarine Operational Safety.

Waterspace in this region is going to become more crowded. The regional waters are not very deep.

But optimism about the response to ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ฉsub.
Int'l response was overwhelming.
@CollinSLKoh 24/ @darshanabaruah asks about ๐Ÿ‡จ๐Ÿ‡ณ naval presence in Indian Ocean and its Sea Lanes.
and about need for a standing ๐Ÿ‡บ๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡ณ exercise.
@CollinSLKoh @darshanabaruah 25/ Adm Aquilino:
More minilateral and multilateral exericse.
Expansion happening across the region.
More Info Sharing for Maritime Domain Awareness.
US will Fly, Sail & Operate wherever Int'l Law allows.
@CollinSLKoh @darshanabaruah 26/ @BDHerzinger asks about the expanding number of new maritime fusion centres across the region:
and more
@CollinSLKoh @darshanabaruah @BDHerzinger @Info_Fusion_Ctr @IFC_IOR @RMIFCenter 27/ Adm Beng:
There coudl come a point when there are too many centres. But we are far away from the point.
A few overlapping Areas of Interest.
At some point not enough personnel for ILO's.
Pacific nations are currently underserved.
@CollinSLKoh @darshanabaruah @BDHerzinger @Info_Fusion_Ctr @IFC_IOR @RMIFCenter 28/ Adm Beng:
The measure of a good link btn countries at the IFC:
1. the ILO itself - how often there, rank, abiltiy
2. the data & products shared
3. the OPCEN to OPCEN links


@MarSec_Bradford @c_bueger
@CollinSLKoh @darshanabaruah @BDHerzinger @Info_Fusion_Ctr @IFC_IOR @RMIFCenter @graham_euan @MarSec_Bradford @c_bueger 29/ Adm Auilino:
We support & operate under #UNCLOS.
I advocate to Congress for ratification of #UNCLOS in Congressiona
l my hearings.
30/ And that's a wrap on the Sepcial Session #3.

Congrats to @graham_euan and to all the participants.

โ€ข โ€ข โ€ข

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More from @supbrow

Jun 11
1/ Probably the most exciting moment so far at #SLD22 is the ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ Defense Minister discusses Ream Naval Base.

Finally, some (minor)๐ŸŽ‡๐ŸŽ†๐ŸŽ‡ Fireworks.

@graham_euan @Sharon__Seah @willschoong
2/ Wonder if he read @BDHerzinger's article:
"Washington Should Chill About Chinaโ€™s Cambodia Base"

@BDHerzinger @JackDetsch 3/ ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ Defence Minister addresses directly the several questiosn about Ream Naval Base.

"The base is built on ๐Ÿ‡ฐ๐Ÿ‡ญ own needs... Nothing more than enhancement of Royal Cambodian Navy."

@willschoong @Sharon__Seah @graham_euan
Read 4 tweets
Nov 7, 2021
1/ This report from 1988 is a really interesting read, esp thru lens of the geopolitical situation in 2021, regarding China-US competition.

@cgberube @cdrsalamander @lawofsea @JerryHendrixII @graham_euan @ElbridgeColby @Rory_Medcalf @BDHerzinger @mercoglianos @man_integrated
2/ This report is also interesting after listening to @Ng_Eng_Hen speech at #AspenSecurity, with his sweeping historical view, and quotes from Singapore's LKY on the nature of US and China.โ€ฆ
3/ Seems that 1998 and 2021 have a lot in common.
Read 26 tweets
Oct 7, 2021
1/ "Today, the Peopleโ€™s Liberation Army Navy is the largest fleet in the world, with around 350 ships.
Complementing its fleet of modern surface combatants are hundreds of coast guard and maritime militia vessels."

3/ "Our global economy, and the self-determination of free nations everywhere,ย especiallyย in the Indo-Pacific, depends on sea power."
Read 7 tweets
Oct 5, 2021
#FPDA Ex #BersamaGold 2021:
"#XBG21 will see the participation of 2600 personnel, 10 ships, one submarine, six maritime helicopters, three maritime patrol aircraft, 25 fighter aircraft, two support aircraft, and one command and control aircraft."
2/ #FPDA #XBG21:
"Naval assets will be involved in a contactless exercise held in the southern parts of the #SouthChinaSea in international waters, where serials such as anti-air and anti-submarine exercises, gunnery firings and manoeuvring drills will be conducted."
3/ #FPDA #XBG21
"Air forces from the FPDA member-nations will exercise with each other in air serials such as air defence exercises, and support the maritime component in anti-submarine exercises." Image
Read 6 tweets
Jun 16, 2021
1/ Well, clearly, it's time for Oregon to restart its Naval Militia and for @OregonGuard to get it paired w Vietnam Maritime Mitilia under their State Partnership Program.

Any volunteers?

2/ US Naval Militias are one of my niche interests. For some reason, never mentioned in the State Partnership Program materials.โ€ฆ
3/ US Naval Militias are active in several states:
Alaska, California, New York, Ohio, South Carolina & Texas.

Authorized but inactive on many other states.

Why do we not build up & leverage them?โ€ฆ
Read 4 tweets
Jun 15, 2021
1/ #ASEAN Defence Mimisters Mtg #ADMM held today, hosted by Brunei MINDEF.

@CollinSLKohโ€ฆ Image
2/ Malaysia Minster of Defence posted the some info.

3/ Waiting to see if any statement will be published.

Read 31 tweets

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